351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #157

Credited Mission #151

DATE: 23 Jun 1944
Target: No Ball Target near Abbeville, France
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.
  2. Time Schedule:
     "A" Force "B" Force
    Stations   –0955Stations   –1005
    Start Engines –1005Start Engines –1015
    Taxi     –1015Taxi     –1025
    Take Off   –1030Take Off   –1040
    Last Take Off –____Last Take Off –___

    Leader and Deputy off at 1035.
  3. Targets:
    Primary: No Ball Targets
    Secondary: ____
    Last Resort: ____

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: ____
    351 “B”: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 N [Nose] x 1/100 T [Tail Fuse]
    Composite “A” Force: 12 x 500 GP [General Purpose] 1/10 N [Nose] x 1/100 T [Tail Fuse]
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: Each A/C will carry 288 units. All A/C [Aircraft] will commence release of chaff at 8 minutes before the target and continue for 12 minutes.

  5. Gasoline Loading: 1700 gallons – All ships.
    Remarks: Zero hour – 1200 – Selsey Bill.
      Emergency Airdrome – Tangmere - 50°51’N-00°42’W [9 miles NNE of Selsey Bill on England Southern Coast]

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead1stNo BallZero [Hour] + 30
    2nd1stNo BallZero + 32
    3rd1stNo BallZero + 34
    4th94th “A” Lead No BallZero + 36
    5th94th “A” LowNo BallZero + 38
    6th94th “B”No BallZero + 40
    2nd Division9 BoxesNo Ball Area
    3rd Division
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: Interval between Combat Wings – Two Minutes.

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      4 Groups P-51's Area Support  Balance 

  9. Group Assembly:
    351st Low Sqdn“A” Force15,000’ LeadCottesmore (Buncher “Y”)
    351st Lead Group“B” Force16,000’ LeadGlatton (Buncher “X”)

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
      Intervalometer Setting – Minimum.
      Base Reference Altitude – 20,000’.
  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.
  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –____
    Visual Bombing -In Clear
    Authenticator –Big Pool
    Recall -“A” Force – “Double Play Ball”
    Recall -“B” Force – “Home Run Charlie”
    Weather Code -BVTAI
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st "A"
    351st "B"Woodcraft RedRY [Red Yellow]
    401st "A"Woodcraft WhiteRY
    401st "B"
    457th "A"
    457th "B"Woodcraft BlueR
    Low “A” CompositeWoodcraft PinkR
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    U.S. FightersBalance
    R.A.F. Fighters
     BombersVinegrove One
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. ControlBig Pool

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:

    Remarks: Crews will be briefed that when requesting fighter support, to include all Information concerning: Heading, Geographic Location, Altitude, Number of Attacking Enemy Fighters and Direction of Same.

    Colors of the Day
    0800 – 1400RYOX
    1400 – 2000GYVI

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All Ships with Exception:
    2. - X-7926 N-7169
    3. - P-1875 (8th A.F.) R-8038 (8th A.F.) A-1702 (“A” Force)
    4. - ____

  16. Let-Down on Splasher # 6, if overcast.
    351st A   ____
    351st B   Glatton 030° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A   Cottesmore 360° Mag.
    401st B   ____
    457th A   ____
    457th B   Glatton 015° Mag.
    Composite  Cottesmore 345° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields.
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions: Lead and Deputy Lead Ships of each Box take-off 5 minutes early in order to position themselves.
    Spares will turn back at Mid-Channel.
    Ship P-875 will have special radio operator on Super Radio Equipment.

Operational Narrative – Lead Group, “B” Force:
  1. General Narrative (B). Nineteen aircraft, including the GH ship and a flying spare, took off at 1031 – 1048 hours.
     Assembly was made at the Glatton buncher without difficulty at the briefed altitude of 16,000 feet. The Low Group easily formed on the Lead Group and the departure from Glatton was made on time.
     The briefed route was closely followed over England with slight variations as to time. Departure from the English coast was made at 20,000 feet and five minutes late.
     The briefed route was followed to the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], which was reached two minutes late. A straight run from the IP to target was made. Only 4° of correction was made.
     Bombs were away on time at the briefed altitude by dropping on the GH ship. Results were not observed.
     No effort was made to reassemble the combat wing after bombing, as the Low Group had bombed first and had started its return to base. The Low Group was followed back to base, where the Lead Group broke up into squadrons south of the field and let down through a hole and returned to base. Landings were made at 1519 – 1543 hours.
     The entire mission was flown over a ten-tenths undercast. No fighters were encountered; the friendly escort was good. Flak in the target area was meager and inaccurate.

     (C) Seven aircraft were scheduled to fly as low squadron of the low group of the “A” Force (401st Group Leading). This mission was carried out without incident. Details will be contained in the narrative furnished by the Group leading the low group formation of the “A” Force.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. Aircraft 42-107046, pilot Lt. Long, returned to base as planned. This aircraft had been scheduled as a flying spare with “B” Force.
     Aircraft 42-3542, pilot Lt. Petersen [Peterson], failed to take off because of the #3 engine running rough. Investigation revealed a faulty spark plug lead on the #3 engine. This aircraft was scheduled to fly with the “A” Force.
     The remaining aircraft of bomb forces attacked their assigned targets.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the Mission of 23 June, 1944.
  4. “B” Force Leader. Captain Kenneth W. Davey, flying in a GH ship, led the 94th Combat Wing “B” Force.
    Lt. Kenneth C. Hales, flying in aircraft 42-97843, led the low squadron of the composite 94th Combat Wing “A” Force.

Statistical Summary:
No. of A/C Scheduled19726
No. of A/C Failed to Take Off011
No. of A/C Taking Off19625
No. of A/C Taking Off Less Unused Spares18624
No. of A/C Attacking18624
No. of A/C Not Attacking000
Name of Primary Target (PFF)NO BALL
No. of A/C Attacking Primary (PFF)18624
No., Size & Type Of Bombs211 x 500# GP72 x 500# GP283 x 500# GP
Bombs Brought Back:
By Flying Spare12 x 500# GP72 x 500# GP283 x 500# GP
Other5 x 500# GP05 x 500# GP
Total Bombs Loaded228 x 500# GP72 x 500# GP300 x 500# GP
Aircraft Lost000

Bombardier’s Narrative – Lead Box 94th “B” Force:

1. No trouble was encountered on the bombing run.
2. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was not used on the bombing run.
3. 10/10 cloud cover over the target area.
4. Bombing was “G.H.” bombing.
5. A normal turn was made at the Initial Point.

[Signed:] Robert E. McFarlane, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier

Combat Bombing Flight Record – Lead Box 94th “B” Force:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. McFarlane, Robert E.  Pilot - Captain Davey, Kenneth W. Navigator - 2nd Lt. Weeks & 2nd Lt. Mosowi
Aircraft B-17G   449-R  Take-off - 1035 Landed - 1520
Objective - NOBALL near Abbeville, France
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - G.H. [Gee-H Navigation]
Initial Point - As briefed.
Method of Attack - Wing
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 18   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE (G.H.)
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ___   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes -250 LB. AN-M57 G.P. [Briefing & Statistical Summary show 500# GP’s]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 12   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/100
Synchronization - G.H. On
Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 400Magnetic Heading Ordered 91° Actual 84°
True Altitude Above Target - 19,954'True Heading 75°
Indicated Altitude - 20,000Drift, Estimated 8° Left - Actual 2° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +324True Track 72°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 10,023.52
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 M.P.H.B.S. Type - M-7
True Air Speed - 183 KTime of Release 1320
Ground Speed Est. 203 Actual 207Length of Bombing Run - 25 miles
Wind Direction Metro - 10° Actual - 234°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 28 Actual 25 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 143.6  Trail - 51   ATF - 27A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .50 Actual G.H. Manual Pilot - (G.H.)

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - NO
Mean Temp. Metro -1.5 Actual -1.5
Winds - Altitude - 20,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 10°  Actual 234°  Velocity - Metro 28.8K  Actual 25
Temp C. - Metro -15° C. Actual -15° C.

Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge

Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron:
A/C 702-A: Not enough flares fired during formation over Buncher. – Lt. Lord.
    Deputy didn’t take over formation soon enough. Leader was late. – Lt. Lord.

    509th Squadron:
A/C 169-N: No. 3 man in high squadron was above this ship at bombs away, and bombs almost hit this ship. – Lt. Dawson.
A/C 926-X: Best formation that has been flown since we have been here. – Crew.

    510th Squadron:
A/C 576-C: It’s about time something is done about the bomb racks in electric ships. We’ve had rack malfunctions since transition training, and it’s always happened whenever electrical racks are used. – Lt. Ralph.
A/C 515-L: Yellow flares are not easily seen in daylight. – Lt. Fultz.
A/C 512-S: Took too long to get to plane, due to transportation. – Lt. Port.
A/C 038-R: No. 5 position of Lead Squadron slid under us (No. 3 of high squadron) and made us bomb 3 seconds late. Don’t know whose fault it was but it happened several times. - Lt. Neal.

[Signed] Stephen B. Callahan, Captain, Air Corps, Asst. Group S-2 [Intelligence]

Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives:
    1. Airplane No. 42-107046, 511th Squadron returned early as planned.
  2. Battle Damage: None received.
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer

Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the Mission of 23 June, 1944.
    1. A/C 42-102576 – Only two bombs released in train. The salvo switch was hit and nothing happened. When the door switch was hit to close the doors, five bombs on the left rack dropped. Five bombs on the right rack were returned to base. Bombs were released on feed-back through the salvo circuit. Salvo relay points sticking, and no replacements available. Will be repaired.
    2. A/C 42-31384 – Six bombs salvoed on target. Faulty A-2 release replaced.
    3. A/C 42-31714 – Brushes in the Vickers motor of the ball turret burned out. Unit replaced.
  2. Eleven (11) all electric ships were used.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer

Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. Following interrogation, a negative report is hereby submitted for operational mission dated the 22nd [23rd] day of June 1944.

[Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer

“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 7193–P, 6078–G, 7926–X, 1384–T, 7169–N
    Sqdn 510th A/C: 7512–S, 8038–R, 1509–V, 2576–C, 7196–M, 7515–L
    Sqdn 511th A/C: 7571–X, 1714–R, 2952–H, 1875–P, 7216–Y, 1238–A, (7046–Z Spare)
    P.F.F. Sqdn 547 A/C: 2449–R

    b. 94th "A" Combat Wing   Low Squadron, Low Composite Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: 7843–C, 2949–G, 2971–J, 1702–A, 7727–N, 7534–L
    Sqdn 509th A/C: 3542–V
    Sqdn 510th A/C: None
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None
  2. Target: "A" Force - Z-3005 and "B" Force - Z 3072-A
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T RJX R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T LSS R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T THW R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T PYX R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. LEAD Box: Taxi – 1025; Take-Off – 1040; E.T.D. Field – 1040
    b. Composite Box: Taxi – 1015; Take-Off – 1030; E.T.D. Field – 1030
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    "B" 124020,000 Ft Selsey Bill
    "A" 123820,000 Ft Selsey Bill
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    "B" 131120,000 Ft 49°58'N-01°07'E [3 miles NE of Dieppe, France]
    "A" 130220,000 Ft 49°52'N-00°35'E [Veulettes-sur-Mer, France]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    "B" 133720,000 Ft 49°58'N-01°07'E [3 miles NE of Dieppe, France]
    "A" 134720,000 Ft 49°52'N-00°35'E [Veulettes-sur-Mer, France]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    "B" 14117,000 Ft Selsey Bill
    "A" 14127,000 Ft Selsey Bill
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: "A" 1458 Hours; "B" 1457 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: Lead Box
    508 Squadron: None
    509 Squadron: 12 x 500# GP 1/10 Nose x 1/100 Tail [Fuses]
    510 Squadron: 12 x 500# GP 1/10 Nose x 1/100 Tail [Fuses]
    511 Squadron: 12 x 500# GP 1/10 Nose x 1/100 Tail [Fuses]

    Bomb load of Each A/C: Low Squadron, Composite Box
    508 Squadron: 12 x 500# GP 1/10 Nose x 1/100 Tail [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 12 x 500# GP 1/10 Nose x 1/100 Tail [Fuses]
    510 Squadron: None
    511 Squadron: None
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 1700 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. 94th "B" Lead Box: Name: Davey, Kenneth W. Rank: Capt. A/C: 2449-R  Sqdn. 547th
    b. 94th "A" Low Squadron, Low Box: Name: Hales, Kenneth C. Rank: Lt. A/C: 7843-C Sqdn. 509th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
  15. Actual Times Off and Return by Squadrons and A/C Letters:

    94th "B" Lead Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.
    GH A/C2449–R________________

    94th "A" Low Squadron, Low Composite Box
    SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.SquadronA/C No. & LetterA.T.O.A.T.R.

    Report Compiled By Grasmehr, Donald W., Sgt.

Formation Chart:
"B" Force Lead Box Formation Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
A/C 42-102449 R GH A/C
A/C 42-97193 P
A/C 44-6078 G
A/C 42-97926 X
A/C 42-31384 T
A/C 42-97169 N
511th Squadron510th Squadron
A/C 43-37571 X
A/C 43-37512 S
A/C 42-31714 R
A/C 42-102952 H
A/C 42-38038 R
A/C 42-31509 V
A/C 42-31875 P
A/C 42-102576 C
A/C 42-107216 Y
A/C 42-31238 A
A/C 42-97196 M
A/C 43-37515 L
A/C 42-107046 Z Spare

"A" Force Low Box Formation Take–Off
451st Group Lead Squadron
351st Group, 508th Low Squadron457th Group High Squadron
A/C 42-97843 C
A/C 42-102949 G
A/C 42-102971 J
A/C 42-31702 A
A/C 42-37727 N
A/C 43-37534 L
A/C 42-3542 V
Lt. Peterson failed Take Off because #3 Engine running rough.

"A" Force Low Box Formation Over–Target
451st Group Lead Squadron
351st Group, 508th Low Squadron457th Group High Squadron
A/C 42-97843 C
A/C 42-102949 G
A/C 42-102971 J
A/C 42-31702 A
A/C 42-37727 N
A/C 42-37534 L

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1200 DBST [Double British Standard Time]Briefing: 0700  Stations: 1005  Start Engines: 1015  Taxi: 1025  Take-Off: 1040 Leave Base: 1040 [Breakfast: "A" 0600; "B" 0630]

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
Please contact us with your comments and corrections.