351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #49

Credited Mission #46

DATE: 14 Oct. 1943
Target: North Bearing Works, Schweinfurt, Germany
Outline for Briefing: Briefing 07:15

    1. Roll Call and Assign Aircraft.
    2. Stations  –0910
    3. Start Engines –1010
    4. Taxi  –1020
    5. Take off –1035
    6. Return to Base –1707
  1. Target for today: Schweinfurt - North Bearing Works. Secondary: Center of City. Last resort - Chemical Works at Ludwigshafen. Alternate last resort - Railway Marshalling Yards at Saarbrucken.
    Loading: 6 x 500 1/10 [nose] & 1/40 [tail] fuses 1 Bomb Bay Tank.
  2. S-2 [Intelligence] –
  3. Navigator:
    1. Wing Rendezvous: Cambridge
    2. Altitude and time on Oxygen: 24,000 - 5½ hours
    3. Route in, I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run], Return:
    4. C.W. [Combat Wing] dispersal point: Gravesend
    5. Emergency Fields
  4. Weather -
  5. Operations -
    1. Wing Formation - Lead 91st @ 23,000', High 351st @ 24,000, Low 381st
      1st C.W.[Combat Wing] - Second, 40th CBW [Combat Wing] Lead, 41st CBW Third. Air Commander - Lt Col Milton.
  6. Diversions and other efforts -
    3rd ATF [Air Task Force] same target 30 minutes behind us.
    2nd ATF departs Clacton same time as we do for same target.
  7. Fighter Cover -
    1. Type and No. - 1 Group of (50) P-47's (Long range) from 51°30'N - 04°15'E [Bergen op Zoom, Netherlands] to limit of range out [bound].
    2. Type and No. - 1 Group of (50) P-47's (Long range) from 48°08'N-03°55'E [Near Nanteuil-la-Foret, France 10 miles SW of Reims] to 49°40'N-02°30'E [Cantigny, France 18 miles SE of Amiens] on route back.
    3. Type and No. - 4 Squadrons of Spit [Spitfire] IX's from 49°40'N-02°30'E [see above] to Mid Channel.
    4. Type and No. - One group P-38's will sweep Flushing [Netherlands] area at time 1st A.T.F. passes on way to target.
    5. Type and No. - 2 Squadrons of Spit [Spitfire] IX's will sweep area from 49°40'N-02°30'E to Mid Channel 5 minutes after last task force passes thru to help stragglers.
  8. Special Instructions - Transfer gas from Bomb Bays as soon as possible. Pour extra fire extinguisher in Bomb Bay when empty.
    Descend after target to 21,000'.
    London and Themes estuary [barrage] balloons will be at 3,000'.
    Red Flares, VHF - bomb bay doors open at I.P.
    Be prepared for heavy smoke screen and/or slight haze in target area.
  9. C.O's [Commanding Officer's] Comment -
  10. Dismissal of all but Pilots and Co-Pilots
  11. Call Sign[Tail] LetterFlares
    1st C.W. [Combat Wing]GoonchildRR [Red Red]
    91st GroupGoonchild RedARR
    351 GroupGoonchild WhiteJRG
    381st GroupGoonchild BlueLRY
    1st C.W. Command Post
    Air CommanderRosebud

    Spits [Spitfires] -DunlopBombers -Buckshot 2Ground Sector -Spice Cake
    P-47's -HaybankBombers -Phonebox 2Ground Sector -Warm Sun

    VHF ChannelsChannelShips Monitor
    1st C.W.A
    Air CommanderBRosebud - 857, 523
    SpitsC812 & 141
    P-47'sD812 & 141
  12. Colors of the day:
    0700 - 1300RY [Red Yellow]PL
    1300 - 1900GGIB
    1900 - 0100RRZC
  13. Flying Control - A. Taxi Plan, B. Runways and Taxi Strips, C. Spares
  14. Conclusion - Let down on Splasher 8 if overcast. Mag. [Magnetic Compass] heading [for] 351st group is 360°. No abortions.

