351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #174

Credited Mission #168

 
DATE: 20 July 1944
Target: Ball Bearing Plants, Leipzig, Germany
"A" Wing High Box Bombed Air Field at Kolleda, Germany
"B" Wing High Box Bombed Primary at Leipzig, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
     A Box
    Stations   –0605
    Start Engines –0615
    Taxi     –0625
    Take Off   –0640
    Last Take Off –____

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Ball Bearing Plants – Leipzig - Visual, PFF - Center of Leipzig
    Secondary: Kolleda A/D [Aerodrome] 51°11’N-11°14’E
    Last Resort: Any Military Inst. in Germany or Occupied areas – Visual – A/D, M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard], RR Bridge, Enemy Convoy or concentration of troops & equip. not adjacent to built up area.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: 10 X 500
    351 “B”: Max [No. of] M-47 I.B.’s [Incendiary Bombs]
    Composite: 
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: 2 min. before I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] for 14 minutes. 336 units.

  5. Gasoline Loading: 2700 gallons
    Remarks: ____

  6. Wing Formation94th (A) CBW94th (B) CBWComp. GroupComp. CBW
    Lead401st457th
    Low401st457th
    High351st351st

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead40 AKothen
    2nd94 ALeipzig
    3rd40 BKothen
    4th41 ALeipzig
    5th40 CKothen
    6th41 BDessau
    7th94 BLeipzig
    8th41 CDessau
    9th1 ALeipzig
    10th1 B & 1 CDessau
    2nd Division13 Combat WingsEisenach, Gotha, ErfurtCross Enemy Coast 40 minutes behind 1st Division.
    3rd Division8 CB WingsLutzkendorf-Merseburg - B-17’sEnemy Coast 23 minutes later.
    Russelsheim – B-24’sEnemy Coast 56 mins. later.
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: Base Reference Altitude – 21,000’
     2 minutes interval between CBW’s [Combat Wings].
     CBW’s will fly in trail.
     Possibly 1 Convoy south bound on way out.

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      P-51 5122-0500  Balance 1-1 
      P-51 5012-0722  Balance 1-2 Front 
      P-51 5012-0722  Balance 1-3 Rear 
      P-51 5045-1230  Balance 1-4 
      P-38 5121-1118  Balance 1-5 
      P-51 5035-0900  Balance 1-6 Front 
      P-47 5035-0900  Balance 1-7 Rear 

  9. Group Assembly:
    Combat WingBox Altitude Place
    A High (351st) 13,000' Cottesmore 
    Lead12,000'Cottesmore
    Low11,000'Cottesmore
    BHigh (351st)13,500'Glatton
    Lead12,500'Glatton
    Low11,500'Glatton

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
    A. Type of Bombing Formation - ____
     Visual - Normal 12 Ship Box.
     PFF [Pathfinder Force] - Left turn at I.P.
     High Box bombs on right.
     GP [General Purpose Bombs] – 500#’s - SALVO
     IB’s [Incendiary Bombs] - MINIMUM.
     PFF - Center of Industrial Areas.

  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.

  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –Red Wing
    Visual Bombing -In Clear
    Authenticator –Wild Ducks
    Recall -A – Old Over Holt; B – Rock and Rye
    Weather Code -VABIT
    Release "CHAFF" -Tin Hat
    “A” CBW – WX [Weather]-GolfClub L-Love
    “B” CBW – WX -BlueBell B-Baker

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st AWoodcraft Able HighGreen
    351st BWoodcraft Baker HighGreen
    401st AWoodcraft AbleRY [Red Yellow]
    401st BWoodcraft AbleR
    457th AWoodcraft BakerRY
    457th BWoodcraft BakerR
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance One
    R.A.F. Fighters
     Bombers“A” – Vinegrove 1-2; “B” – Vinegrove 1-7
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    1 - English CoastS - Eindhoven
    2 - 5144-0356H - Coblenz
    3 - 5056-0612E - Wiesbaden
    4 - 5012-0722L - Gotha
    5 - 5045-1230V - Leipzig
    6 - 5035-0900I - Giessen
    _____N - Dessau
    _____G - Chemnitz

    Remarks: 4 -P-51’s – Buckeye Red – Weather Recon in Frankfurt-Ludwigshafen Area.
     8 – P-51’s – Buckeye Blue will intercept Lead CBW at 07°22’E and precede on briefed route to target 20 min. before target time, reporting to all CBW Leaders. Will report adverse weather encountered in vicinity of English Coast to “Cycle” on A Channel VHF.

