351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #146

Credited Mission #140

 
DATE: 11 Jun. 1944
Target: Airdrome, Bernay, France
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.
  2. Time Schedule:
     ___ Box
    Stations   –0400
    Start Engines –0410
    Taxi     –0420
    Take Off   –0435
    Last Take Off –____

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Bernay Airdrome. Visual
    Secondary: GH [Radar Navigation System] - Secondary
    Last Resort: Any A/D [Airdrome] – convoy – military column, marshalling yard – rails to all bridges, concentration of troops or equipment recognized as enemy.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: 18 x 250 lb. GP
    351 “B”:
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: ___
  5. Gasoline Loading: 1800 gallons
    Remarks:

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead351st
    Low401st
    High457th

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead94th
    2nd1stTargets in vicinity of ours
    3rd40th ATargets in vicinity of ours
    4th40th BTargets in vicinity of ours
    5th40th CTargets in vicinity of ours
    6th
    7th
    8th
    2nd Division
    3rd Division
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: ____
  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      _________ General Area Support  Balance Two 

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    351st15,000'Deenethorpe Buncher
    401st13,500'Deenethorpe Buncher
    457th16,500'Deenethorpe Buncher

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Navigators, Bombardiers and Radio Operators:
    [A/C #] 845 – Long delay fuses.
    Base reference altitude – 18,000’.
    Fighter support, altitude, heading, geographical location, No. of enemy A/C.
    If second run is made order to discharge 144 units of chaff.
    Colonel flying with high Sqdn. Lead.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –In clear
    Visual Bombing -In clear
    Authenticator –Four roses
    Recall -Bacon-and-eggs
    Weather Code -TABVI
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st AWoodcraft RedRY
    351st B
    401st AWoodcraft WhiteR
    401st B
    457th AWoodcraft BlueG
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance One
    R.A.F. Fighters
     BombersVinegrove One
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    ___________
    ___________
    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800R-RRQN
    0800 – 1400RYFW

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. -
    2. - X-571, R-714
    3. - A-238, V-748
    4. -

  16. Let-Down on Deenethorpe Buncher, if overcast.
    351st A   015° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B   ___° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A   360° Mag.
    457th A   030° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields. Tangmere - 50°51’N-00°42’W
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
    P-47’s in vicinity of target and would like to be notified as soon as possible after bombs away.
    40th A force will cross our path at right angles between Splasher 9 & 10.


Operations Narrative:
  1. General Narrative. Twenty aircraft, including two flying spares and a GH [Radio Navigation Equipped] ship, took off at 0432 – 0448 hours. The 351st was scheduled to fly as Lead Group of the 94th Combat Wing, which was briefed to be the Lead Wing of the First Division.
     Group and combat wing assembly were made over the Deenethorpe buncher, with the lead group at the briefed altitude of 15,000 feet. The high and low groups were at their briefed altitudes of 16,500 feet and 13,500 feet, respectively, during the assembly. The complete assembly was carried out without difficulty.
     Departure from the Deenethorpe buncher was made at 0549 – one minute early. With the exception of the first twenty minutes of the mission, the briefed route was closely followed. A very slight variation was made to the east of course between Deenethorpe and a point west of London.
     Departure from the English coast was made one minute late and on course. The French coast was crossed three minutes late at 14,000 feet. The briefed course was being closely followed, and it appeared as though visual bombing could be used. However, cloud over the target made it impossible to sight on the target. A 270° rectangular turn to the left was made in order to permit an approach from the east which, in turn, would allow bombing by the GH equipment. Bombs were dropped on this second run. Results were not observed.
     As a result of the aforementioned maneuver, the formation was thirty-one minutes late in bombing. The briefed route was followed on the withdrawal and the time was gradually made up, the English coast being reached nine minutes late and Base, three minutes late. The return route was flown without incident.
     Opposition by enemy aircraft was nil. Meager and inaccurate flak was observed near Granville.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. The two aircraft scheduled as flying spares returned to base as planned when there were no unfilled positions in the formation.
     The remaining eighteen aircraft continued on the mission as indicated in the General Narrative.
     An accidental release by one aircraft, just after the newly selected IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], was responsible for the bombs of three aircraft being dropped too soon.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the mission of 11 June, 1944.
  4. Combat Wing Air Commander. Colonel Eugene A. Romig led the 94th Combat Wing in the GH aircraft leading the Division.

STATISTICAL SUMMARY
No. of A/C Scheduled 17
No. of A/C Taking Off17
No. of A/C Attacking17
No. of A/C Not Attacking0
No. of Sorties17
No. of A/C Lost0

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Bombardier’s Narrative:

Group: 351st Low Group
Target: Bernay/St. Martin, France
Method of Bombing: GH [Radio Navigation]
Altitude: 14,000’
Direction of Attack: 285° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 325°
Wind Velocity: 50K
Bombardier’s Narrative: The 351st Bombardment Gp.(H) bombed on the G.H. ship flying with this Group. Bombs were away at 0729 hours on a magnetic heading of 285°.