Operations Narrative:
  1. The 351st Group took off on schedule and broke through the overcast over the city of Boston. The Group formed at this point. The 1st Combat Bomb Wing rendezvous was made over CAMBRIDGE.
  2. The formation was late for the fighter rendezvous and arrived at the target thirteen (13) minutes behind schedule.
  3. The primary target was bombed from an altitude of 23,550 feet. Bombs were away from the ten (10) aircraft of this Group which attacked the target at 1441. Results are considered to be very good, with a pattern running from the marshalling yards to the aiming point.
  4. Flak in the target area was moderate in intensity and fair for accuracy. About two hundred (200) enemy aircraft were encountered.
  5. The formation returned home, reaching base at 1755.
  6. A/C No. 42-6096, piloted by Lt. CRISMON, 511th Squadron, was seen to blow up over the target.
  7. Eight (8) of our aircraft returned early. Due to weather conditions, only two of the eight returned directly to base. Others landed at Ridgewell, Leeming, Bassingbourne, Ashbourne and Tibenham.
  8. Of the nine (9) aircraft completing the Mission, six (6) returned to base and three (3) were forced to land at Kenley and Gravesend.
  9. Casualties include ten men missing in action and five wounded.
[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer

Bombardier's Narrative:
  1. Turned on I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] at 1438 and took the normal trail behind the 91st and 381st Groups. Out Group was on course and no difficulties were encountered in locating the target or the aiming point. We were not forced off the target and released the bombs at 1441. Bombs were observed to hit in the target area.
  2. Leader sighted for range and deflection and deputy ship for range.
[Signed] Harvey H. Wallace, Captain, Air Corps, Group Bombardier.

Group Leader's Narrative:
  1. Take-off was made on instruments and the Group was clear of all clouds at 10,000'. The Group formed at 11,000' above the cloud layer and climbed to altitude.
  2. The rendezvous with the lead Group was accomplished without incident.
  3. The rest of the Mission was flown as briefed, in high Group position.
  4. Heavy fighter attacks were encountered to and including the bombing run. Moderate, accurate flak was encountered over the target.
  5. The bombing run was made on C-1 [autopilot]. VHF transmission and reception was satisfactory. On the bombing run, the lead plane was hit by flak and 20mm shells. One 20mm shell entered the cockpit behind the pilot's head and fell unexploded on the floor.
  6. The 1st Combat Bomb Wing Leader did an excellent job of leading the Air Division.
[Signed] John R. Blaylock, Major, Air Corps, Group Leader.

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. J.O. Bradley  Pilot - Major J.R. Blaylock Navigator - Capt. W. Stockman
Aircraft # 42-29925  Take-off - 1026  Landed - 1750
Objective - Schweinfurt
Aiming Point - Work Shops
Initial Point - Wurzburg
Method of Attack - Group
Number of Planes in Unit - 10
Number of Planes in Each Unit Performing Sighting Operations - 2
Time of Attack -  Time of Release - 1441
Approx. Length of Straight Approach - 60 seconds
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:
Altitude, True Above Target - 23,550
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.
True Air Speed - 222 M.P.H.
Wind Direction - 220° True
Wind Velocity - 30 M.P.H.
True Heading - 64°
Drift - 31°
True Track - 61°
D.S. - 131.2  Trail - 57   ATF - 40.41   Ten. D.A. - 56
Type of Release - 1 Bomb Train - 5 Bombs Salvoed
Point of Impact If Seen - Target Area
Winds - Altitude - 23,550 Ft.  Direction - Est. 220° Actual 220°  Velocity - Est. 30 Actual 30  Temp C. - Est. -25° C. Actual -25° C.

Damage Assessment:
  1. The target was the ball bearing plant at Schweinfurt, Germany. There were no photos obtained due to a malfunction of the one camera that returned to this base; however a study of the double exposed negatives showed the following results.
    1. There are three bomb patterns shown, and although no bombs are shown in flight, evidence points to the central pattern as being the bombs dropped by this Group.
    2. This pattern is incomplete, but shows the start of the bomb track. It starts in the edge of the marshalling yard and runs toward the intended MPI [Mean Point of Impact].
    3. The pattern measures 1,760 feet by 1,800 feet with the nearest burst being 440 feet from the intended MPI.
      1. There are eight hits on the marshalling yard.
      2. There is a direct hit on the railroad roundhouse.
      3. There is a direct hit on a large railway warehouse, and other bursts in the vicinity of this area.
      4. The area adjoining the factory is covered with bursts with hits on three unidentified buildings.
      5. There is a second pattern below the town just at the edge of the river. Very little damage is done.
      6. The third pattern starts at the NW edge of town and scattered bursts are seen throughout the town, all through the city to the edge of the river. These bursts are just outside of the congested city area, but probably a lot of damage is done to residential section.
    4. This report is only tentative due to the incompleteness of photo cover.
[Signed] Thomas L. Cooper, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence] Officer.

