351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #155

Credited Mission #149

 
DATE: 21 Jun. 1944
Target:  Berlin, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.
  2. Time Schedule:
     Low Box
    Stations   –0440 0435
    Start Engines –0450 0445
    Taxi     –0500 0455
    Take Off   –   0510
    Last Take Off –   0632

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Berlin [Germany]
    Secondary:
    Last Resort: Any military installation. In Germany.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: 8 x 500 GP [General Purpose] & 2 x M-17 IB’s [Incendiary Bombs] 1/10 1/40 [Fuses]
    351 “B”: G-078 & Y-216 Carry delay bombs
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - L-515 Fultz (Pilot)
    Chaff: 288 units from 1 min. before IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] for 12 min. + extra

  5. Gasoline Loading: 2700 gallons
    Remarks:

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead351st457th
    Low351st457th401st (41 CBW)
    High401st457th

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead94 ABerlin
    2nd1 ABerlin
    3rd1 BBerlin
    4th94 BBerlin
    5th41 ABerlin
    6th41 BBerlin
    7th41 CBerlin
    8th40 ABerlin
    9th40 BBerlin
    2nd DivisionBerlin
    3rd DivisionBerlinexcept 3 CBW’s Rouhland [Ruhland?]
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]900 Lancs [Lancaster Bombers] to Berlin

    Remarks: Poor Bastards!!

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      4 Grps. P-47’s, 1 Grp. P-51’s, & 2 Grps. P-38’s   Balance 2-1 to 2-7 
      2nd Div.- 2 Grps. P-47’s, 4 Grps. P-38’s, & 1Grp. P-51’s   Balance 3-1 to 3-7 
      3rd Div. – 3 Grps. P-47’s, 1 Grp. P-38’s, & 2 Grps. P-51’s   Balance Bal. 1-1 to 1-3 & Bal. 4-1 to 4-3 
      Lancs – 4 Grps. P-47’s, 5 Grps. P-51’s, & 2 Wings of RAF P-51’s     

  9. Group Assembly:
    BoxAltitudePlace
    Lead5,000'Glatton Buncher
    Low3,500'Glatton Buncher
    Low Sep. Sqd. (High Box)6,500'Cottesmore

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
    Intervalometer setting – 100 ft.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –Grab Bag
    Visual Bombing -____
    Authenticator –Red Dog
    Recall -Tin Pan Alley
    Weather Code -ITVAB
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st AWoodcraft RedRY [Red Yellow]
    351st BWoodcraft BrownR [Red]
    401st AHi – Woodcraft WhiteG [Green]
    401st B
    457th AWoodcraft Blue
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance Two
    R.A.F. Fighters
     BombersVinegrove 2-1
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    [Q - Kings Lynn]P - Kiel
    [1 - Cromer]O - Hamburg
    [2 - 5430-0800 E]W - Ulzen [Uelzen]
    [3 - 5335-1055 E (Penetration)]E – Muritz Lake
    [4 - 5335-1055 E (Withdrawal)]R - Magdeburg
    H - Berlin
    I – Stettin [Szczecin, Poland now]
    T - Cottbus
    Remarks:

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800RGVY
    0800 – 1400RRJG
    1400 – 2000YYCP

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. -
    2. - H-952, B-082, B-349, D-146
    3. - 8 AF – C-843, F-711, K-139, U-381. 9 AF – N-727, F-124, D-524
    4. - All except Z-601, Y-600, Q-879, C-087 [G-078?] with 9 AF Crystals.

  16. Let-Down on Glatton Buncher, if overcast.
    351st A   55° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B   40° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A   Hi - 70° Mag.
    401st B   B Wing on Cottesmore.
    457th A  
    457th B  

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields.
    3. Landing Aids.


  18. Special Instructions:
    1. Until further notice, A/C are to avoid flying over the London inner artillery zone.
    2. Mosquito (Maypole 1) weather to Gen. Lacy on Channel B at 0 +186. We pass it on to following wings. 3. Anyone with trouble can fall back to following wings. Last chance – Lancs. [British Lancaster Bombers]


Operations Narrative:
  1. General Narrative.  (Lead Box) Nineteen aircraft, including two PFF ships and one flying spare, took off at 0505 – 0536 hours and made good the assembly over the Glatton buncher at 6,000 feet. The assembly was made in the normal way, with no difficulties being encountered. The Lead group was in formation at the time of departure from the buncher. The High Box was in position and the Low Box was forming quickly at the time of departure for Point A. The route over England was flown as briefed and departure was made on course and on time. The High and Low Boxes fell behind on the route to the enemy coast. Airspeed was reported by both Lead and Low Boxes as being 170 at the time. The wing was in good formation soon after the bombing altitude was reached. The route to the target was flown exactly as briefed, with only a small deviation to avoid possible flak areas. The enemy coast was entered four minutes early and the target was reached two minutes early.
     Bombing was done visually after a PFF run in to the target from the briefed IP [Intial Point of Bomb Run]. Results were good.
     Slight difficulty was encountered in the rally when a belt of cirrus fog was found lying over the target at the briefed altitude. However, the wing soon made a good formation and the withdrawal was made according to the flight plan.
     Flak was moderate to intense at the target, most of the bursts being below the formation. The PFF equipment was turned off ten miles from the target to avoid the possibility of the enemy using its transmission to determine the correct altitude of the formation. Many enemy aircraft were seen but there were no attacks on the wing.
     No difficulties were encountered for the remainder of the mission. Base was reached after an SOP [Standard Operating Procedure] let down on the Glatton buncher. Landings were carried out at 1327 – 1345 hours.

    (Low Box) The assembly of the Low Group was planned to be an SOP [Standard Operating Procedure] assembly at the Glatton buncher at 3,500 feet. There was a delay in the take-off when the Group Leader had to change ships. Take off was at 0506 – 0555. Due to the time lost in doing this, the Low Group Leader arrived at the Glatton buncher as the combat wing formation was ready to leave.
     The position of the Low Group Leader was taken and the Low Group completed forming as the departure from the buncher was started.
     The Low Box was in trail of the Lead Box along the course over England. This position was maintained until the enemy coast was reached, and then a tight wing formation was flown. The briefed course was flown until the IP was reached. At that point the Low Group made a wider turn than the Lead Group in order to get into a trailing position for visual bombing. A visual bomb run was made, but because of smoke and clouds over the briefed MPI [Mean Point of Impact] the Low Group was forced to pick an alternate MPI and bombed with good results.
     After bombs away, the Low Group made a right turn and started a descent from 26,000 feet to 24,500 feet. At that altitude the formation leveled off and proceeded to close up on the Lead Group and reassemble into combat wing formation. After assembly into wing formation the briefed course was followed to the enemy coast, where the descent was started.
     The English coast was crossed at 8,000 feet, the formation proceeding to the Glatton buncher where the Low Group made an SOP instrument let down on a heading of 40° magnetic. After getting through the overcast, the Low Group proceeded to base where all ships landed safely at 1329 – 1347 hours.
    (Squadron) Six aircraft were scheduled to fly as the Low Squadron of the High Group of the 94th “B” Combat Wing.  Assembly was carried out as briefed and departure from the assembly point and joining the combat wing formation was completed without difficulty.
     The formation flown from the IP until bombs away was fair. A descent was started from 29,000 feet to 26,300 feet for bombing. The bombing pattern was not observed as the target was covered by smoke.
     No fighter opposition was encountered and the fighter support was very good.
     The Low Squadron of the High Group left the 94th “B” Combat Wing at the English coast and returned directly to base.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. (Lead). Aircraft 42-38146, pilot Lt. Reish, returned from 54°21’N-08°44’E [4.5 miles NE of Sankt Peter-Ording, Germany] with the report that the #2 supercharger was oscillating at altitude. Engineering reports that the aircraft checked out satisfactorily after a test flight was made. Sortie.
    Aircraft 42-97144, pilot Lt. Walters, landed in Sweden when he had engine trouble on the route to the target.
    Aircraft 42-107216, pilot Lt. Sutton, returned from 53°22’N-03°06’E [Mid-Channel] as planned. This aircraft was scheduled as a flying spare.
    (Low). Aircraft 42-31509, pilot Lt. Hurley, returned from 54°27’N-07°25’E [North Sea 66 miles West of Husum, Germany] and reported that the #3 engine oil pressure had dropped.
    Aircraft 42-97196, pilot Lt. Keller, returned from 53°28’N-03°28’E [Mid-Channel] with the report that the #4 engine oil pressure had dropped.
    Aircraft 42-97318, pilot Lt. Bland, returned from 54°20’N-07°00’E [North Sea 84 miles West of Husum, Germany] with the report that the #1 engine had started throwing oil. The engine was immediately feathered.
    (Composite) Aircraft 42-30994, pilot Lt. Petersen, returned from 52°51’N-00°24’E [Above The Wash 7 miles North of King's Lynn] and reported an oxygen leak. Engineering reports that no defects have been found.
  3. Aircraft Attacking. The remaining aircraft continued on the mission as indicated in the General Narrative. Number of attacking aircraft are indicated on the Statistical Summary by formations.
  4. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost due to enemy action on the mission of 21 June, 1944. However, Aircraft 42-97144, pilot Lt. Walters, was reported to have landed in Sweden after having engine trouble on the route into the target.
  5. Combat Wing Air Commander. Brigadier General Julius K. Lacey, flying in Aircraft 42-97601, led the 94th “A” Combat Wing formation, which was the Lead Formation of the First Division.
    Captain Donald E. Floden, flying in Aircraft 42-107005 [They changed from A/C 42-31879], led the Low Group of the 94th “A” Combat Wing.
    Lt. Raymond J. Trombley, flying in Aircraft 42-97193, led the Squadron flying in the Composite Formation of the 94th “B” Combat Wing.

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Statistical Summary:

351st BOMB GROUPPFF A/CTOTAL
Low Sqdn. ofWithWith
Lead BoxLow BoxComposite Box351th Group457th Group
No. of A/C Scheduled171862144
No. of A/C Failed to Take Off000000
No. of A/C Taking Off171862144
No. of A/C Taking Off Less Unused Spares161862143
No. of A/C Attacking141552137
No. of A/C Not Attacking231006
Name of Primary Target (PFF)-----------Berlin, Germany----------
No. of A/C Attacking Primary (PFF)141552137
No., Size & Type Of Bombs101 x 500 [lb] GP120x500GP40x500GP11x500GP8x500GP280x500GP
24x500IB30x500IB10x500IB4x500IB2x500IB70x500IB
2 Skymarkers2 Skymarkers
Bombs Brought Back19x500GP16x500GP8x500GP0043x500GP
5x500IB4x500IB2x500IB0011x500IB
Bombs Jettisoned8x500GP8x500GP00016x500GP
3x500IB2x500IB0005x500IB
Total Bombs Loaded128x500GP144x500GP48x500GP11x500GP8x500GP339x500GP
32x500IB36x500IB12x500IB4x500IB2x500IB86x500IB
No. of A/C Lost (Landed in Sweden)100001
[GP - General Purpose Bomb  IB - Incendiary Bomb]

8 G-44 Nickel bombs [Propaganda Leaflet "Bombs"] also dropped on Primary Target.




Bombardier’s Narrative – 94th “A” Wing Lead Box:

Group: 351st
Target: Berlin, Germany
Method of Bombing: Visual
Altitude: 27,000’
Direction of Attack: 265° Magnetic Heading
Wind Direction: 292°
Wind Velocity: 37 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: Flak was heavy but not very accurate on the bombing run. C-1 pilot [Autopilot] was used with a good run. Target was hard to find due to clouds and haze. Briefed A.P. was used and bombs were away at 1006 hours. A normal turn was made at the I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run].

[Signed:] Manuel J. Giswein, Jr., 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – 94th “A” Wing Low Box:

Group: 351st
Target: Berlin, Germany
Method of Bombing: Visual
Altitude: 26,000’
Direction of Attack: 242° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 292°
Wind Velocity: 37 MPH
Bombardier’s Narrative: Flak was heavy but not very accurate on the bombing run. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used. Briefed A.P. [Aiming Point] could not be seen due to smoke and clouds. 080051 on Illus. 6(D)(V) 17/6, Target #GH 487 was used as alternate A.P. with good results. Bombs were away at 1007 hours. Turn at the I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was normal

[Signed:] Robert E. Lee, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – 94th “A” Wing Lead Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Manuel J. Giswein, Jr.  Pilot - 1st Lt. Lee H. Dennis Navigator - 2nd Lt. William F. Washburn
Aircraft B-17G   601-Z  Take-off - 0505 Landed - 1327
Objective - Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 18   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 LB. G.P.’s [General Purpose] & 500 LB. I.B.’s [Incendiary Bombs] M-17
Number of Bombs Loaded - 8 – G.P.’s & 2 – I.B.’s   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 115Magnetic Heading Ordered 267° Actual 265°
True Altitude Above Target - 27,373'True Heading 269°
Indicated Altitude - 27,000Drift, Estimated 4° Left - Actual 4° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +40True Track 265°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 15,052.38'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 233 M.P.H.Time of Release 1006
Ground Speed Est. 260 Actual 228Length of Bombing Run - 12 Minutes
Wind Direction Metro - 50° Actual - 292°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 31 Actual 37 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 120.7  Trail - 63   ATF - 43.90A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .55 Actual .47 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Good
Mean Temp. Metro -8.5 Actual -8.5
Winds - Altitude - 27,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 50°  Actual 292°  Velocity - Metro 31  Actual 37
Temp C. - Metro -36° C. Actual -32° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – 94th “A” Wing Low Box:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Robert E. Lee  Pilot - Captain Donald E. Floden Navigator - 1st Lt. William D. Badger
Aircraft #  Take-off - 0555  Landed - 1329
Objective - Berlin, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Alternate A.P. [Aiming Point] (080051 on Illus. 6(D)(V) 17/6)
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 18    Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - ONE
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 LB. G.P.’s [General Purpose] & 500 LB. I.B.’s [Incendiary Bombs] M-17
Number of Bombs Loaded - 8 – G.P.’s & 2 – I.B.’s    Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10    Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:   Briefed A.P. [Aiming Point] covered by smoke

Altitude of Target - 115'Magnetic Heading Ordered 267° Actual 242°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,373'True Heading 246°
Indicated Altitude - 26,000Drift, Estimated 4° Left - Actual 9° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +40True Track 237°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 14,481.75’
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 230 M.P.H.Time of Release 1007
Ground Speed Est. 255 Actual 209Length of Bombing Run - 8 Minutes
Wind Direction Metro - 50° Actual -292 °Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 31 Actual 37 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] X [Used]
D.S. - 133.3  Trail - 62   ATF - 43.00A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .54 Actual .48 Manual Pilot _____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Fair
Mean Temp. Metro -8.5 Actual -8.5
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 50° Actual 292° Velocity - Metro 31 Actual 37
Temp C. - Metro -34° C. Actual -32° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the lead and low boxes of this Group was the central area of the city of Berlin, Germany. Photo coverage was only fair due to haze and cloud formations.
  2. The bombs of the lead box fell in a heavy concentration in the area of the Friedrichstrasse Stations. This area is fully built up and is the industrial and commercial center of the city. There are hits on both ends of the Friedrichstrasse Station, and hits on other buildings. Several hits are seen on Unter den Linden. Damage in the area should be heavy and later photos show evidence of fire. The pattern is 2,772 feet by 1,840 feet with the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] 1,200 feet to the right of the briefed MPI.
  3. Because of haze and cloud the lead bombardier of the Low Box selected an alternate A.P. [Aiming Point]. The bombs of this box hit approximately ¾ of a mile NE of Tempelhof A/D [Aerodrome]. The area is about 70% built up. Four bombs landed on the main road leading from the A/D. The pattern is 2,447 feet by 2,000 feet.
  4. One squadron of this group flew with the composite High Box. Photos show the bombs of this box scattered over a wide area. The district is mainly residential and is five miles ESE of the center of the city.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence] Officer


Intelligence S-2 Report – 94th “A” and 6 A/C 94th Composite “B”:
  1. 8 type G-44 leaflet bombs were dropped over the target.
  2. Preliminary study of strike photos indicate that the lead group dropped its bombs in the area of Friedrichstrasse Station. Damage should be severe. The low group dropped its bombs ¾ of a mile N of Templehof A/F [Air Field], an alternate aiming point.
  3. The lead and low boxes put up by this group encountered no opposition from enemy A/C [Aircraft] although crews reported that the combat wings following our formation were attacked by approximately 25 to 40 single engined and twin engined (including twin boomed planes—possibly FW 189’s) enemy A/C between the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] and target. Fifteen to 20 single engined A/C were observed at 0915 near Müritz Lake. No combat claims are being submitted by this group.
  4. At the target, flak was moderate to intense, accurate for lead groups and fairly accurate for low and composite groups. Both barrage and continuous following fire control were used. High white bursts and some very large black bursts were observed. Meager to moderate, inaccurate flak was observed at Westerhaver [Westerhever], Kaiser Wilhelm Canal (54° 13’ N, 09° 30’ E), Kiel, Neumünster, Lübeck, Schwerin, Rechlin.
  5. Undercast enroute to target was 10/10ths, clearing to scattered cumulus (2-3/10ths) at 5,000 feet over the target.
  6. Large columns of black smoke were seen rising to a height of 10,000 feet over Hamburg. Smoke screens were employed at Lübeck and Stettin [Szczecin, Poland now].
  7. This group furnished 3 PFF ships, two to the 94th “A” Combat Wing and one to the 94th “B” Combat Wing. These were employed for navigational purposes, bombing being done visually. Fighter support was good. Seven crew members of A/C 499-O [42-30499], low box, bailed out over Holland after two engines failed due to flak damage. This A/C was brought back by the pilot, co-pilot and navigator and an emergency landing was made at Briccles [Beccles]. A/C 144-R [42-97144], lead box, according to a radio message received at base attempted a landing in Sweden after having developed engine trouble over the Danish peninsula enroute to target.
[Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Captain, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report:

1. Target: Assigned - Berlin [Germany] Bombed - Berlin [Germany]
2. Route as Flown. - 2. As briefed
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 4 – 5/10 cloud   B. En route - 10/10 cloud, becoming 2-3/10 cloud E. of 06° East
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - seen (b) Enroute - generally seen
 Any Condensation Trails? - Dense, persistent in target area
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: 5. Intense and accurate for lead and composite boxes, moderate to intense and fairly accurate for Low Box. Both barrage and continuous following fire control were employed. Ordinary black bursts, large black bursts with bright red flashes and high white bursts were observed.
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 Westerhever, 0643, 22,500’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Kaiser Wilhelm Canal, (54° 13’ N, 09° 30’ E) 0644, 22,500’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Kiel, 0844, 22,500’ – moderate, observed.
 Neumünster, 0845, 22,500’ – moderate, inaccurate.
 Hamburg, 0850, 24,000’ – meager, observed.
 Lübeck, 0850, 24,000’ – moderate, observed.
 Schwerin, 0855, 25,000’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Rechlin, 1037, 26,000’ – meager, observed.
 Heligoland, 1135, 22,000’ – meager, observed.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes How discharged? Starting 1 minute before IP.
8. Position of Group - Lead, Low, and Composite Low.
9. Group – Lead A/C over enemy terr. – 16, A/C damaged – 15, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – 1006, 
Time of bombs away – 1006, Height – 27,800’, Axis of attack – 280° Mag. Bomb run – 12 Min.
  Low A/C over enemy terr. – 18, A/C damaged – 9, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – 1007, 
Time of bombs away – 1007, Height – 26,000’, Axis of attack – 229° Mag. Bomb run – 8 Min.
  Composite A/C over enemy terr. – 5, A/C damaged – 3, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – 1019, 
Time of bombs away – 1019, Height – 25,500’, Axis of attack – 274° Mag. Bomb run – ____
  [Total] A/C over enemy terr. – 39, A/C damaged – 27, A/C lost to flak – 0, 10. Comments - Phenomena: None



Combat Crew Comments:

1. Following are the comments made by combat crew members at the interrogation of today’s mission:

    508th Squadron.
A/C 843-C: Rations were good for a change. – Entire Crew.
A/C 534-L: Need more food in ship. – Lt. Wright.

    509th Squadron.
A/C 193-P: Lt. Jizmejian seems to be unable to fly formation; someone should go up with him and find out what the trouble is. – Lt. Trombley and Crew.
A/C 077-W: Urine tube is improperly placed. Whenever used, the ball turret’s vision is obscured by the spray. This only occurs in new ships as the tube extends out of plane two or four feet behind turret. – Sgt. Recor.

    510th Squadron.
A/C 560-A: [Documents show that Lt Fultz piloted A/C 515-L] One egg and a piece of French toast is not enough breakfast to fly on; enlisted men are definitely not getting enough food before missions. – Lt. Fultz.
A/C 576-C: This is the third time crew had to wait over one to two hours for transportation to take us to interrogation. – Lt. Olson.

    511th Squadron.
A/C 046-Z: Enlisted Men are not getting proper food after a mission.

[Signed] Stephen R. Callahan, Captain, Air Corps, Ass’t Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Mission Summary Report – Lead Box:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-38146, 508th Squadron returned early. The Pilot reported that #2 Supercharger oscillated and ran away at altitude. Both the ground check and the flight check revealed no defects whatsoever. (Personnel)
    2. Airplane No. 42-107216, 511th Squadron returned early as planned.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 43-37727, 508th Squadron. Two flak holes in plexiglass nose section. Two inch flak hole in right wing underside outer panel; skin, corrugation and main spar damaged. Right flap torn by flak behind #3 Engine; skin and corrugation were damaged.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97843, 508th Squadron. Small flak hole through vertical stabilizer, skin damage only. Flak went through leading edge of left wing just outside #1 Engine and out on top of leading edge. No internal damage.
    3. Airplane No. 43-37534, 508th Squadron. Flak entered leading edge of right stabilizer and came out near elevator leading edge underside; skin and channel damaged. Three very small flak holes in skin of left wing outer panel near trailing edge. Small flak hole between #2 Engine and fuselage; skin, corrugation and fuel hose damaged.
    4. Airplane No. 42-97349, 508th Squadron. Left waist window cracked by flak. Small flak hole through outer panel of left wing, skin and corrugation damaged. Two small flak holes right flap behind #3 Engine, skin and corrugation damaged.
    5. Airplane No. 42-31711, 508th Squadron. Aileron of left wing torn by flak. Small flak hole underside of left wing outer panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Small flak hole in skin of fuselage below pilot’s window.
    6. Airplane No. 42-97926, 509th Squadron. Two flak holes through left wing outer panel, skin, corrugation and two Tokyo tanks were damaged. Flak hole through left wing inner panel, near #1 Engine, skin, corrugation and aileron cable and tube damaged. Two flak holes in trailing edge of left wing inner panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Three flak holes through right wing outer panel, skin, corrugation and fabric of aileron damaged. Small flak hole through fabric of right aileron. Two flak holes on the underside of chin turret, skin damage only.
    7. Airplane No. 42-37595, 509th Squadron. Two small flak holes on the underside of chin turret, skin damage only. Small flak hole in leading edge of right wing near fuselage, skin damage only.
    8. Airplane No. 44-6077, 509th Squadron. Small tear in left elevator fabric. Two small flak holes in trailing edge of right wing topside, behind #4 Engine, skin and corrugation damaged. Fabric of rudder torn by flak. Small flak hole underside of #4 Engine nacelle, skin damage only.
    9. Airplane No. 42-107124, 510th Squadron. Fabric of right elevator torn by flak, framework also damaged. Flak hole through right wing behind #4 Engine near trailing edge, skin and corrugation damaged. Flak hole near leading edge of right wing outer panel, spar, vent line and Tokyo tank damaged. Small flak hole in right bomb bay door, skin and channel damaged. Two flak holes near #3 Engine underside, skin, corrugation, ducts and spar damaged.
    10. Airplane No. 42-31560, 510th Squadron. Small flak hole through right wing tip, skin and corrugation damaged. Flak hole through right stabilizer, skin and bulkhead damaged. Flak hole in leading edge of right wing outer panel, skin, corrugation, Tokyo tank vent lines and electrical wiring damaged. Very small flak hole through base of dorsal fin, skin damage only.
    11. Airplane No. 43-37515, 510th Squadron. Left landing light lens cracked by flak. Small flak hole in leading edge of wing near left landing light lens, skin, bulkhead and vent lines damaged.
    12. Airplane No. 42-97952 [Should be 42-97252], 510th Squadron. Top turret dome cracked by flak. Small flak hole in right side of fuselage just below top turret, skin and stringer damaged. Flak hole on top of #3 engine nacelle, skin and ignition wiring of #3 cylinder damaged. Right aileron torn by flak. Trim tab of left aileron torn from frame. Flak hole through right stabilizer, skin and bulkhead damaged. Small flak hole in leading edge of right wing underside, skin, corrugation and Tokyo tank damaged. Flak hole underside of wing near #4 Engine, skin, corrugation and main spar damaged. Flak hole underside of Navigator’s compartment near escape hatch, skin and hydraulic line were damaged. Rudder fabric torn by flak. Small flak hole in left bomb bay door, skin and stringer damaged. Small flak hole just below left waist window.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEDAMAGED BY FLAK
    121212
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97196, 510th Squadron, returned early. The Pilot stated that there was low oil pressure on #2 and #4 Engines. Airplane was test hopped and #2 Engine checked out satisfactorily, but the oil pressure on #4 Engine was low (forty pounds) and the temperature high (100°). (Mechanical)
    2. Airplane No. 42-31509, 510th Squadron returned early because of low oil pressure on #3 Engine. Investigation revealed a pitted and rusty check valve. The valve was replaced and airplane test flown with satisfactory results. (Mechanical)
    3. Airplane No. 42-97318, 511th Squadron returned early because #1 cylinder on #1 Engine had sheared its hold-down studs and raised the cylinder from the crankcase section approximately one inch, this condition resulted in engine failure. (Mechanical)
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31714, 511th Squadron. Two small flak holes in leading edge of right wing near #4 Engine, skin and corrugation were damaged.
    2. Airplane No. 42-102952, 511th Squadron. Flak hit #3 propeller and nicked it to the extent that it had to be changed.
    3. Airplane No. 43-37524, 511th Squadron. Seven small flak holes through left wing outer panel, three Tokyo tanks, skin and corrugation damaged.
    4. Airplane No. 42-31748, 511th Squadron. #6 cylinder push rod housing on #2 Engine damaged by flak. Fabric of right elevator torn by flak. Small flak hole through top of left outer wing panel causing skin damage. Two flak holes on underside trailing edge of right wing causing skin damage.
    5. Airplane No. 42-107046, 511th Squadron. Flak hole in leading edge of left wing, near fuselage, causing damage to skin and #4 air scoop fairing. Flak hole in door to tail compartment causing skin damage.
    6. Airplane No. 42-31238, 511th Squadron. Flak hole in left wing tip causing skin damage. Flak hole in top of right inner wing panel causing skin damage. Flak hole on underside of right inner wing panel causing skin damage.
    7. Airplane No. 42-87687, 509th Squadron. Two flak holes on underside of right wing panel causing damage to skin and flap. Flak hole on underside of right inner wing panel causing skin damage. Flak hole on underside of left outer wing panel causing skin damage. Two flak holes on top of left side of fuselage near radio compartment causing skin damage. Flak hole through right side of nose compartment causing skin damage. Flak hole in top of left elevator causing skin damage. Flak hole on top of right inner wing panel causing skin damage. Flak hole on top of left inner wing panel causing skin damage. Flak hole on top of left outer wing panel causing skin damage.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEDAMAGED BY FLAK
    777
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Mission Summary Report – Low Squadron of High Composite Group:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-30994, 508th Squadron returned early. The Pilot reported that his main oxygen system dropped to 100 PSI and that the oxygen at the left waist position dropped to 75 PSI. Airplane was thoroughly checked on the ground and in the air and no leaks whatsoever could be found. (Personnel)
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-102971, 508th Squadron. Flak hole in #1 nacelle skin and ignition harness were damaged.
    2. Airplane No. 43-37571, 511th Squadron. Small flak hole through left horizontal stabilizer, skin and corrugation damaged. Flak hole underside of left wing inner panel near flap; skin, corrugation and torque tube damaged. Small flak hole underside of right inner panel, skin and stringer damaged.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMINOR DAMAGEDAMAGED BY FLAK
    222
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 21 June, 1944.
    1. A/C 42-97600 – Salvoed three bombs on the target. Faulty A-2 release replaced.
    2. A/C 42-97252 – (All electrical) Four bombs in the left bomb bay failed to release. Wires had been cut by flak.
    3. A/C 42-97843 – One bomb jettisoned. Shackle trigger slipped out of release.
    4. A/C 42-37727 – One Incendiary Bomb jettisoned three minutes late. Faulty A-2 release replaced.
    5. A/C 44-6077 – Doors had to be cranked closed. Pinion shaft sheared. Repaired.
    6. A/C 42-102576 – Bombs dropped over a period of two minutes. Check shows R-S-2 relay points sticking. R-S-2 Box will be replaced.
    7. A/C 44-6082 - (All electrical) Bombardier reported that doors would not open with either door switch or salvo switch. He stated that he threw salvo switch and had engineer test bomb bay doors fuse and doors opened and bombs dropped. Check showed fuses are OK. Possible cause was the vibration shock fuse being loose.
  2. Twelve all electrical ships were used on the Mission.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Expenditure of Ammunition:

1. The Station Ordnance Officer has reported that 12,600 rounds of .50 Cal ammunition were expended on the Mission of 22 December, 1943.


[Signed:] Robert B. Stratton, Captain, Air Corps, Statistical Officer


Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. The following deficiencies and disabilities were determined from interrogation:
A/C 760  F-2 shoes too cold. - F/O Richards [Only F/O (Flight Officer) on A/C 760 was Robinson]

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer



Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 30994 Squadron - 509th   Pilot - Peterson
Time of Abortive - 0624  Location when Aborted - 52°51’N-00°24’E [6.67 miles N of King's Lynn, England]
Reason - Pilot’s oxygen system pressure dropped to 100 lbs., left waist gunner’s pressure dropped to 250 lbs.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned with load.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 6,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] Einer Peterson



Aircraft No. 97318 Squadron - 511th   Pilot - Bland
Time of Abortive - 0812  Location when Aborted - 54°20’N-07°00’E [66 miles West of Sankt Peter-Ording, Germany]
Reason - #1 Engine started throwing oil over top. Oil pressure dropping fast. Oil Temp. high. Feathered #1 immediately.
Disposition of Bombs: Dropped 53°57’N-05°40’E [51 miles North of Leeuwarden, Netherlands]
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 15,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: Top cylinder in #1 raised off mount bolts. Sheared off.
[Signed] Anderson Bland Jr.



Aircraft No. 97196 Squadron - 510   Pilot - Keller
Time of Abortive - 0720  Location when Aborted - 53°28’N-03°28’E [96 miles NW of Amsterdam]
Reason - #4 Engine oil pressure dropped to 35# and oil temperature went up to 105°. Cylinder head temp. went to 240°. When #4 was feathered 38’ + 2300 RPM were required to stay with formation at 3,500 ft. altitude.
Disposition of Bombs: Landed with bombs.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 3,500’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: Both #2 & #4 Engine had 3 hrs. 40 min. slow time. With #4 feathered, #2 oil temperature went up to 90° and pressure dropped to 50#.
[Signed] John W. Keller



Aircraft No. 31509 Squadron - 510th   Pilot - Hurley
Time of Abortive - 0821  Location when Aborted - 54°27’N-07°25’E [66 miles W of Husum, Germany]
Reason - #3 Engine oil pressure dropped to 32# at 18,000’ and was continuing to drop. Oil temperature rose to about 80°. At 200’ altitude oil pressure read 45#. #3 Engine was new and had about 2 hours slow time.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 18,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: Plane did not get enough slow time in my opinion.
[Signed] Robert G. Hurley, 2nd Lt. Air Corps



Aircraft No. 8146 Squadron - 509th   Pilot - Reish
Time of Abortive - 0833  Location when Aborted - 54°21’N-08°44’E [4.5 miles NE of Sankt Peter-Ording, Germany]
Reason - No. 2 supercharger oscillated about 8 to 11 inches and tends to run away at altitude above 21,000’.
Disposition of Bombs: Returned them.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 23,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks:
[Signed] George D. Reish, Jr.



Aircraft No. 107216 Squadron - 509   Pilot - Sutton
Time of Abortive - 0706  Location when Aborted - 53°22’N-03°06E [102 miles NW of Amsterdam]
Reason - Flying Spare
Disposition of Bombs: BB [Brought back]
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 6,000’
Enemy Opposition Encountered - ____
Remarks:
[Signed] Richard Sutton



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "A" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7601–Z, 7600–Y, 7843–C, 7349–B, 7727–N, 7534–L, 1711–F, 8146–D
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6077–W, 7926–X, 7595–O, 7144–R
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 7252–K, 7512–S, 8028–Q, 7124–F, 1560–A, 7515–L
    Sqdn 511th A/C: (7216–Y Flying Spare)
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ___

    a. 94th "A" Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 1879–Q
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 6078–G, 9760–M, 0499–Q
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 2576–C, 7077–D, 1509–V, 6082–B, 7196–M
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 2952–H, 6139–K, 1238–A, 7381–U, 7318–S, 1748–V, 7529–D, 1714–R, 7046–Z
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: __

    a. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Composite Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 2971–J, 1702–A, 7557–K, 0994–T, 2949–G
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 7193–P
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None
  2. Target: GH-487
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T KKG R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T SJT R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T MWS R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T TZV R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0500; Take-Off – 0510; E.T.D. Field – 0510
    b. Low Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____ b. Composite Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    06355,000 Ft Cromer
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    083722,000 Ft 54°23'N-08°40'E [Westerhever, Germany]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    111922,000 Ft 54°23'N-08°40'E [Westerhever, Germany]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    12575,000 Ft Cromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1320 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: Lead Box
    508 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] (6077-W Delay [Fuses] as Ordered)
    510 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] (7515-L Nickels) [Propaganda Leaflets]
    511 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]


    Bomb load of Each A/C: Low Box
    508 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] (6078-G Delay [Fuses] as Ordered)
    510 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: 2 x M17 IB's [Incendiary Bombs] plus 8 x 500# GP [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses]
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2700 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: J.K. Lacey Rank: Brigadier Gen. A/C: 7601-Z  Sqdn. 508th
    b. Low Box: Name: D.E. Floden Rank: Captain A/C: 1879-Q Sqdn. 508th
    c. Composite Box: Name: R.J. Trombley Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: 7193-P Sqdn. 509th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:

    Lead Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508601–Z________509077–W________
    600–Y________926–X________
    843–C________595–O________
    349–B________144–R________
    727–N________
    534–L________
    711–F________
    146–D________
    510252–K________511216–Y F/S________
    512–S________
    028–Q________F/S Flying Spare
    124–F________
    560–A________
    515–L________


    LOW Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508879–Q________509078–G________
    760–M________
    499–Q________
    510576–C________511952–H________
    077–D________139–K________
    509–V________238–A________
    082–B________381–U________
    196–M________318–S________
    748–V________
    524–D________
    714–R________
    046–Z________


    Composite Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    508971–J________509193–P________
    702–A________________
    557–K________
    994–T________
    510None511571–X________

    Report Compiled By John Maksimik, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
Lead Group Formation Take–Off
508th Squadron
Lacey–Dennis
A/C 42-97601 Z PFF
Taylor
A/C 42-97843 C
Grunow
A/C 42-97600 Y PFF
Crabb
A/C 42-97349 B
Wright
A/C 43-37534 L
Muhleman
A/C 43-37727 N
510th Squadron509th Squadron
Auten–Gibbons
A/C 42-97252 K
Watkins
A/C 44-6077 W
Matre
A/C 42-38028 Q
Hillebrand
A/C 43-37512 S
McCall
A/C 42-37595 O
Downing
A/C 42-97926 X
Neal
A/C 42-107124 F
Dawson
A/C 42-31711 F
Fultz
A/C 43-37515 L
Konecheck
A/C 42-31560 A
Reish
A/C 42-38146 D
Walters
A/C 42-97144 R
Sutton
A/C 42-107216 Y Spare
All A/C [Aircraft] - B-17G

Lead Group Formation Over–Target
508th Squadron
Lacey–Dennis
A/C 42-97601 Z
Taylor
A/C 42-97843 C
Grunow
A/C 42-97600 Y
Crabb
A/C 42-97349 B
Wright
A/C 43-37534 L
Muhleman
A/C 43-37727 N
510th Squadron509th Squadron
Auten–Gibbons
A/C 42-97252 K
Watkins
A/C 44-6077 W
Matre
A/C 42-38028 Q
Hillebrand
A/C 43-37512 S
McCall
A/C 42-37595 O
Downing
A/C 42-97926 X
Neal
A/C 42-107124 F
Dawson
A/C 42-31711 F
Fultz
A/C 43-37515 L
Konecheck
A/C 42-31560 A


Low Group Formation Take–Off
510th Squadron
Floden–Condon
A/C 42-31879 Q
Lawsen–Seagraves
A/C 42-102952 H
Fowler
A/C 44-6078 G
Medick
A/C 42-39760 M
Hibbard
A/C 42-30499 Q
Woodrum
A/C 44-6139 K
511th Squadron509th Squadron
Belote
A/C 42-97381 U
Olson
A/C 42-102576 C
Myl
A/C 42-31748 V
Bland–Aldridge
A/C 42-97318 S
Hurley
A/C 42-31509 V
Irwin
A/C 42-107077 D
Lemley
A/C 43-37524 D
Walker
A/C 44-6082 B
Long
A/C 42-107046 Z
Dingle
A/C 42-31714 R
Power
A/C 42-31238 A
Keller
A/C 42-97196 M


Low Group Formation Over–Target
510th Squadron
Floden–Condon
A/C 42-31879 Q
Lawsen–Seagraves
A/C 42-102952 H
Fowler
A/C 44-6078 G
Medick
A/C 42-39760 M
Hibbard
A/C 42-30499 Q
Woodrum
A/C 44-6139 K
511th Squadron509th Squadron
Belote
A/C 42-97381 U
Olson
A/C 42-102576 C
Myl
A/C 42-31748 V
Power
A/C 42-31238 A
Irwin
A/C 42-107077 D
Lemley
A/C 43-37524 D
Walker
A/C 44-6082 B
Long
A/C 42-107046 Z
Dingle
A/C 42-31714 R


Low Squadron, High Composite Group Formation Take–Off
Lead Squadron
A/C
A/C
A/C
A/C
A/C
A/C
509th Low SquadronHigh Squadron
Trombley
A/C 42-97193 P
A/C
Deal
A/C 43-37571 X
Jizmejian
A/C 42-102971 J
A/C
A/C
Leland
A/C 43-37557 K
A/C
Petersen
A/C 42-30994 T
Crews
A/C 42-102949 G
A/C
A/C


Low Squadron, High Composite Group Formation Over–Target
Lead Squadron
A/C
A/C
A/C
A/C
A/C
A/C
509th Low SquadronHigh Squadron
Trombley
A/C 42-97193 P
A/C
Deal
A/C 43-37571 X
Jizmejian
A/C 42-102971 J
A/C
A/C
Leland
A/C 43-37557 K
A/C
Crews
A/C 42-102949 G
A/C
A/C


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0635 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0200  Stations: 0435  Start Engines: 0445  Taxi: 0455  Take-Off: 0510  Leave Base: 0510 [Breakfast: Gunners 0030, Officers 0100]


Missing Air Crew Report (MACR):
  • A/C# 42-97144   RQ-R  [No Nickname]  Pilot: Walters     A/C's 30th Mission   MACR # 6536

    Aircraft Loss Circumstances:

    Interrogation Statement included in the Missing Air Crew Report (MACR)
    2nd Lt. Jerry C. Walters was flying as pilot of Aircraft No. 42-97144 which was in No. 5 position of the High Squadron, Lead Box, on a Mission to Berlin, Germany on 21 June 1944. All that is known concerning him is that he had two engines smoking just inside Denmark, when he left for Sweden. An SOS was sent by him over Sweden at 0936 stating that he was having engine trouble.
    [Signed] Robert H. Van Beynum, Captain, Air Corps, Ass't S-2 Officer [Intelligence]

    Individual Accounts of Crewmen Fates:
    • Pilot - Walters, Jerry C., From Nebraska, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Co-pilot - Driggers, Lester R., From Indiana, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Navigator - Kowalski, John, From New York, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Bombardier - Black, George, From Tennessee, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Top Turret Gunner - Freedman, Lewis S., From Michigan, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Radio Operator - Oliver, William A., From Oklahoma, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Left Waist Gunner - Sanford, Leon T., From Texas, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Right Waist Gunner - O'Malley, Martin J., From New York, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Ball Turret Gunner - Duggan, Theodore E., From Massachusetts, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.
    • Tail Gunner - Marchese, Michael, From New York, Interned in Sweden, Returned to Military Control, Liberated or Repatriated.

 [Interned in Sweden - 10]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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