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800YYGX
    0800 – 1400GYCH
    1400 – 2000RRQL

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All but:
    2. - Z-046, L-920
    3. - Y-216, F-711
    4. - All equipped

  16. Let-Down on “A” – Kings Cliffe, “B” - Glatton, if overcast.
    351st A   Kings Cliffe 015° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B   Glatton 045° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    401st A Lead  Kings Cliffe 345° Mag.
    401st A Low  Kings Cliffe 360° Mag.
    457th B Lead  Glatton 030° Mag.
    457th B Low  Glatton 015° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields. - WOODBRIDGE - 52°05’N-01°24’E
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions: R-156 to stay on “A” Channel at all times – R.O. monitoring same.
    Camera Ships return early – Y-216, S-318, R-156, F-124.


Operational Narrative – High Boxes of 94th “A” & “B” CBW:
  1. General Narrative. The 351st Group was required to furnish the High Boxes of the 94th “A” and “B” Combat Wing Formations for the Mission of 20 July, 1944.
     Twelve ships plus one flying spare forming the “A” Box took off at 0633 – 0645 hours. Assembly was made on the Cottesmore buncher (SOP) [Standard Operating Procedure] and the wing departed from the buncher a few minutes late. The Wing Leader cut off the next point so that he might arrive at Splasher #7 two minutes late. The wing arrived at the English Coast on course and on time.
     After departing the coast, considerable difficulty was encountered in maintaining the proper wing formation because the wing leading the division was late in departing. The wing formation was completed before reaching the enemy coast.
     Considerable flak was observed along the route to the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run], but it was out of range of the formation.
     At the IP, the Wing Leader announced that he would attempt to make a visual bombing run. The High Box was in trail of the Lead and Low. After crossing the target area, the Wing Leader announced that he was unable to make a run on the target, and that he would lead us to the secondary. The High Box then turned to the left, avoiding flak at the target and to the south of the target area. It followed the Lead and Low Boxes to the IP for the secondary target. From that point the High Box made its own bombing run because the Lead did not bomb the secondary target.
     After bombs away, the High Box reformed with the Lead and Low Boxes and proceeded to the enemy coast. The formation did not follow the briefed course.
     Let down was made after leaving the enemy coast, and upon crossing the English coast, the Wing Leader gave the High Box permission to proceed to home base individually. The High Box landed at 1440.
     Considerable flak was observed all the way in and out. However none was encountered by the High Group. Heavy flak was avoided over the primary target area. There was no flak over the secondary target.
     Two FW-190’s were seen passing below the High Group during the bombing run on the secondary target. They did not make an attack, but were fired on by some of our gunners.
     The High Group of the “B” Wing, twelve ship plus one flying spare, took off at 0633 – 0655 hours and made an SOP buncher assembly over the Glatton buncher at 13,000 feet.
     The Group assembled and then took its wing formation position before the wing departed the buncher. The wing departed from the buncher on time and on course and flew the briefed course over England and departed from the English coast on time.
     Flying the briefed course, the wing had no difficulty until just before the IP where the Wing Leader called that a visual bomb run would be made. After conferring with the “A” Wing Leader, he changed this to a PFF bomb run.
     When the visual run was announced, the High Group slid back into trail and continued in trail until the second announcement was made for PFF bombing.
     When the leader called for PFF bombing, he started a left hand turn to make a run on the target. The High Group cut him off and slid to the outside (right hand side), staying on this side for bombing.
     After bombs away a left hand turn was made and the wing let down from 25,000 to 20,000 feet. At approximately 51°N-12°E [NNW of Gera, Germany], the Wing Leader deviated from the briefed route by flying directly west; but later he took up the briefed route and continued to fly the briefed route out.
     At the enemy coast going out, the High Group started its descent from 19,500 feet to approximately 7,000 feet when it crossed the English coast. At this point the Wing Leader instructed the groups to proceed to their own bases.
     The High Group returned to base and all twelve ships which had attacked the target landed safely.
     No enemy fighters were encountered by the High Group, and flak was encountered only at the target, where it was fairly heavy and very accurate. The group received very little battle damage, and no one was injured.
  2. Aircraft Not Attacking. There were no failures to attack by either group. The flying spares returned as planned.
  3. Aircraft Lost. No aircraft were lost on the Mission of 20 July, 1944.
  4. Group Leaders: Lt. Richard H. Brooks [A/C 42-97381] led the High Group of the 94th “A” Combat Wing. The High Group of the 94th “B” Combat Wing was led by Captain Donald E. Floden [A/C 42-31879].
  5. PFF Aircraft: PFF Aircraft 42-97600 and 42-97638 were furnished to the 457th and 401st Groups, respectively.

[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Statistical Summary:
HIGH BOXHIGH BOX
94th “A” CBW94th “B” CBWTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off000
No. of A/C Airborne131326
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares121224
No. of A/C Sorties121224
No. of A/C Attacking121224
No. of A/C Not Attacking000
Name of Primary TargetLeipzig, Germany
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary1212
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs498 x 100# IB’s498 x 100# IB’s
Name of Secondary TargetKOLLEDA
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target1212
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs120 x 500# RDX* 120 x 500# RDX 
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C Lost - Total000
No. of A/C Lost - Flak
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off06330633
Time of Attack1136½1133½
Average Time of Flight8:058:23
Altitude of Release26,050’26,050’
Visual or PFFVisualPFF
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & Accuracy Moderate & Accurate  Moderate & Accurate 
Enemy Resistance – Fighter000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft000
Degree of SuccessFAIRUNOBSERVED
PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows:  ____   ____
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: 42-97600 & 42-97638 were loaned to the 457th and 401st Groups. Both attacked targets.
[* - RDX - Very High Explosive]






Bombardier’s Narrative – High Box 94th “A” CBW:

Group: 351st
Target: A/D [Aerodrome] at Kolleda, Germany
Method of Bombing: Visual
Altitude: 26,050’
Direction of Attack: 305° Mag. Heading
Wind Direction: 340°
Wind Velocity: 13K
Bombardier’s Narrative: C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] worked very poor on the bomb run. Wing wallow and hunt predominated. Target could not be picked up at the I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] and Aiming Point was not identified till only a few seconds from the release line due to cloud cover over the target. Briefed A.P. [Aiming Point] at the Secondary target was used. Pattern was short.

[Signed:] Henry Hamel, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Bombardier’s Narrative – High Box 94th “B” CBW:

Group: 351st
Target: Leipzig, Germany
Method of Bombing: PFF
Altitude: 26,050’
Direction of Attack: 270° Magnetic Heading
Wind Direction: 264°
Wind Velocity: 29K
Bombardier’s Narrative: In the target area, flak was heavy but inaccurate. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used with good results. Bombing was in Wing formation on the PFF A/C. A slow easy turn was made at the Initial Point.

[Signed:] Robert E. Lee, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier



Combat Bombing Flight Record – High Box 94th “A” CBW:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Hamel, Henry  Pilot - 1st Lt. Brooks, Richard H. Navigator - 1st Lt. Korf, Leonard L.
Aircraft B-17G   U-381  Take-off - 0633 Landed - 1440
Objective - A/D [Aerodrome] at Kolleda, Germany (Secondary)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed.
Initial Point - None
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 500 LB AN M43 G.P.’s [General Purpose]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 10   Released - 10
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - Fast
Information at Release Point:   Heavy cloud cover over the target

Altitude of Target - ___Magnetic Heading Ordered 297° Actual 305°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,050’True Heading 295°
Indicated Altitude - 25,600’Drift, Estimated 4° Left - Actual 2° Left
Pressure Altitude of Target +327True Track 291°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 14,203'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150 (147)B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 232Time of Release 1136½
Ground Speed Est. 213 Actual 228Length of Bombing Run - 15 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 330° Actual - 340°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 23 Actual 13 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] Yes
D.S. - 124  Trail - 61   ATF - 42.74A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .45 Actual .43 Manual Pilot - ____

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - Short
Mean Temp. Metro -3 Actual -___
Winds - Altitude - 26,050 Ft.  Direction - Metro 330°  Actual 340°  Velocity - Metro 23K  Actual 13K
Temp C. - Metro -28° C. Actual -__° C.



Combat Bombing Flight Record – High Box 94th “B” CBW:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Lee, Robert E.   Pilot - Captain Floden, Donald E. Navigator - 1st Lt. Badger, William D.
Aircraft # Q-879  Take-off - 0633  Landed - 1456
Objective - Leipzig, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - PFF
Initial Point - As briefed.
Method of Attack - Wing
Number of Attacking A/C in Group - 12    Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own sighting operation - PFF
Deflection and Range sighting, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 LB M47A1 I.B.’s [Incendiary Bombs]
Number of Bombs Loaded - 42    Released - 42
Fusing, Nose - Instantaneous   Tail -
Synchronization - PFF On
Information at Release Point:   Dropped on PFF A/C flying in Lead Box.

Altitude of Target - ____Magnetic Heading Ordered 297° Actual 270°
True Altitude Above Target - 26,050’True Heading 264°
Indicated Altitude - 24,700’Drift, Estimated 4° Right - Actual 1° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +327True Track 265°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 12,192'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150B.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 197KTime of Release 1133½
Ground Speed Est. 213 Actual 171KLength of Bombing Run - 10 min.
Wind Direction Metro - 330° Actual - 264°Intervalometer Setting -Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 23 Actual 29K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] Yes
D.S. - 123  Trail - 150   ATF - 17.75A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .38 Actual PFFManual Pilot _____

Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - No
Mean Temp. Metro -3 Actual _____
Winds - Altitude - 26,050’ Ft.  Direction - Metro 330° Actual 264° Velocity - Metro 23K Actual 29K
Temp C. - Metro -28° C. Actual -__° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the High Group which flew with the 94th “A” Box was the Airfield and Equipment Depot at Kolleda, Germany. Photo coverage, though complete, is of poor quality. Also, previous damage from a raid on 7 July on this airdrome makes assessment more difficult.
  2. The main pattern for this box fell short and a little to the left of a hangar area at the NW corner of the field. However, there is one direct hit and two possible hits on the southernmost hangar of the three hangars in the area and one of these hits at the northern end of this hangar or a small building adjacent to it caused an explosion with a fire resulting. Some small buildings just behind the center hangar may have been hit. There is a possible hit on the southern end of the northern hangar, and some bombs have fallen at the northern side of the M/G Range and in the W/T area. The road running on the western side of the A/F [Air Field] has been cut by two bombs. The pattern measures 2,360 X 1,720 feet and the center of the pattern is 1,000 feet short of the MPI [Mean Point of Impact].
  3. The target for the High Group which flew with the 94th “B” Box was the city of Leipzig, Germany. Photo coverage is good, although bombing was done on the Combat Wing leader with PFF aids.
  4. The bombs fell in open fields 2½ miles south of the Main Railroad Station in open country on the southern edge of the city.
[Signed:] Robert H. Van Beynum, Captain, Air Corps, Ass’t. S-2 Officer

HIGH BOX, 94th “A” CBWHIGH BOX, 94th “B” CBW
PilotLt. Richard H. BrooksCaptain D. E. Floden
NavigatorLt. Leonard L. KorfLt. William D. Badger
BombardierLt. Henry HamelLt. Robert E. Lee
Actual Range14,20312,192
Heading305°270° (PFF)
Bombs Away1136½1133½


Intelligence S-2 Report – 94th “A” CBW:
  1. No leaflets were carried.
  2. Bombing results for the “A” Box, which dropped on the secondary, Kolleda Airfield, are fair. The main concentration is in the NW landing ground area with some bombs going into the hangar area at that end of the field. There is a possible direct hit on one of the hangars, as a fire is seen starting at the corner of the hangar. There is a possible direct hit on another one of the hangars and the W/T area is covered with bursts.
  3. Approximately 6 to 10 FW-190’s were seen between the I.P. and the target around 1100 hours. No attacks were made on this group and no claims are being submitted.
  4. There was no flak at the target, Kolleda Airfield. Meager to moderate inaccurate flak was encountered at Duren, Cologne, Koblenz, Wiesbaden, and Chemnitz. There was moderate accurate flak at Zeitz. Meager fairly accurate flak was encountered at Weimar, Erfurt, and Gotha. Intense flak was observed over Frankfurt.
  5. A heavy cloud bank at the primary target and some confusion on the PFF run by the lead group of the CBW prevented bombing of Leipzig. The secondary target was open for visual bombing with 2/10 clouds.
  6. Fifty barrage balloons were observed near Ziegenruck at 50°38’N-11°38’E but no further details were visible. A B-17 from a group just ahead of this one went down in a spin and blew up either on or near the ground between Leipzig and Kolleda. Two chutes were observed.
  7. PFF A/C were employed by the lead box of this CBW but visual bombing was done on the secondary because confusion on the PFF bomb run prevented bombing of the primary. Fighter support was as briefed except for a brief time in the vicinity of the I.P.


Intelligence S-2 Report – 94th “B” CBW:
  1. No leaflets were carried.
  2. Bombing was done on PFF sighting by the Lead group of the CBW and results were unobserved.
  3. No enemy A/C came near this box but attacks were being made on Combat Wings to the rear. No claims are being submitted.
  4. At Leipzig intense and accurate continuous following flak, covering a large area, was encountered. Meager to moderate inaccurate flak was encountered at Duren, Cologne, Koblenz, Wiesbaden, and Chemnitz. There was moderate accurate flak at Zeitz. Meager fairly accurate flak was encountered at Weimar, Erfurt, and Gotha. Intense flak was observed over Frankfurt.
  5. Weather at the target was from 6 – 8/10 and made PFF bombing necessary.
  6. One crew observed what appeared to be an oil train of about 40 cars moving north-eastward near 50°30’N-10°41’E [Between Themar and Schleusingen, Germany] at around 1050 hours.
  7. This group used no PFF A/C, but bombed on the lead group which was employing a PFF A/C. Fighter support was generally as briefed.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



A.A. Gunfire (Flak) Report:

1. Target: Assigned - Leipzig, Germany Bombed - “A” CBW – Kolleda A/F [Air Field] “B” CBW - Leipzig
2. Route as Flown. - As briefed. “A” Box turned just South of Leipzig and attacked secondary target.
3. Weather Conditions - A. at Target. - 5/10 cloud  B. En route - 10/10 cloud to 06 ° E; 5/10 rest of route.
4. Were our A/C "Seen" or "Unseen" targets? (a) At Target - Unseen (b) Enroute - Unseen
 Any Condensation Trails? - No
5. Description of Flak, including type of Fire Control: Leipzig – Intense and accurate continuous following, covering a large area.
  Kolleda - None
6. Flak encountered or observed en route. (In the order experienced) -
 Duren, 0945, 19,000’ – moderate, inaccurate.
 Cologne, 0950, 19,000’ – moderate, inaccurate.
 Koblenz, 0957, 20,000’ – meager, inaccurate.
 Wiesbaden, 1007, 21,000’ – Moderate, height fair, deflection poor.
 Chemnitz, 1039, 25,400’ – moderate, height good, deflection fair.
 Zeitz, 1125, 26,000’ – moderate, accurate.
 Weimar, 1140, 25,000’ – meager, accurate.
 Erfurt, 1146, 25,000’ – Meager, fairly accurate.
 Gotha, 1150, 25,000’ – meager, fairly accurate.
 Frankfurt, 1235, 21,000’ – Intense, observed.
7. Was Chaff carried? - Yes How discharged? In target area.
8. Position of Group - High Boxes, 94th “A” and “B” CBW.
9. Group – “A” High A/C over enemy terr. – 12, A/C damaged – 1, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – 1136½, 
  Time of bombs away – 1136½, Height – 25,500’, Axis of attack – 305° Mag.  Bomb run – 15 sec.
10. Group – “B” High A/C over enemy terr. – 12, A/C damaged – 1, A/C lost to flak – 0, Time over Target – 1133½, 
  Time of bombs away – 1133½, Height – 26,720’, Axis of attack – 270° Mag. Bomb run – 10 min.
11. Comments - Phenomena: None