Supplementary Damage Assessment:
  1. This report is a supplement to the report submitted on 14 October, 1943. Further photo coverage was given by the return to their base of the plane 509. There was a camera malfunction causing double exposure; however four prints of good quality were obtained.
  2. The complete bomb pattern across the target is shown. The pattern measures 3,942' x 1,879 feet and crosses the MPI [Mean Point of Impact]. In addition to damage noted on first report the following results are noted:
    1. Direct hit on one storied workshop (MPI).
    2. Near miss on Multi storied workshop.
    3. Possible hit on office building.
    4. Possible hit on canteen.
    5. Target area covered by bomb bursts.
  3. There is a second pattern in the southern edge of the city that completely covers V.K.F. Werks I. Very great damage is probably done to this factory.
  4. Scattered bursts are shown throughout the city.
[Signed] Thomas L. Cooper, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence] Officer.

Intelligence S-2 Narrative:
  1. The target for the mission of this date was the ball bearing factory at Schweinfurt. Although the one camera that was returned to the base this evening malfunctioned because of freezing, a study of the double exposed prints shows that bombing was excellent with a pattern running from the marshalling yards up to the MPI.
  2. 18 A/C took off, 10 bombed the target, and 8 returned early. Two were mechanical failures, two were personnel failures, and four landed at other fields and the reasons at this writing are unknown. A/C 096 was lost just after the target. The ship had a feathered #2 engine when the #4 engine was knocked out by a rocket shell and caught fire. The pilot was forced to fall out of formation. The ship caught fire and before it blew up two parachutes were seen.
  3. Fighter opposition was very strong with some 200 E/A [Enemy Aircraft] seen. Attacks by FW 190's and Me 109's began at 1330 hours, when the fighter escort left, and continued to the IP where Me 110's, Me 210's, Ju 88's, FW189's, and Do 217's, equipped with rocket guns came in to attack. There was no respite from this treatment until 1554.
  4. Flak was meager, low, and trailing at three points on the route in. At the target it was moderate and generally fair for height and deflection. On the route out a few meager bursts were encountered at one place.
  5. On the route out there was a 9/10's to 10/10's undercast until 08 degrees east where this broke. Target area was excellent for bombing as there were no clouds and visibility was very good. On the route out the undercast became prominent at 07 degrees east.
[Signed] John L. Scott, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Track Chart and Combat Duplication Check Form:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

Combat Duplication Check Form:
Click on Form to Enlarge

Report on Mission:
  1. In compliance with Co-ordination Memorandum No. 3, 19 July, 1943, the following data on the Mission of 17 August is submitted.
      1. No. of Aircraft Assigned: 18
        No. Failed to Take-off: 0
        No. of Abortives: 8
        No. Missing: 1
      1. The 351st Group flew the High Combat Box of the 101st Combat Wing Formation.
      2. The bombing altitude was 23,550 feet (True altitude above Target).
[Signed] Robert B. Stratton, 1st. Lt., Air Corps, Statistical Officer

Altitude Chart:

Given an indicated altitude, determine the true altitude.

Ground Temp. °C °C°F
Temp. Aloft °C °C°F
Total °C
Mean °C
Mean for Computation -4° (Metro)
Indicated Altitude 23,500 ft.
Pressure Altitude of Target499 Ft.
Indicated Altitude above Target 23,000 ft.
Find True Altitude above Target 23,550 ft.
Elevation of Target ft.
True Altitude above Sea Level ft.

Flak Report:

Target - Schweinfurt
1. Route followed. - In at West Schouwen over Turnhout, Duren, [unreadable], right turn at Bad Nauheim. "S" turn starting at Lohr, Karlstadt, Hundsbach, right turn to 58° over target. Right turn over Ebrach, Estenfeld, Leinach, [unreadable], [unreadable], Bitche, [unreadable] on briefed course out at Bourg D’Ault.
2. Visibility at Target. - Visibility Good; No contrails at target
3. No. of A/C [Aircraft] over Target: 10
4. General Axis of attack. - 58° True
5. How long did formation fly straight and level before bombing? - 40 seconds
6. Turn after bombing. - Right turn to 130°
7. Position of Group in relation to other Groups: 91st Lead; 381st Low; 351st High.
8. What evasive action was taken? - 5° "S" turns on run in.
9. A short description of Flak en route. - Meager black bursts, low and trailing at Woensdrecht, Turnhout and Aachen. Cologne had accurate barrages far to north and out of range. At turn at Bad Nauheim, Frankfurt guns had moderate bursts out of range to south. At target bursts were red and black, accurate and generally fair for height and deflection. On run out meager bursts mostly white were low and trailing when between Landau and Karlsruhe, Flashes seen at both towns. No further flak seen en route out. Seen following used throughout.
10. Any other comments, phenomena, etc. - A/C 096 was hit by rocket gun, fired by E/A ship at 6 o'clock and exploded. E/A [Enemy aircraft] rocket ships attacked fiercely at IP and bomb run.

Crew Comments:

1. Following are the comments made by crew members during interrogation:
A/C 532: Wait for clearer weather for missions. 48 hour pass desired. The new plexiglass saved my life guarding off flak – Lt. Hull
A/C 495: Compass out for two weeks! – Lt. McKinnon. Call gunners earlier; one had no breakfast. – Enlisted Man.
A/C 857: Tracers desired in ammunition. – Gunners.
[Signed] John L. Scott, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Hot News:
  1. Following is the summary of hot news as determined by interrogation:
    A/C L – 510 Squadron [42-29925] reported that at 1442, just after bombs away, A/C "W" (Lt. Crismon) was hit by a rocket gun; the ship burst into flames and then exploded.
[Signed] John L. Scott, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortive Sorties.
    1. Airplane No. 42-29863, 509th Squadron, returned early because the co-pilot became ill.
    2. Airplane No. 42-29749, 509th Squadron, returned early because the pilot became ill.
  2. Abortives
    1. Airplane No. 42-3141, 508th Squadron, returned early because a crew member became ill.
    2. Airplane No. 42-5756, 509th Squadron, returned early because an oil line was loose on #4 engine. The aircraft landed at another base and was unable to be checked by the Engineering Officer. A report is forthcoming.
    3. Airplane No. 42-29812, 509th Squadron, returned early because of #2 engine failure, according to pilot. This aircraft was also checked by the Engineering Officer and #2 engine is being changed.
    4. Airplane No. 42-3120, 509th Squadron, returned early because of a broken Oxygen line, according to the pilot's statement. The regulators were immediately checked and found to be O.K. The reading is 400 lbs. and no cause for loss of pressure was found.
    5. Airplane No. 42-29849, 511th Squadron, returned early because a crew member became ill.
    6. Airplane No. 42-29835, 511th Squadron, returned early because of high cylinder head temperature and runaway propeller, according to the Pilot's telephoned statement. This aircraft also landed away from this Station and a report from the Squadron Engineering Officer is forthcoming.
  3. Battle Damage
    1. Airplane No. 42-29863, 509th Squadron. .30 cal. hole in left stabilizer. .30 cal hole through #1 propeller, .30 cal. hole back of #2 propeller, glanced off, making several small holes in Navigator's compartment. One 20mm. incendiary hit left side fuselage below stabilizer, circumferential stiffeners between Stations 7 and 9 damaged. Left stabilizer damaged by bursting .20 mm. DR compass shot off mount. Small flak hole in plexiglass of left waist window.
    2. Airplane No. 42-30857, 510th Squadron. One .30 cal. through left wing tip. One .3- [.30] cal. leading edge of wing below #2 engine cowl and fuselage. One 20 mm. through center of rudder. One .30 cal. through bottom #4 Engine nacelle.
    3. Airplane No. 42-3495, 510th Squadron, 20 MM. in leading edge of wing between #3 and #4 Engine nacelle. Oil cooler damaged.
    4. Airplane No. 42-3523, 510th Engineering. Three .30 cal. holes in right aileron. One .30 cal. hole left bomb bay door. One 20 mm. through base of dorsal fin just below rudder, right side of fuselage damaged as shell exploded, causing numerous small holes.
    5. Airplane No. 42-29925, 510th Squadron. One 20 mm. hit top turret track. One .30 cal. through #2 propeller. One 20 mm. in fuselage near base of rudder. Right side of fuselage has numerous small holes from this shell exploding. One 20 mm. in fuselage near back of left stabilizer. One 20 mm. through right stabilizer. One 20 mm. through right flap.
    6. Airplane No. 42-3136, 511th Squadron. One .20 cal hole through tip of right stabilizer. .50 cal hole window sill of right waist. Four small flak holes in skin of rudder right side at base.
    7. Airplane No. 42-3532, 511th Squadron. Flak hole in leading edge of right wing, outboard panel, damaging skin and spar. Small flak hole in skin and corrugation of left wing near #1 nacelle.
  4. Nine aircraft have not returned to base.
[Signed] Otto R. Vasak, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer.

Supplementary Mission Summary Report:
  1. -
  2. -
  3. - Battle Damage
    1. Airplane No. 42-29860, 509th Squadron, Flak hole in right wing underside. Fuel tank, skin and corrugation damaged.
    2. Airplane No. 42-3542, 509th Squadron, Flak hole in plexi-glass nose section. 20 mm hole in bottom of tail gunner's enclosure. Flak hole through right stabilizer. Flak hole through left stabilizer. 20 mm hole through left aileron. Three small flak holes in left flap. Three flak holes through left wing, three stringers damaged by this flak, #2 Oil tank damaged by flak. Flak hole in bottom of #1 Engine nacelle, ring cowling damaged, and push rod housing also damaged. Flak hole through right wing behind #4 Engine nacelle, wing tank damaged. Structural member at root of right wing damaged by flak. Small hole in fuselage underside near ball turret.

  1. Following are the malfunctions as determined by interrogation:
    1. A/C 532: Hydraulic unit in Ball Turret jumps. Bolt extractor in left hand chin turret broke.
    2. A/C 136: Tail gun stopped; reason unknown.
    3. A/C 857: Top Turret right gun explodes and then stops.
    4. A/C 495: Chin Turret hydraulic did not feed bolt. Ball Turret quit; oil too heavy.
    5. A/C 523: Left hand ball turret gun had defective ammunition. Right hand chin turret gun quit. Left waist gun had bent ball feed lever.
[Signed] John L. Scott, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions and failures were reported upon the conclusion of the Mission of 14 October, 1943.
    1. A/C 42-3532 – Bolt extractor in left hand chin turret gun broke.
    2. A/C 42-3523 – Left hand Ball turret gun had defective ammunition. Left waist gun had bent pall feed lever.
  2. The necessary repairs and adjustments have been made.
[Signed] Michael Steele, WO (JG), AUS, Group Armament Officer.

Ammunition Expenditure:
  1. Due to the fact that all aircraft have not yet returned to base, the total ammunition expenditure on the Mission of 14 October, 1943 is not complete.
  2. The present known expenditure is 38,650 rounds, with the expenditure of nine (9) aircraft not yet returned not included. The estimated expenditure of these aircraft is 21,750 rounds, making a total of 60,400 rounds.
  3. The correct total expenditure will be included in the next Ammunition Expenditure Report.
  4. Sixty (60) 500 lb. G.P. AN-M43 bombs were dropped in the target area. Forty eight (48) were brought back by aircraft returning early.
[Signed] Robert B. Stratton, 1st Lt, Air Corps, Statistical Officer
Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. Following are the deficiencies and disabilities as determined by interrogation:
A/C 523: Navigator has been on 4 raids and has never had a compass. – Lt. Johnston.
A/C 857: Radio man's gloves and boots did not function. – Sgt. Flanagan. Top Turret left boot shorted,. – Sgt. Zibas.
A/C 136: Interphone button malfunction in ball turret.
A/C 495: Left waist interphone out.
A/C 532: Boots and glove burned out. – Sgt. Markert.
[Signed] John L. Scott, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Pilots Explanation to Abort:

Aircraft No. 9812 Squadron 509th   Pilot - Maginnis
Time of Abortive - 1258  Location when Aborted - 10 miles inside Holland
Reason - #2 engine failure
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
[Signed] J. Maginnis

Aircraft No. 42-29835 Squadron 511th   Pilot - Wilson
Time of Abortive - ?  Location when Aborted - Over England
Reason - #3 prop running away – C.H.T. [Cylinder Head Temperature] went up to 280° - Oil temp about 85° - 90° - Engine detonating.
Enemy Opposition Encountered - No
[Signed] C.W. Wilson

Aircraft No. 849 Squadron 511th   Pilot - D.M. Norris, Captain
Time of Abortive - 1130  Location when Aborted - Over Wash [A body of water on east coast of England]
Reason - Crew member ill – Interphone out.
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
[Signed] D.M. Norris, Capt.

Aircraft No. 120 Squadron 509th   Pilot - 1st Lt. E.P. Harris
Time of Abortive - 1232 Alt. 20,500 ft  Location when Aborted - 52°10'N-01°10'E
Reason - Loss of Oxygen in front right system
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
[Signed] E.P. Harris

Aircraft No. 749 Squadron 509th   Pilot - Strouse, J.W. 1st Lt.
Time of Abortive - 1314  Location when Aborted - About 40 miles inside enemy coast.
Reason - Pilot became sick due to severe gas pains in stomach and intestines (and cramps)
Enemy Opposition Encountered - Flak just below, burst about 100 feet below our plane; saw enemy planes at 4 & 6 o'clock but we avoided them by letting… Saw several enemy planes on our tail just out of range, but we avoided them by rapid let down of 4,000 ft per minute between two cloud layers at 240 to 260 mile [per hour] air speed. Enemy coast and channel was overcast by stratus clouds.
[Signed] James Strouse

Aircraft No. 863 Squadron 509th   Pilot - Capt. Richard E. Hathaway
Time of Abortive - 1318  Location when Aborted - 25 miles in from enemy coast
Reason - Co-pilot had "bends" as far as is now known. Top Turret lost 300 lbs. of oxygen quickly. Ball Turret throwing oil inside. Operator had trouble seeing – said Turret would be inoperative in a short time.
Enemy Opposition Encountered - Flak – jumped by 6 enemy fighters. Destroyed one.
[Signed] Richard E. Hathaway Capt. A.C. [Air Corps]

“J” Form:
  1. Total No. A/C in each Squadron and Letters of each:
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 3141–H(1)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 9812–U, 9863–Y, 3542–V, 5756–R, 9860–W, 3120–O, 9749–Z(7)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 9925–L, 3523–M, 0857–J, 3495–C (7)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 3136–P, 849–U, 9835–Y, 6096–W, 3509–Z, 3532–O(6)
  2. Target: GZ-2707
  3. Station call sign and Operational call sign respectively of each Squadron
    Squadron508 Ops:DiscloseSquadron510 Ops:Cupping
    Squadron509 OpsSeagreenSquadron511 Ops:Ranger
  4. Taxi Time – 1st A/C 1020;     Take-Off Time 1st A/C 1035;     E.T.D. Over Field 1201
  5. Time:Height:  Place of crossing English Coast OUT:
    123321,000 Ft Orfordness
  6. Time:Height: Place of Recrossing Enemy Coast:
    164321,000 Ft Ault, France
  7. Time:Height: Place of crossing English Coast IN:
    170310,000 Ft Beachy Head
  8. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return): 1750 Hours
  9. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: N
  10. Bomb load of Each A/C:
    Squadron: 508 6–500 pound G.P.[General Purpose], Fuse - 1/10 Nose, 1/40 Tail
    Squadron: 509 6–500 pound G.P., Fuse - 1/10 Nose, 1/40 Tail
    Squadron: 510 6–500 pound G.P., Fuse - 1/10 Nose, 1/40 Tail
    Squadron: 511 6–500 pound G.P., Fuse - 1/10 Nose, 1/40 Tail
  11. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2100 Gallons
  12. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:
    SquadronA/C LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
       3542–V1040½RAF Kenley
       3509–Z1032RAF Kenley

    Report Compiled By A. Brooks, Sgt.

    Sqdn.A/C LetterDesignationRemarks
    509812–UAbortive - Landed at Ridgewell #2 Engine Failure.
    509756–RAbortive - Landed at LeemingOil line #4 Engine
    509120–OAbortive - Landed at BassingbourneOxygen Failure
    511849–UAbortive - Landed at AshbourneSick Gunner
    511835–YAbortive - Landed at TibenhamHigh Cylinder Temp; Runaway Prop.
    509863–YAbortiveCo-Pilot sick - Loss of oxygen in Top Turret
    509749–ZAbortivePilot sick.
    508141–HAbortive - Landed at RidgewellWaist Gunner sick.

Formation Chart:
Group Formation Take–Off
510th Squadron
Blaylock – Roper
A/C # 42-29925 L
A/C # 42-30857 J
A/C # 42-3523 M
A/C # 42-3495 C
A/C # 42-29812 U
A/C # 42-3141 H
509th Squadron508th Squadron
A/C # 42-29863 Y
A/C # 42-3509 Z
A/C # 42-29749 Z
A/C # 42-3542 V
A/C # 42-29860 W
A/C # 42-5756 R
A/C # 42-29849 U
A/C # 42-3532 O
A/C # 42-6096 W
A/C # 42-29835 Y
A/C # 42-3136 P
E. Harris
A/C # 42-3120 O

Group Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
Blaylock – Roper
A/C # 42-29925 L
A/C # 42-30857 J
A/C # 42-3523 M
A/C # 42-3495 C
509th Squadron508th Squadron
A/C # 42-3509 Z
A/C # 42-3542 V
A/C # 42-29860 W
A/C # 42-3532 O
A/C # 42-6096 W
A/C # 42-3136 P

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1230  Briefing: 0715  Stations: 0910  Start Engines: 1010  Taxi: 1020   Take-off: 1035  Leave Base:1201

Missing Air Crew Report (MACR):

A/C# 42-6096   DS-W  "Onda Ball"  Pilot: 1st Lt. Crismon    A/C's 4th Mission   MACR # 1036

Aircraft Loss Circumstances:

According to the book, "The 351st Bomb Group in WWII," "One plane, 42-6096, piloted by Lt. Crismon, was hit by a rocket shell near the target and caught fire before exploding in mid-air."

Individual Accounts of Crewmen Fates:
  • Pilot, 1st Lt. CRISMON, OLIVER W, From Illinois, POW at Stalag Luft 3 Sagan-Silesia Bavaria (Moved to Nuremberg-Langwasser) 49-11. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Co-Pilot, 2nd Lt. HIGGINS, MALCOLM H, POW at Stalag Luft 3 Sagan-Silesia Bavaria (Moved to Nuremberg-Langwasser) 49-11. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Navigator, 2nd Lt. BILLETT, JAMES D, From Ohio, POW at Stalag Luft 3 Sagan-Silesia Bavaria (Moved to Nuremberg-Langwasser) 49-11. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Bombardier, 2nd Lt. MORIARITY, WILLIAM R, From Indiana, POW - Camp not defined in National Archives records. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Top Turret Gunner, T/Sgt BIEVER, THEODORE N, From Illinois, Returned to Military Control, POW at Stalag 17B Braunau Gneikendorf Near Krems Austria 48-15. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Radio Operator, T/Sgt JONES, HARDY, From Mississippi, Returned to Military Control, POW at Stalag Luft 3 Sagan-Silesia Bavaria (Moved to Nuremberg-Langwasser) 49-11. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Left Waist Gunner, S/Sgt MILLER, HARVEY M JR, From Missouri, POW at Stalag 17B Braunau Gneikendorf Near Krems Austria 48-15. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Right Waist Gunner, S/Sgt BROWN, GRANVILLE R, From District of Columbia, POW at Stalag 17B Braunau Gneikendorf Near Krems Austria 48-15. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Ball Turret Gunner, S/Sgt CHAMBERS, ERNEST W, From Massachusetts, POW at Stalag 17B Braunau Gneikendorf Near Krems Austria 48-15. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
  • Tail Gunner, S/Sgt, PICKETT WILLIAM C JR, From Georgia, POW at Stalag Luft 3 Sagan-Silesia Bavaria (Moved to Nuremberg-Langwasser) 49-11. Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.

 [Prisoner of War - 10]
 [Wounded - 5]

The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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