351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #194

Credited Mission #188

 
DATE: 25 Aug. 1944
Target: Experimental Establishment
at Peenemünde, Germany.
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
    351st - 94th CBW “B” Box
    Stations   –0730
    Start Engines –0740
    Taxi     –0750
    Take Off   –0805
    Last Take Off –____

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Peenemunde [Germany]
    Secondary: Parow   Kiel (PFF)
    Last Resort: ____

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: 5 x 1,000 GP 1/10 – 1/40
    351 “B”:
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: All A/C will commence release of chaff at 10 minutes before target and continue for 12 minutes. Each A/C will carry 288 units.

  5. Gasoline Loading: 2700 gallons
    Remarks: ____

  6. Wing Formation:
     Wing Formation  94th (A) CBW  94th (B) CBW  94th (C) CBW  Comp. CBW 
    Lead457351401
    Low457351401
    High457351401

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead94 "A"Peenemunde
    2nd94 "B"Peenemunde
    3rd94 "C"Peenemunde
    4th1st "A"Neubrandenburg
    5th1st "B"Neubrandenburg
    6th1st "C"Neubrandenburg
    7th41 "A"Anklam
    8th41 "B"Anklam
    9th40 "A"Peenemunde
    10th40 "B"Peenemunde
    11th
    2nd Division10 CBW’sRostock, Loismer, Lubeck, etc.
    3rd Division10 CBW’sPolitz, Rechlin
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks: ____
    Base Reference Altitude – 22,000’.
    Assembly Line – Spalding to Louth.
    Interval between CBW’s – 2 minutes.
    Zero hour – 0900 hrs.

  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
      P-51's 5435-0900 Front  Balance 3-1 
      P-51's 5435-0900 Rear  Balance 3-2 
      P-51's 5448-1148 Close  Balance 3-3 
      P-47's 5440-1025   Balance 3-4 

  9. Group Assembly:
     94th "B" CBW 
    [Combat Bomb Wing]
    BoxAltitudePlace
    351st Lead 8,000'  Kings Cliffe Buncher 
    351st Low7,000'Kings Cliffe Buncher
    351st High9,000'Kings Cliffe Buncher
     94th "A" CBW 457th Lead 8,000'  Glatton Buncher 
    457th Low7,000'Glatton Buncher
    457th High9,000'Glatton Buncher
     94th "C" CBW 401st Lead 8,000'  Cottesmore Buncher 
    401st Low7,000'Cottesmore Buncher
    401st High9,000'Cottesmore Buncher

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
    A. Type of Bombing Formation -
    Intervalometer setting - Salvo
    If PFF Bombing altitude will be 25,000'.

  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.

  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –In The Clear
    Visual Bombing –In The Clear
    Authenticator –"Rose O'Day"
    Recall –"Shave Shower Shampoo"
    Weather Code –ABVIT
    Release "CHAFF" –In The Clear

    (B) Call Signs:
     94th "B" CBW Call SignsFlaresRemarks
    351st Lead GY [Green Yellow] 
    351st LowRR [Red Red]
    351st HighGG
     94th "A" CBW 457th Lead Normal 
    457th LowNormal
    457th HighNormal
     94th "C" CBW 401st Lead Normal 
    401st LowNormal
    401st HighNormal

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance Two
    R.A.F. Fighters
    BombersVinegrove 2-2
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    C.P. 1 - LouthS - Hamburg
    C.P. 2 - 5410-0600T - Lubeck
    C.P. 3 - 5443-1000R - Rostock
    C.P. 4 - 5448-1148O - Schweriner Lake
    C.P. 5 - 5448-1148N - Stettin
    G - Muritz Lake
    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800RRFS
    0800 – 1400RRZL
    1400 – 2000RGBX

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All A/C monitor except the following:
    2. - O-277, B-082, F-153
    3. - M-900, R-038, H-986
    4. - All have available