Combat Crew Comments:

1. Following are the comments made by combat crews flying today’s mission:

    508th Squadron
A/C 557-K: Ball turret man observed out of turret over enemy territory (about 3 ships). Over France CBW leader giving information
     concerning Escort as to time to turn back and amount of fuel. – Lt. Gunster.
A/C 193-P: 12 ships do not provide enough defensive power for deep penetration. – Lt. Lord.
A/C 727-N: Good fighter escort. – Lt. Miller.
A/C 512-S: No compass of any kind in plane and Pilot’s compass was no good. – All Officers.

510th Squadron
A/C 196-M: Officers want 18 ship formations, and also better fighter protection between IP and target. – Lt. Marsey.

511th Squadron
A/C 318-S: We had to wait one hour for a truck to bring us back from the plane, and finally had to call for one. The same thing
     happened yesterday. – Lt. Merrill.
A/C 492-B: Doesn’t like course over target. No more 12 ship formations. – Lt. Uttley.
A/C 216-U: Navigation was swell; bombing very bad. – Entire Crew.
A/C 571-X: 3 P-51’s made a pass as though attacking just before bombs away about 11:30. - Lt. Bland.
     2nd Element of low squadron did not pull into right position on bomb run. – Lt. Belote.

[Signed] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]



Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 44-6082, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
    2. Airplane No. 42-97926, 509th Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97600 – PFF Aircraft, flew with 457th Bomb Group. Large flak hole through right wing outer panel, skin, corrugation, and Tokyo tank damaged. Flak hole on top of #4 nacelle, skin, supercharger oil line and induction system damaged. Flak hole in leading edge of wing just inside #4 Engine, induction system and skin damaged.
    2. Airplane No. 42-97638, 510th Squadron. [PFF A/C that flew with 401st Bomb Group] Two flak holes through the left stabilizer, skin and bulkheads damaged. Flak hole through tip of right stabilizer, skin damage only. Two flak holes through right wing outer panel, skin, corrugation and Tokyo [tanks] hit. Small flak hole through right wing tip. Flak hole through trailing edge of right wing inner panel, skin, flap and spar damaged. Two very small flak holes in skin of left bomb bay door. Flak hole through left aileron trim tab. Small flak hole through left wing outer panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Flak hole in trailing edge of right wing inner panel, skin and corrugation damaged. Flak nicked #1 prop. Flak tore rudder fabric. Flak tear in left side of vertical fin, skin and stringers damaged. Flak hole in left side of base of dorsal fin and out under right stabilizer. Skin, and cable damaged. Flak hole in right side of fuselage aft of radio room, skin, circumferential stiffener and radar equipment damaged. Flak hole on top of fuselage aft of top turret, skin and stiffener damaged. Flak hole through fuselage at station #2, skin and circumferential damaged. Flak hole in leading edge of left wing outer panel, skin, corrugation, Tokyo tanks and main spars damaged.
    3. Airplane No. 43-37524, 511th Squadron. Small flak hole on top of left wing outer panel, skin, diagonal and spar damaged.
    4. Airplane No. 42-97196, 510th Squadron. Two flak holes in left wing outer panel underside. Skin, corrugation and two Tokyo tanks damaged. Small flak hole in leading edge of left stabilizer, skin damage only.

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMAJOR DAMAGEMINOR DAMAGEDAMAGED BY FLAK
    4134
[Signed:] Carl A. Ekblad, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report – Lead Combat Box:
  1. A negative report is submitted for the Mission of 20 July, 1944.
[Signed:] Michael Steele, CWO, USA, Group Armament Officer


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 926 Squadron - 509   Pilot - Walker
Time of Abortive -   Location when Aborted -
Reason For Abortive - SPARE
Disposition of Bombs: Returned.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] No Signature
[Handwritten at Bottom] Called into CBW, Rocky.



Aircraft No. 082 Squadron - 510th   Pilot - Whitten
Time of Abortive - 0903  Location when Aborted - Mid-Channel
Reason For Abortive - Spare
Disposition of Bombs: Returned with bombs.
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] Charles E. Whitten
[Handwritten at Bottom] Called into CBW, Rocky.



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "A" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: [None]
    Sqdn 509th A/C: L–7676, U–7216, (X–7926 Flying Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: [None]
    Sqdn 511th A/C: U–7381, Q–7005, B–7492, D–7524, Z–7046, K–6139, S–7318, X–7571, Y–7216, A–1238
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: _____

    b. 94th "B" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: Q–1879, K–7557, L–7920, N–7727, F–1711, A–1702, C–7843
    Sqdn 509th A/C: R–6156, P–7193
    Sqdn 510th A/C: S–7512, F–7124, M–7196, (B–6082 Flying Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: [None]

  2. Target: GZ2703
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T SKCM R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T LMN R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T MXK R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T TRT R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Combat Wing Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    "A"082815,000 Ft Felixstowe
    "B"083815,000 Ft Felixstowe
  5. Combat Wing Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    "A"090220,000 Ft 51°44'N-03°56'E [Brouwershaven, Netherlands]
    "B"091220,000 Ft 51°44'N-03°56'E [Brouwershaven, Netherlands]
  6. Combat Wing Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    "A"132920,000 Ft 51°44'N-03°56'E [Brouwershaven, Netherlands]
    "B"133920,000 Ft 51°44'N-03°56'E [Brouwershaven, Netherlands]
  7. Combat Wing Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    "A"14045,000 Ft Felixstowe
    "B"14145,000 Ft Felixstowe
  8. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: "A" 1431 Hours, "B" 1441 Hours
  9. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "H"
  10. Bomb load of Each A/C: 94th "A" High Box
    508 Squadron: [None]
    509 Squadron: 10 x 500 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses]
    510 Squadron: [None]
    511 Squadron: 10 x 500 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 x 1/100 [Fuses]


    Bomb load of Each A/C: 94th "B" High Box
    508 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    509 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    510 Squadron: Maximum [Number of] M-47A1 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    511 Squadron: [None]
  11. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2700 Gallons
  12. Group Leader:
    a. "A" High Box: Name: R.H. Brooks Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: U-7381  Sqdn. 511th
    b. "B" High Box: Name: D.E. Floden Rank: Capt. A/C: Q-1879 Sqdn. 508th
  13. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  14. PFF A/C: Y-7600 - 508th Sqdn. with 457th Group
      Z-7638 - 510th Sqdn. with 401st Group

Report Compiled By Muesing, I.C., S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "A" Combat Wing High Box Formation at Take–Off & Over Target
511th Squadron
Brooks
A/C 42-97381 U
Uttley
A/C 42-97492 B
Woodrum
A/C 43-37665 N
Smith, D.W.
A/C 43-37524 D
Belote
A/C 43-37571 X
Bjoring
A/C 44-6139 K
Long
A/C 42-107046 Z
Brackens
A/C 42-31238 A
Myl
A/C 42-107216 Y
Walcott
A/C 43-37676 L
Walker
A/C 42-97926 X [Flying Spare]
Merrill
A/C 42-97318 S
Morton
A/C 42-97216 U

[Flying Spare A/C Returned]

94th "B" Combat Wing High Box Formation at Take–Off & Over Target
508th Squadron
Floden–Leland
A/C 42-31879 Q
Muhleman
A/C 43-37920 L
Condon
A/C 43-37557 K
Lord
A/C 42-97193 P
Miller
A/C 43-37727 N
Van Sandt
A/C 42-31702 A
Wright
A/C 42-31711 F
Fisher
A/C 43-37512 S
Cartwright
A/C 44-6156 R
Edwards
A/C 42-97843 C
Whitten
A/C 44-6082 B [Flying Spare]
Longa
A/C 42-107124 F
Marsey
A/C 42-97196 M

[Flying Spare A/C Returned]

Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0830 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0330  Stations: 0605  Start Engines: 0615  Taxi: 0625
Take-Off: 0640 Leave Base: 0640 [Breakfast: 0230]

 [Wounded - 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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