[Signed:] Henry [Harry] Hamel, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Deputy Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Hamel, Henry [Harry]  Pilot - 1st Lt. Brooks, Richard H. Navigator - 1st Lt. Maltby, Edward B.
Aircraft B-17G   381  Take-off - 0433 Landed - 1007
Objective - Bernay/St. Martin, France
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As ordered
Initial Point -As ordered
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 18   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: G.H.
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 250 LB. AN M-57 G.P. [General Purpose]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 18   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - G.H. On
Information at Release Point: Bombs were dropped on G.H. ship. [When G.H. ship dropped its bombs]

Altitude of Target - 476’Magnetic Heading Ordered 142° Actual 285°
True Altitude Above Target - 14,365’True Heading ___°
Indicated Altitude - 15,000Drift, Estimated 6° Left - Actual 17° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +619True Track 269°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 10,813'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - G.H. in Lead ship.
True Air Speed - 191 M.P.H.Time of Release 0729
Ground Speed Est. 256 Actual 148Length of Bombing Run -7 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 340° Actual - 325°Intervalometer Setting - Train
Wind Velocity Metro 69 Actual 50K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 168.6  Trail - 70   ATF - 31.44A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .71 Actual .54 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - No
Mean Temp. Metro ½ Actual ½
Winds - Altitude - 14,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 340°  Actual 325°  Velocity - Metro 69  Actual 50K
Temp C. - Metro -16° C. Actual -16° C.



Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Armament Report:
  1. The following malfunctions were reported on Mission of 11 June, 1944:
    1. A/C 42-31238 – Bombs were released prematurely, approximately ten minutes before the target. Intervalometer was set up and toggle switch caged. Inspection of the ship on return showed that bombs had been released mechanically in salvo. The ship showed no defects.
    2. A/C 42-37845 – Bombs on the right rack and one on the left rack dropped as briefed. The remaining eight bombs were jettisoned in the Wash [A large inlet 42 miles NE of Polebrook] because they had been fused with anti-withdrawal fuses. The ship checks out OK, however the Intervalometer and A-2 release are being replaced.
    3. Nine (9) all electrical aircraft were used.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Disposition of Bombs:

1. Following is the disposition of bombs on the Mission of 11 June, 1944.

AIRCRAFTBOMBS
Main BombfallOver TargetBombingNumberSizeTypeFusing: NoseTail
(Bernay)1717209250 lb.GP1/101/40
8250 lb.GP12 Hr.Delay
2250 lb.GP36 Hr.Delay
Total Bombs Dropped219250 lb.GP1/101/40
Other Expenditures:
Jettisoned in France22250 lb.GP1/101/40
Brought Back by Flying Spare36250 lb.GP1/101/40
Jettisoned in Channel1250 lb.GP1/101/40
5250 lb.GP12 Hr.Delay
1250 lb.GP36 Hr.Delay
1250 lb.GP72 Hr.Delay
TOTAL BOMBS LOADED329250 lb.GP
NOTE: GH A/C is not included in the above data.
[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer



Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. Following interrogation, the following deficiencies and disabilities were noted:
508th Bomb Sq.
A/C B-349 - F-1 suit burned out. – Lt. Carbone.

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer



Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 193 Squadron - 509th   Pilot - Trombley, R.J.
Time of Abortive - 0639  Location when Aborted - 50°18’N-00°23’E. [Mid-Channel]
Reason - Flying Spare
Disposition of Bombs: ____
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ___
Remarks: FLYING SPARE
[Signed] R.J. Trombley, 2nd Lt.



Aircraft No. 384 Squadron - 509th   Pilot - Sutton, Richard
Time of Abortive - 0620  Location when Aborted - At 13,000 feet, climbing to join formation over Deenethorpe.
Reason - #2 Engine failure – Manifold pressure fell to 28” – Flames from top cylinder coming from nacelle.
Disposition of Bombs: Brought back.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 13,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] R. Sutton



“J” Form:
  1. Call Letter and Last Four numbers of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7066–O, 7349–B, 7798–H, 7843–C, 7534–L, 2971–J
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6078–G, 0499–Q, 7169–N, 6108–Y, 7845–F*, (1384–T, 7193–P Spares)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 7124–F
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7381–U, 7571–X, 1714–R, 1748–V, 1238–A
    G.H. Sqdn 360 A/C: 7405–H
    *(7845–F - Delay Fuses)
  2. Target: Z-659
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T KHP R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T NST R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T SMJ R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T JFJ R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0420; Take-Off – 0435; E.T.D. Field – 0435
    b. ____ Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    063015,000 Ft Beachy Head
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    064515,000 Ft 49°50'N-00°32'E [Saint-Martin-aux-Buneaux, France]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    080515,000 Ft 49°00'N-03°00'E [31 miles ENE of Paris, France]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    090015,000 Ft Portland Bill
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1007 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Low Box
    508 Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail [Fuses] (7845-F Delay Fuses)
    510 Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: 18 x 250 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail [Fuses]
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 1800 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: E.A. Romig Rank: Col. A/C: 7405-H  Sqdn. 360th
    b. ____ Box: Name: ___ Rank: ___ A/C: ___ Sqdn. ___
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    E.W, Maschmeyer Col. 7066-O 508th

Report Compiled By J.C. Meusing, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
Lead Group Formation Take–Off and Over Target
511th Squadron
Romig–Moreau
A/C 42-97405 H GH
Power
A/C 43-37571 X
Brooks
A/C 42-97381 U
Heller
A/C 42-31714 R
Karagiannis
A/C 42-31238 A
Woodrum
A/C 42-31748 V
509th Squadron508th Squadron
Watkins–Berardi
A/C 44-6078 G
Overholt
A/C 42-97066 O
Overmeyer
A/C 42-97169 N
McAfee
A/C 42-30499 Q
McLott
A/C 42-97798 H
Taylor
A/C 42-97349 B
Dawson–Keese
A/C 44-6108 Y
Nall
A/C 42-97843 C
Guthrey
A/C 42-37845 F
McCall
A/C 42-97202 Z
Hales
A/C 42-102971 J
Pattison
A/C 43-37534 L
Sutton
A/C 42-31384 T Spare
Trombley
A/C 42-97193 P Spare
(Spares returned early.)



Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0700 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0145  Stations: 0400  Start Engines: 0410  Taxi: 0420  Take-off: 0435  Leave Base: 0435 [Breakfast: 0045]

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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