  16. Let-Down on _____, if overcast.
     94th "B" CBW Box[Let-Down On][Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st Lead  Kings Cliffe [Buncher]    035° Mag. 
    351st LowKings Cliffe [Buncher]020° Mag.
    351st HighKings Cliffe [Buncher]050° Mag.
     94th "C" CBW 401st Lead Cottesmore [Buncher]  360° Mag. 
    401st LowCottesmore [Buncher]345° Mag.
    401st HighCottesmore [Buncher]015° Mag.
     94th "A" CBW 457th Lead Glatton [Buncher]  070° Mag. 
    457th LowGlatton [Buncher]055° Mag.
    457th HighGlatton [Buncher]085° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields - Langham - 5256-0058E
    3. Landing Aids.

  18. Special Instructions:
     A. Camera A/C [Aircraft] to Return - J-978, H-665, U-216
     40th CBW will operate relay aircraft in vicinity of 5300N-0300E at 20,000'
     Scouting force - Buckeye blue will fly bomber route to arrive over targets twenty minutes before target time passing target
      conditions to CBW leaders.
     Spares turn back at 3° East.
     Descent below middle cloud on withdrawal often crossing enemy coast out.
     Buckeye blue will give you best weather route out.


Operational Narrative:
  1. Date of Mission - 25 August, 1944.
    1. Target – Peenemunde, Germany (Primary)
    2. Force – 94th "B" Combat Bomb Wing. Thirty-eight aircraft plus two flying spares and two PFF ships.
    3. Position – Second in combat wing and in the division.
    4. Lead Teams
      Lead Group
      Combat Wing Air Commander: Major John B. Carraway.
      Pilot:1st Lt Kenneth C. Hales
      Navigator:1st Lt. Lester W. Boardman
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Earl L. Branaman

      High Group
      Group Leader: 1st Lt. Charles H. Auten, Jr.
      Pilot:1st Lt. Mahlon A. Hillebrand
      Navigator:1st Lt. James G. King
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. John Androkitis
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Group & Wing Assembly - Assembly was carried out without difficulty over the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 8,000 feet.
    2.  Route Over England – Departure from the assembly point was made on time and on course. The briefed course was flown to Louth, which was reached on time (0931).
    3.  Division Assembly – The Division Assembly Line was flown as briefed. The briefed position in the Division formation (second) was flown. Departure from the English coast was made on course and on time at the briefed altitude.
    4.  Flight to Target – The briefed course was followed upon departing from the English coast, but it became necessary to make a divergency [sic] to the left in order to lose time. In doing this, the 94th “B” Combat Wing was following the Division Leader. As a result of the deviation from the briefed route, the enemy coast was not crossed at the briefed point. Shortly after leaving the east coast of the Danish Peninsula, a combat bomb wing cut in ahead of the 94th “B” Combat Bomb Wing and somewhat disrupted the formation. It was necessary to cut inside of the briefed course on the approach to the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] in order to avoid three combat bomb wings flying abreast of and on both sides of the 94th “B” Combat Bomb Wing. The interference by these other wings was responsible for the 360° turn made by the High Box before bombing. As a result, the briefed IP was not reached.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run – Lead Box: No flak or fighters were encountered on the bombing run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used after reaching the IP, but it failed to put in the corrections properly and was disengaged. The rest of the run was made manually. The aiming point was identified about 60 seconds before the release line. The ground was very hazy. The briefed aiming point was used. A normal turn was made at the IP. Bombing results were fair. The ABC computer was used.
       High Box: There was not sufficient interval between the High and Low Boxes and so a 360° turn was made before making the run on the target. The C-1 Pilot was used with good results. The aiming point was identified 120 seconds before the release line. The briefed aiming point was used. A normal turn was made at the IP. Bombing results were good. The ABC computer was used with good results.
       Low Box: No difficulties were encountered on the bombing run. The C-1 Pilot was used with good results. Due to ground haze, the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] was not picked up until 45 seconds from the release line. The briefed aiming point was used. A normal turn was made at the IP. Bombing results were good. The ABC computer was used with good results.
    6.  Flight From Target – The withdrawal was made without closely following the briefed route. The 94th “B” Combat Bomb Wing flew north of course in order to avoid flak installations. The 94th “A” flew south of course apparently for the same reason. The 94th “B” Combat Bomb Wing was able to get into position behind the “A” before the departure from the enemy coast. The departure was made north of the briefed point at 19,000 feet at 1353. A normal let down procedure was followed, but was made slowly due to the deputy lead ship having only three engines. A direct route was flown to base without incident.
    7.  Fighter Support – Good.
    8.  Comments – No aircraft were lost. Flak encountered at the target was meager to moderate and accurate. Heavier flak was observed ahead of the target, but was avoided by a sharp turn. No enemy aircraft were encountered.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking – Aircraft 42-107124 (High Box), pilot Lt. Barnhart, did not attack the target when bombs were dropped early when the doors were opened. Aircraft 43-38171 (Low Box), pilot Lt. Butler, failed to attack when bombs were not dropped at the target. Both of these aircraft jettisoned their bombs over water, on the return route, and one before reaching the target.

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr., Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer


STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF OPERATIONS
94th “C” COMBAT WING FORMATION
Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off0000
No. of A/C Airborne13131238
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares12121236
No. of A/C Sorties12121236
No. of A/C Attacking12111134
No. of A/C Not Attacking0112
Name of Primary TargetPEENEMUNDE, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target12111134
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 59 x 1000 GP  55 x 1000 GP  55 x 1000 GP  169 x 1000 GP 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C Lost - Total0000
No. of A/C Lost - Flak
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off080008010803
Time of Attack1248½12551249½
Average Time of Flight8:318:328:54
Altitude of Release23,200’23,820’22,550’
Visual or PFFVisualVisualVisual
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyModerate and Accurate
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessFAIR RESULTS
PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: NONE
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows:
AircraftAssigned ToUsed ByRemarks
42-97701351st (509)351st
42-97638457th351st
42-97965351st (508)457th
42-97951457th [sic] [351st]457th
42-97687351st (509)401st


Bombardier’s Narrative – Lead Box 94th “B” Wing:

Target – Experimental Establishment at Peenemunde, Germany.
  1. No flak or fighters encountered on the bombing run.
  2. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used after reaching the I.P., but it failed to put in corrections properly and was disengaged and the rest of the run was made manually.
  3. Aiming Point was identified about 60 seconds before the Release Line. The ground was very hazy.
  4. The briefed Aiming Point was used.
  5. A normal turn was made at the I.P.
  6. Bombing Results were fair.
  7. The A.B.C. computer was used.
  [Signed] Earl L. Branaman, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, Lead Box 94th “B” Wing

Combat Bombing Flight Record – Lead Box 94th “B” Wing:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Branaman, Earl L.  Pilot - 1st Lt. Hales, K.C. & Major Carraway, J.B. Navigator - 1st Lt. Boardman, Lester W.
Aircraft B-17G   B-701  Take-off - 0800 Landed - 1625
Objective - Peenemunde near Wolgast, Germany (Experimental Establishment)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - G.P. [General Purpose] 1,000 LB. AN-M44
Number of Bombs Loaded - 5   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 10'Magnetic Heading Ordered 248° Actual 213°
True Altitude Above Target - 23,200’True Heading 210°
Indicated Altitude - 22,000Drift, Estimated 5° Right - Actual 9° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -173True Track 219°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 13,138'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KB.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 217KTime of Release 1248½
Ground Speed Est. 242 Actual 194Length of Bombing Run - 60 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 110° Actual - 170°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 23 Actual 39 MPH C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____
D.S. - 133.9  Trail - 40   ATF - 39.58A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .56 Actual .49 Manual Pilot - Yes

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - Fair
Mean Temp. Metro +5 Actual +5
Winds - Altitude - 23,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 110°  Actual 170°  Velocity - Metro 23K  Actual 36K
Temp C. - Metro -18° C. Actual -14° C.



Bombardier’s Narrative – High Box 94th “B” Wing:

Target – Experimental Establishment at Peenemunde, Germany.
  1. We did not have the proper interval with the Low Box and so had to make a 360° turn and come in on the target again.
  2. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used with good results.
  3. Aiming Point was identified 120 seconds before the Release Line.
  4. The briefed Aiming Point was used.
  5. A normal turn was made at the I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run]
  6. Bombing results were good.
  7. The A.B.C. computer was used with good results.
  [Signed] John Androkitis, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, High Box 94th “B” Wing

Combat Bombing Flight Record – High Box 94th “B” Wing:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Androkitis, John  Pilot - 1st Lt. Auten, Charles H., Jr. Navigator - 1st Lt. King, James D.
Aircraft B-17G   D-957  Take-off - 0800 Landed - 1650
Objective - Peenemunde near Wolgast, Germany (Experimental Establishment)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - G.P. [General Purpose] 1,000 LB. AN-M44
Number of Bombs Loaded - 5   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 10'Magnetic Heading Ordered 248° Actual 216°
True Altitude Above Target - 23,820’True Heading 213°
Indicated Altitude - 22,600Drift, Estimated 5° Right - Actual 6° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -173True Track 219°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 13,310'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KB.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 217KTime of Release 1255
Ground Speed Est. 217 Actual 218Length of Bombing Run - 120 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 110° Actual - 120°Intervalometer Setting - Salvo
Wind Velocity Metro 23 Actual 23 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 132  Trail - 41   ATF - 40.16A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .56 Actual .47 Manual Pilot - ___

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - Good
Mean Temp. Metro +5 Actual +5
Winds - Altitude - 22,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 110°  Actual 120°  Velocity - Metro 23K  Actual 23K
Temp C. - Metro -18° C. Actual -18° C.



Bombardier’s Narrative – Low Box 94th “B” Wing:

Target – Experimental Establishment at Peenemunde, Germany.
  1. No difficulties encountered on the bombing run.
  2. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used with good results.
  3. Due to ground haze, the M.P.I. [Mean Point of Impact] was not picked up until 45 seconds from the Release Line.
  4. The briefed Aiming Point was used.
  5. A normal turn was made at the Initial Point.
  6. Bombing results were good.
  7. The A.B.C. computer was used with good results.
  [Signed] John J. Schadegg, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, Low Box 94th “B” Wing

Combat Bombing Flight Record – Low Box 94th “B” Wing:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Schadegg, John J.  Pilot - Captain Pryor, Clifford T. Navigator - F/O/ Curley, John P.
Aircraft B-17G   Q-080  Take-off - 0815 Landed - 1645
Objective - Peenemunde near Wolgast, Germany (Experimental Establishment)
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As briefed
Initial Point - As briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____    Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - G.P. [General Purpose] 1,000 LB. AN-M44
Number of Bombs Loaded - 5   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 10'Magnetic Heading Ordered 248° Actual 204°
True Altitude Above Target - 22,550’True Heading 200°
Indicated Altitude - 21,400Drift, Estimated 5° Right - Actual 3° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target -173True Track 203°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 12,954'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KB.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 217KTime of Release 1249½
Ground Speed Est. 242 Actual 200Length of Bombing Run - 45 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 110° Actual - 195°Intervalometer Setting - Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 23 Actual 28 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 136  Trail - 41   ATF - 30.98A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .57 Actual .46 Manual Pilot - ___

Type of Release - Salvo
Point of Impact If Seen - Good
Mean Temp. Metro -5 Actual -5
Winds - Altitude - 22,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 110°  Actual 195°  Velocity - