351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #127

Credited Mission #121

 
DATE: 19 May 1944
Target: Berlin, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
     "A" Box "B" Box
    Stations   –0840Stations   –0850
    Start Engines –0850Start Engines –0900
    Taxi     –0900Taxi     –0910
    Take Off   –0910Take Off   –0920
    Last Take Off –1000Last Take Off –1000

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Berlin (Corner of Alexander Place and Frankfurter Street.)
    Secondary: Kiel Shipyards
    Last Resort: Any Military Objective with fighter escort.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A” Max. load M-47’s
    351 “B” Max. load M-47’s
    Composite
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - 472-H, 987-D [987-D did not take off]
    Chaff: Standard rate from 2 min. before I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] for 12 minutes.
  5. Gasoline Loading: 2800 gal. full.
    Remarks: ____

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Col. CobbCol. Voorhees
    Lead457th401st
    Low457th401st
    High351st351st

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast - Cromer
    Lead1st ABerlin1030
    2nd1st BBerlin1032
    3rd94th ABerlin1034
    4th94th BBerlin1036
    5th41st ABerlin1038
    6th41st BBerlin1040
    7th40thBerlin1042
    8th
    2nd DivisionBrunswickGt. Yarmouth 1050
    3rd DivisionBerlinCromer 1050
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: CBW’s echelon right if bothered by contrails.

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Call Sign][Longitude]
      2 Gps. P-51’s Bal. 1-1, 1-2  0900 E To 1125 E 
      2 Gps. P-51’s Bal. 1-3, 1-4  1120 E  
      1 Grp. P-51’s Bal. 1-5  weather reconnaissance
      1 Grp. P-51’s Bal. 1-6  1338°To Target to 1220° 
      2 Gps. P-38’s Bal. 1-7, 1-8  1220° To Limit [of range] 

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    "A" Brooksby6,500'Splasher #4
    "B" Kelley6,500'Deenethorpe
    Lead at5,000'Both places

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Navigators, Bombardiers and Radio Operators:
    150 foot Intervalometer setting.
    Spares will turn back at 0300° E.
    Take over nearest vacancy.
    Hand camera in 845-F and 835-N to be used to take pictures of bomb run and cloud condition at Target. Also any good shots that you see.
    Pass Word to Guards is “Old Gold”.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –Big City
    Weather Ship –A - Bluebell - UB - Golf Club – M
    Visual Bombing -A – Pot LuckB – Lucky Tiger
    Authenticator –Boy Blue
    Recall -A – Whiskey and ItB – Run Sheep Run
    Weather Code -VABTI
    Release "CHAFF"A – Tin HatB – Mint Julep

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st AWood Craft RedG [Green]
    351st BWood Craft BrownG
    401st AWood Craft WhiteRY [Red Yellow]
    401st BWood Craft SilverR [Red]
    457th AWood Craft BlueRY [Red Yellow]
    457th BWood Craft GreenR [Red]
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance one – one through one - [8]
    R.A.F. Fighters
     Bombers (94th A) Vine Grove 1 - 3(94th B) Vine Grove 1 - 4
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
     Cromer P – Zwolle' 
     08°00’ER – Dümmer Lake
     10°22’EO – Brunswick
     12°22’EW – Hamburg
     _____L – Wittenburg
     _____I – Berlin
     _____N – Kummerower Lake
     _____G – Rostock
    Remarks: Reference Altitude - 25,000'

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0800 – 1400R-RRSM
    1400 – 2000GYHB

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    [Channel][94th] A[94th] B
    "A"All ExceptAll Except
    "B"F-845, L-725N-835, F-124
    "C"P-193, X-149, Y-216, J-857G-757, A-702, C-613, P-875
    "D"Available for Emergency Only

  16. Let-Down on [see below], if overcast.
    351st A   290° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading] Splasher #5
    351st B   040° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading] Deenethorpe
    401st A   ° Mag.
    457th A   ° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields.
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
    Extreme caution on Take-Off. Short runway. Recommend holding ship.
    Do not fill out on runway more than one A/C at a time.
    Flaps may be used if necessary. (1/3)
    Check ships for C.G.[Center of Gravity] and do what you can for T.O.
    Not a minute to spare on assembly.


Operational Narrative – High Combat Box, 94th “A”:
  1. General Narrative. Twenty aircraft, including two flying spares, took off from the home field to form the high box of the 94th”A” Combat Wing. The assembly was made at Splasher #4 in very good time. Departure was on time with all ships in formation although assembly altitude had been raised 6,000 feet with no additional time allowed. After departing the Splasher, a message was received from 1st Division to delay timing thirty minutes. This was accomplished by circling before departing the English coast. Light clouds prevented a good wing formation until the altitude at which the enemy coast was crossed was reached, at which point the wing was above the overcast.
     The group formation during the bombing run was good, but both the high and the lead boxes were slightly behind on the run. Bombing was by PFF, but as the bombs of the lead ship were not seen, the high box dropped on the markers of a previous PFF aircraft.
     The rally after bombing was made without difficulty.
     No direct fighter attacks were made on the high box, although about thirty enemy fighters made an attack on the lead box, knocking down one bomber.
     Moderate flak was encountered both at the primary and at two airfields on the route.
     The return route was flown as briefed to a point in the North Sea where it was decided by the combat wing leader to drop below the overcast and return to bases by individual groups.
     Most of the difficulties encountered were due to the change in timing which caused all the combat wings to be circling in the same area, making it very hazardous as well as difficult to maintain wing formation.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. Twenty aircraft took off at 0910 – 0925 hours, and assembled in the formation indicated on the following diagram. The two aircraft indicated as flying spares returned as briefed; the remaining eighteen ships continued on course and bombed the primary.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft are missing from the Mission of 19 May, 1944.
  4. Group Leader. Captain Marvin A. Brooksby, in aircraft 42-97381, led the high box of the 94th “A” Combat Wing.

STATISTICAL SUMMARY
No. of A/C Scheduled20
No. of A/C Taking Off20
No. of A/C Taking Off - Less Unused Spares18
No. of A/C Attacking18
No. of A/C Not Attacking0
No. of Sorties18
No. of A/C Lost0

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Operational Narrative – High Combat Box, 94th “B”:
  1. General Narrative. Twenty aircraft took off at 0926 – 0942 hours to assemble over the Deenethorpe buncher at 12,500 feet. However, the assembly was not completed at the buncher due to the combat wing leader having left the buncher thirty minutes early. The high group left the assembly point five minutes after the wing leader, and flew to the coast departure point in order to intercept the lead and low groups.
     The wing leader was contacted on VHF Channel A, and he stated that he would depart the coast eight minutes late. However, due to a navigational error, The wing reached the departure point only three minutes late, thus forcing the high group to join it some ten minutes later when the wing was making a climbing 360° turn to avoid high clouds.
     After flying around the cloud bank, the route was flown as briefed. Due to the combat wing being unable to join the division formation, the secondary target, Kiel, was bombed. Bombing was by PFF, and the formation was reported as fair at the time.
     No fighter opposition was encountered, but flak was reported to be moderate and quite accurate.
     Return from the enemy coast was uneventful, and no difficulties presented themselves.


  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. Of the twenty aircraft taking off, two ships (42-31757 and 42-31702, pilots, Lt. McLott and Lt. Evans) returned early because they were unable to locate the formation. Aircraft 42-97157, pilot Lt. Nall, returned early when a waist gunner became extremely ill. Aircraft 42-97325, pilot Lt. Nelson, returned early because of a leak in the tail gunner’s oxygen line. Aircraft 42-39835, pilot Lt. Anderson, returned early due to a malfunctioning #2 supercharger. Aircraft 42-31875, pilot Lt. Lemley, returned early because of low oxygen pressure, according to the pilot’s report.  The remaining fourteen aircraft continued as described in the General Narrative, flying in the formation as indicated on the following diagram, and bombed the secondary target.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft are missing from the Mission of 19 May, 1944.
  4. Group Leader.  Captain Harrold G. Kelley, in Aircraft 42-31899, led the high combat box of the 94th “B” Combat Wing.

STATISTICAL SUMMARY
No. of A/C Scheduled20
No. of A/C Taking Off20
No. of A/C Taking Off Less Unused Spares20
No. of A/C Attacking14
No. of A/C Not Attacking6
No. of Sorties14
No. of A/C Lost0


[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer






Bombardier’s Narrative – “A” Wing High Box:

Group: 351st Low Group
Target: Berlin, Germany
Method of Bombing: P.F.F.
Altitude: 27,000’
Direction of Attack: 80° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 230°
Wind Velocity: 28 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: The “A” Wing High Box, 351st Bombardment GP. (H) [Heavy], bombed the Primary Target of Berlin, Germany. Bombs were dropped on the Wing Leader at 1355 on a magnetic heading of 80°. Results were not observed.

[Signed:] George M. Decker, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – “B” Wing High Box:

Group: 351st
Target: Kiel, Germany
Method of Bombing: P.F.F. [Pathfinder Force]
Altitude: 27,000’
Direction of Attack: 310° Magnetic Heading
Wind Direction: 135°
Wind Velocity: 36 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: The “B” Wing High Box, 351st Bombardment Gp. (H), bombed the Secondary Target at Kiel, Germany. Bombs were dropped on PFF at 1345 on a magnetic heading of 310°. A turn to the left was made after “Bombs Away”.

[Signed:] Manuel J. Giswein, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – “A” Wing High Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Decker, George M.   Pilot - Capt. Brooksby, Marvin A.  Navigator - 1st Lt. Cleveland, Carleton A.
Aircraft B-17G   381-U  Take-off - 0910½  Landed - 1805
Objective - Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI)[Mean Point of Impact] - P.F.F.
Initial Point - P.F.F.
Method of Attack - Wing
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 18   Composite Group -
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: PFF
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group -
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group -
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 LB. M47 A1 I.B. [Incendiary Bomb]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 42   Released - Same
Fusing, Instantaneous   Tail - ____
Synchronization - P.F.F. On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 115Magnetic Heading Ordered 110° Actual 80°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,860True Heading ___°
Indicated Altitude - 27,000Drift, Estimated 4° Left - Actual 4° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +39True Track ___°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 8,826'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - Mercury
True Air Speed - 232 M.P.H.Time of Release 1355
Ground Speed Est. 200 Actual ___Length of Bombing Run - 10 Min.
Wind Direction Metro - 130° Actual - 230°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 34 Actual 28 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 121.5  Trail - 150   ATF - 48.75A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .33 Actual P.F.F. Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - No
Mean Temp. Metro -__ Actual -__
Winds - Altitude - 27,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 130°  Actual 230°  Velocity - Metro 34  Actual 28
Temp C. - Metro -42° C. Actual -40° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – “B” Wing High Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Giswein, Manuel J.   Pilot - Capt. Kelley, Harrold G. Navigator - 1st Lt. Manthey, Miles E.
Aircraft # 899-B Take-off - 0932½  Landed - 1640
Objective - Kiel, Germany (Secondary)
Aiming Point (MPI)[Mean Point of Impact] - PFF
Initial Point - PFF
Method of Attack - Wing
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 14    Composite Group -
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - PFF
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - ____   Composite Group -
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group -
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 LB. M47 A1 I.B.[Incendiary Bomb] & Sky Marker
Number of Bombs Loaded - 41 & 1 Sky Marker    Released - Same
Fusing, Instantaneous    Tail -
Synchronization - PFF On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 0Magnetic Heading Ordered 110° Actual 310°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,860True Heading 305°
Indicated Altitude - 27,000Drift, Estimated 4° Left - Actual 1° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +39True Track 306°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range ____'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - Mercury
True Air Speed - 232 M.P.H.Time of Release 1345
Ground Speed Est. 200 Actual 328Length of Bombing Run - 10 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 130° Actual - 135°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 34 Actual 36 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 121.5  Trail - 150   ATF - 48.75A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .33 Actual PFF Manual Pilot _____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - No
Mean Temp. Metro _____ Actual _____
Winds - Altitude - 27,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 130° Actual 135° Velocity - Metro 34 Actual 36
Temp C. - Metro -42° C. Actual -40° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the “B” group was the secondary target at Kiel, Germany. Photos show bombs away in the target area, but due to 5-10/10ths cloud coverage no bursts can be plotted definitely. Bursts from both GP bombs and Incendiary bombs can be seen in a built up area approximately one-half mile NE of the briefed target. Damage should be heavy.
  2. The target for the “A” box was the city of Berlin. Bombs away can be seen, but 5-10/10ths clouds prevent any bursts from being plotted. Bombs away is seen to be approximately two miles SE of the briefed MPI, and therefore the bombs should fall in outlying districts at the extreme NE edge of the city.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence] Officer


Intelligence S-2 Reports – 94th CBW “A”:
  1. Eight bombs of G-41 leaflets were dropped in the primary target area. The other ship scheduled to carry leaflets had a short-circuit in the prop feathering motor and did not take off.
  2. Photo evidence show bombs away, but no bomb bursts can be plotted because of 5/10ths cloud cover. At time of bombs away photos show that the aircraft were over the Templehof Marshalling Yard and the A/C [Aircraft] were on a heading of 60°. Bombs will therefore fall in the NE part of the city.
  3. Approximately 50 E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered by this box, flying high group of the Combat Wing, in the I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] area between 1340 and 1350 hours. These aircraft were ME-109’s and radial-engined and inlined-engined FW-190’s. Only two passes were made at aircraft of this group, but heavy attacks by large groups of E/A were made head-on from above against the lead and low groups and the CW [Combat Wing] to the right. The enemy planes simulated escort tactics and formations whenever possible, and maneuvered in fake dog-fights before launching many of their attacks upon our bombers. There are no claims [of E/A being shot down].
  4. On the route in moderate flak was observed over Lübeck. From the I.P. to the target scattered flak was meager and inaccurate. At the target flak was intense, good for altitude, but poor for deflection. On the route out a moderate barrage was observed over Rostock. Meager, accurate flak was encountered at Eckenförde. Meager flak was observed over Flensburg and Husum, but this group was out of range.
  5. There was 4-5/10ths cloud cover over the target.
  6. A convoy of 30 ships was observed at the mouth of the Elbe River heading out to sea. Smoke screens were seen over Kiel and Eckenförde.
  7. Due to the fact that the formation was behind schedule, fighter cover was spotty on the way to the target; however, excellent cover was provided at the target and on the route back to base. No aircraft from this Group were lost; however, one B-17 from lead box of 94th CBW “A” went down from E/A attack in the vicinity of I.P. at 1345 hours. Three B-17’s from combat wings ahead went down from E/A attacks in the vicinity of Templin. In all, 15 parachutes were seen to open.
[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Intelligence S-2 Reports – 94th CBW “B”:
  1. No leaflets were carried by this box.
  2. Photo evidence shows bombs away, but no bomb bursts can be plotted because of 5/10ths cloud cover. At time of bombs away photos show that the aircraft were over the center of Kiel and the A/C were on a heading of 310°. Bombs will therefor fall north-west of center of city just south of Kiel Canal.
  3. No E/A were encountered.
  4. On the route in moderate flak was observed over Heligoland and Hamburg, but this group was out of range of these installations. Moderate flak, fair for accuracy, was encountered at Lübeck. At Kiel flak was reported as moderate to intense and fair for accuracy.
  5. Due to poor weather and consistent contrails, formation could not keep up with Division formation, and since it was without fighter cover it deviated from route to the primary target and attacked the secondary at Kiel. There was 4-5/10ths cloud cover over the target.
  6. 25 or more ships of assorted sizes were observed at mouth of the Elbe River near the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal.
  7. Due to the fact that Combat Wing formation was separated from Division formation, fighter cover was spotty on the way to the target. However, excellent cover was provided at the target and on the route back to base. Deviation was made from briefed route to primary at approximately 53°50’ North - 10°30’East to attack secondary target at Kiel. One aircraft from low box of CBW formation received a direct flak hit just past target and was last seen spinning to earth. Two parachutes were seen to open.
[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Bomb Camera Photos:
Click on Photo to Enlarge



Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report – “A” Box:

1. Target: Assigned - Berlin, Germany  Bombed - Berlin, Germany
2. Route as Flown. - Cromer – 20 miles NE of Heligoland – Bad Oldesloe – 4 miles N. of Rathenow – Berlin – 6 miles S. of Eberswalde – 6 miles N. of Ribnitz – Arnis – 20 miles NE of Heligoland - Cromer
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 5/10ths  B. En route - 4 – 6/10ths
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - seen  (b) Enroute - both
 Any Condensation Trails? - Dense, non-persistent
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: At Berlin flak was intense, good for altitude, but poor for deflection, and scattered white bursts among the black. The flak appeared to come up in several separate barrages and this group flew between these barrages.
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 Moderate barrage observed over Lübeck. Scattered, inaccurate bursts from I.P. to target. Moderate barrage over Rostock, Warnemünde area. Meager, accurate flak encountered at Eckenförde. Meager flak observed over Flensburg and Husum.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes  How discharged? 4 units every 10 seconds starting 2 minutes before I.P.
8. Position of Group - High group, 94th “A” CBW
9. Group – 351st High  A/C over enemy terr. – 18 A/C damaged – 6 A/C lost to flak – 0 Time over Target – 1355 
Time of bombs away – 1355 Height – 26,500’ Axis of attack – 80° Bomb run – 40 sec.
10. Comments - Phenomena: None



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report – “B” Box:

1. Target: Assigned - Berlin, Germany  Bombed - Kiel, Germany
2. Route as Flown. - Cromer – 20 miles North of Heligoland – Bad Oldesloe – Eutin – Kiel – 20 miles North of Heligoland - Cromer
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 6–7/10ths  B. En route - 4–6/10ths
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - seen (b) Enroute - both
Any Condensation Trails? - Dense, non-persistent
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: Flak at Kiel was intense and was fair for both height and deflection. The bursts were black, with a few scattered white. The white was the most accurate. Continuous following was believed used.
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
Moderate flak was observed over Heligoland and Hamburg, but this group was out of range of these installations. At Lübeck flak was moderate and accurate for both height and deflection.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes  How discharged? 4 units every 10 seconds starting 2 minutes before I.P.
8. Position of Group - High in 94th “B” CBW
9. Group – 351st High  A/C over enemy terr. – 14 A/C damaged – 1 A/C lost to flak – 0 Time over Target – 1345 Time of bombs away – 1345 Height – 25,400’ Axis of attack – 310° Mag. Bomb run – 50 sec.
10. Comments - Phenomena: None



Combat Crew Comments:

    508 Squadron
A/C 470-J: Wasteful use of ammunition on the way back on part of gunners of this Group who shot up their ammunition into the sea. – Lt. Zindar.

    509 Squadron
A/C 193-P: Our element leader was flying A/C 120; this ship is no good and you can’t fly formation with it. – Lt. Hicks.
A/C 384-T: The Scotch was excellent. – Crew.
A/C 202-Z: CBW assembly was very bad; left coast about 40 minutes late. – Lt. Viste.
A/C 576-C: Latrine needs cleaning badly. – Sgt. Taylor.

    510 Squadron
A/C 196-M: Better weather reconnaissance; we could have bombed priority targets. – Lt. Johnson.
A/C 560-A: Low Squadron flew out of position the entire mission. – Lt. Borchert.

    511 Squadron
A/C 472-H: Not enough flak suits for whole crew. – Crew.
A/C 066-O: Some CBW’s were using VHF too much with unnecessary chatter. – Lt. Zotollo.
A/C 748-V: Whole mission was screwed up. – Lt. Karagiannis.
  Bomb shackle on backwards, causing congestion when bombs away. – Lt. Pentecost.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Mission Summary Report – “A” Box:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-38028, 510th Squadron returned early as planned.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97492, 511th Squadron returned early as planned.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-39914, 509th Squadron. Flak hole through right outer wing panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Small flak hole underside of left wing outer panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Small flak hole underside of left horizontal stabilizer, skin damage only.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97193, 509th Squadron. Flak hole through right wing inner panel between #3 and #4 Engines. Skin, corrugation and E-5 valve line and bracket damaged. Small flak hole in skin of fuselage underside near ball turret. Flak hole underside of left wing, #2 tank damaged. Flak hole in underside of wing between #1 and #2 Engines, skin, corrugation and #1 tank damaged. Flak hole through left wing outer panel, skin, corrugation and Tokyo tank hit.
    3. Airplane No. 42-3120, 509th Squadron. Small flak hole through left flap. Small flak hole in skin of fuselage underside near ball turret. Flak hole in leading edge of right wing outer panel, skin, corrugation and spar damaged.
    4. Airplane No. 42-30857, 510th Squadron. Small flak hole underside of left wing outer panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Small flak hole between fuselage and #2 Engine, skin, corrugation and possible damaged fuel tank.
    5. Airplane No. 42-97191, 511th Squadron. Small flak hole forward of Navigator’s escape hatch, skin damage only. Flak hole through right wing outer panel, skin, corrugation and main spar damaged.
    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEDAMAGED BY FLAK
    555
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Mission Summary Report – “B” Box:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97157, 508th Squadron. Returned early because of a sick waist gunner.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97325, 508th Squadron. Returned early because of a leak in the tail gunner’s oxygen line. Investigation revealed a small hole in the tail gunner’s oxygen line. Cause of this hole is at present undetermined and is being investigated.
    3. Airplane No. 42-31757, 508th Squadron returned early because the Pilot could not locate the formation.
    4. Airplane No. 42-31702, 508th Squadron returned early because the Pilot could not locate the formation.
    5. Airplane No. 42-39835, 510th Squadron. Returned early because of a malfunctioning #2 supercharger.
    6. Airplane No. 42-31875, 511th Squadron, returned early. The Pilot reported a leak in the Oxygen system. Investigation revealed no leak whatsoever.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97202, 509th Squadron. Small flak tear in top of right stabilizer, skin damage only. Top turret dome nicked and cracked by cartridge links.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97318, 511th Squadron. Small flak hole aft of left waist gunner’s window, skin damage only. Small flak hole in leading edge of left wing outer panel, skin damage only.
    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEBY FLAKBY FRIEND
    2211
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report – High Combat Box – 94th “A” CBW:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 19 May, 1944.
    1. A/C 42-3120 - The A-2 release on the right inboard rack failed and bombs had to be released manually.
    2. A/C 42-31560 - Only four stations dropped in train; remainder were salvoed with a delay of two seconds. Investigation revealed that a defective A-2 release which has been replaced.
    3. A/C 42-38038 - The shackle trigger on the #1 station was not in the A-2 release far enough, bombs were released by hand.
    4. A/C 42-37845 - It was reported that the bomb bay doors would not close electrically. Investigation disclosed there was a burned out clutch in the bomb bay door motor.
    5. A/C 42-97318 - (All Electrical) The bombardier reports that the bomb bay door indicator light and the Pilot’s door indicator light would not light up. He also reports that he could not release in train. The salvo switch was used and bombs were dropped without delay in release. The A/C checked out satisfactorily on the ground. Investigation showed that the bomb bay doors were not fully opened; therefore, the lights could not light and the bombs could not be released in train. When the salvo switch was used, the doors were actuated and opened fully. After doors had opened completely, bombs released normally. This ship has not been touched and has worked satisfactorily on the last four missions. Previous to that, the same bombardier reported this same malfunction.
    6. A/C 42-38153 - Bombs could not be released in train, but were salvoed without delay. Investigation revealed a faulty Intervalometer.
    7. A/C 42-107216 - Four bombs dropped in train. All but three of the remainder were salvoed. No. 19 station hung up and the engineer released the remainder by tripping the A-2 release. Investigation showed that the right rack had bombs unsynchronized. Corrective measures have been taken.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Armament Report – High Combat Box – 94th “B” CBW:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 19 May, 1944.
    1. A/C 42-102613 – (All Electrical) The bomb bay doors would not open electrically, but had to be cranked down before bombs were jettisoned. This ship checks out satisfactorily, however, the bomb bay door motor will be replaced and the ship will be test flown at 30,000 feet for two hours before its next mission.
    2. A/C 42-38146 - Bomb bay doors would not open or close electrically. Doors were cranked down manually and bombs were dropped with no delay in release. This ship also checks out satisfactorily, but will have the bomb bay door motor replaced and tested at altitude.
    3. A/C 42-97202 - (All Electrical) Three stations dropped in train, but the remainder had to be salvoed. There was no delay in release. Investigation failed to disclose any defects.
    4. A/C 42-31748 - The shackle on the No. 3 rack was on backwards, therefore, the bomb did not release. Two bombs were returned to base. The armorer responsible for this malfunction has been disciplined.
  2. A total of six (6) all electrical ships participated in the Mission.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Expenditure of Ammunition:

1. The Station Ordnance Officer has reported the following expenditures for the Mission of 19 May, 1944.
a. 3,950 rounds of caliber .50 ammunition was expended by the “A” Box.
b. 3,250 rounds of caliber .50 ammunition was expended by the “B” Box.


[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer


Disposition of Bombs – High Combat Box, 94th “A” Combat Wing:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs loaded for the High Combat Box of the 94th “A” Combat Wing.

AIRCRAFTBOMBS
Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeType Fusing: Nose Tail
(Berlin)1816703100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
Total Bombs Dropped703100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
Bombs Brought Back (By Flying Spares)84100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
TOTAL BOMBS LOADED787100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous

NOTE: Two A/C over target but not bombing carried leaflets. Two smoke bombs were also dropped.

[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer



Disposition of Bombs:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs loaded for the High Combat Box of the 94th “B” Combat Wing.

AIRCRAFTBOMBS
Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeType Fusing: Nose Tail
(Keil)1413522100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
Target of Opportunity138100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
Total Bombs Dropped560100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
 Bombs Brought Back 247100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous
TOTAL BOMBS LOADED807100 lb.M-47-A1Instantaneous

NOTE: Two smoke bombs were also dropped.

[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer



Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. Following interrogation the following report on deficiencies and disabilities are hereby reported on mission dated 19 May, 1944.

    508th Bomb Sq.
F-2 suit burned out. – Sgt. Pierce. [A/C 42-31711]

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 8028 Squadron - 510   Pilot - Lt. Cesarini
Time of Abortive - 1127  Location when Aborted - 53°04’N-08°00’E [71 miles ENE of Cromer, England]
Reason - As ordered – Flying Spare
Disposition of Bombs: B.B. [Brought Back]
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 23,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: Flying Spare
[Signed] A.J. Cesarini, Lt., A.C [Air Corps]



Aircraft No. 42-39835 Squadron - 510   Pilot - Lt. Anderson
Time of Abortive - ____  Location when Aborted - ____
Reason - Supercharger out.
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] [No Signature]



Aircraft No. 1702 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Lt. Evans
Time of Abortive - 1110  Location when Aborted - Cromer
Reason - Couldn’t find group - Lead Nav. – mistake on time at Cromer.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 18,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: ____
[Signed] H. Evans



Aircraft No. 7325 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Lt. Nelson
Time of Abortive - 1145  Location when Aborted - 53°41’N-02°54’E [84 miles NE of Cromer, England]
Reason - Waist, tail, and radio position oxygen out. Found leak in line by tail position
Disposition of Bombs: 42 M47
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 21,500’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] [No Signature]



Aircraft No. P-875 Squadron - 511   Pilot - Lt. Lemley
Time of Abortive - 1130  Location when Aborted - English Coast
Reason - Right waist, ball turret, tail, & radio oxygen below 200#.
Disposition of Bombs: BB [Brought Back]
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 19,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks: Oxygen regulator broken.
[Signed] C. P. Lemley, 1st Lt., A.C. [Air Corps]



Aircraft No. 1757 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Lt. McLott
Time of Abortive - 1118  Location when Aborted - 53°17’N-03°20’E [87 miles ENE of Cromer, England]
Reason - Could not find formation
Disposition of Bombs: Brought Back
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 17,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] D.W. McLott



Aircraft No. 7157 Squadron - ___   Pilot - Lt. Nall
Time of Abortive - 1123  Location when Aborted - 8 min. off coast.
Reason - Waist gunner too sick to go on. Extreme air sickness with vomiting. Both his and the Engineer’s heated suit went out.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned them.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 18,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: The Wing was forming as we left formation. The Wing was 34 min. late.
[Signed] John L. Nall, 1st Lt., A.C. [Air Corps]



“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "A" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7066–O
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 7845–F, 9914–S, 7193–P, 7149–X, 3120–O
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 1721–S, 8038–R, 0857–J, 7196–M, 7077–D, 1560–A, (8028–Q Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7381–U, 8153–F, 7216–Y, 7191–X, 7318–S, 7472–H, (7492–B Spare)
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ____

    b. 94th "B" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 1757–G, 1702–A, 7325–H, 2613–C, 7157–N, 7349–B, 2470–J, (7492–B Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 7144–R, 1384–T, 7169–N, (7202–Z Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 1899–B, 9835–N, 2576–C, 7124–F
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 1714–R, 1748–V, 1875–P
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ____
  2. Target: GH-487
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T TFK  R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T SKV  R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T PFX  R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T JFN  R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. High Box: Taxi–0900; Take-Off –0910; E.T.D. Field–at T.O.
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    10346,500 Ft Cromer
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    123621,000 Ft 54°20'N-08°35'E [3 miles NW of Sankt Peter-Ording, Germany]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    151321,000 Ft 54°34'N-08°55'E [2.5 miles NW of Hattstedtermarsch, Germany]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    16576,000 Ft Cromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1722 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" High Box
    508 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
    509 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
    510 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
    511 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]


    Bomb load of Each A/C: "B" High Box
    508 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
    509 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
    510 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
    511 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 I.B.'s [Incendiary Bombs]
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2700 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. 94th "A" High Box: Name: Marvin A. Brooksby  Rank: Capt. A/C: 7381-U  Sqdn. 511th
    b. 94th "B" High Box: Name: D.G. Kelley/Winston Rank: Capt. A/C: 1899-B Sqdn. 510th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:
  16. "A" High Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508[7066–O]________5097845–F________
    9914–S________
    1725–L________
    7193–P________
    7149–X________
    5101721–S________5117381–U________
    8038–R________8153–F________
    0857–J________7216–Y________
    7196–M________7191–X________
    7077–D________7318–S________
    1560–A________7472–H________
    8028–Q Spare________9987–D________
    7492–B Spare________
  17. "B" High Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    5081757–G________5097144–R________
    1702–A________1384–T________
    7325–H________7169–N________
    2613–C________7202–Z Spare________
    7157–N________
    7349–B________
    2470–J________
    8146–D________
    1711–F Spare________
    5101899–B________5111714–R________
    9835–N________1748–V________
    2576–C________1875–P________
    7124–F________

    Report Compiled By Rocky Civizzio, T/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th CBW "A" High Box Formation Take–Off
509th Squadron
Brooksby
A/C 42-97381 U
Watkins
A/C 42-37845 F
Wroblewski
A/C 42-39914 S
Berardi
A/C 42-3120 O
Hicks
A/C 42-97193 P
Myers
A/C 42-97149 X
511th Squadron510th Squadron
Willard
A/C 42-38153 F
McIntrye
A/C 42-31721 S
Power
A/C 42-107216 Y
Miller
A/C 42-97191 X
Hopkins
A/C 42-38038 R
Auten
A/C 42-30857 J
Brooks
A/C 42-97318 S
Scarlett
A/C 42-97196 M
Smith
A/C 42-97472 H
Zotollo
A/C 42-97066 O
Crockett
A/C 42-107077 D
Brochert
A/C 42-31560 A
Belote
A/C 42-97492 B Spare
Cesarini
A/C 42-38028 Q Spare


94th CBW "A" High Box Formation Over–Target
509th Squadron
Brooksby
A/C 42-97381 U
Watkins
A/C 42-37845 F
Wroblewski
A/C 42-39914 S
Berardi
A/C 42-3120 O
Hicks
A/C 42-97193 P
Myers
A/C 42-97149 X
511th Squadron510th Squadron
Willard
A/C 42-38153 F
McIntrye
A/C 42-31721 S
Power
A/C 42-107216 Y
Miller
A/C 42-97191 X
Hopkins
A/C 42-38038 R
Auten
A/C 42-30857 J
Brooks
A/C 42-97318 S
Scarlett
A/C 42-97196 M
Smith
A/C 42-97472 H
Zotollo
A/C 42-97066 O
Crockett
A/C 42-107077 D
Brochert
A/C 42-31560 A


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1030  Briefing: 0600  Stations: 0840  Start Engines: 0850  Taxi: 0900  Take-off: 0910  Leave Base: 0910  [Breakfast: Gunners 0430 - Officers 0500]



94th CBW "B" High Box Formation Take–Off
510th Squadron
Kelly-Winton
A/C 42-31899 B
Anderson
A/C 42-39835 N
Peters
A/C 42-102576 C
Raser
A/C 42-107124 F
McLott
A/C 42-31757 G
Evans
A/C 42-31702 A
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Nelson
A/C 42-97325 H
Heller
A/C 42-31714 R
Johnson
A/C 42-102613 C
Nall
A/C 42-97157 N
Karagiannis
A/C 42-31748 V
Lemley
A/C 42-31875 P
Sengstock
A/C 42-97349 B
Emerson
A/C 42-97144 R
W.J. Condon
A/C 42-102470 J
Overholt
A/C 42-38146 D
Trombley
A/C 42-31384 T
Hatten
A/C 42-97169 N
Hales
A/C 42-31711 F Spare
Viste
A/C 42-97202 Z Spare


94th CBW "B" High Box Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
Kelly-Winton
A/C 42-31899 B
Hales
A/C 42-31711 F
Peters
A/C 42-102576 C
Raser
A/C 42-107124 F
This Vacancy Was Filled In By Triangle "S" A/C
Viste
A/C 42-97202 Z
508th Squadron511th Squadron
Sengstock
A/C 42-97349 B
Heller
A/C 42-31714 R
W.J. Condon
A/C 42-102470 J
Overholt
A/C 42-38146 D
Karagiannis
A/C 42-31748 V
Hatten
A/C 42-97169 N
Johnson
A/C 42-102613 C
Emerson
A/C 42-97144 R
Trombley
A/C 42-31384 T


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1030  Briefing: 0600  Stations: 0840  Start Engines: 0850  Taxi: 0900  Take-off: 0910  Leave Base: 0910  [Breakfast: Gunners 0430 - Officers 0500]

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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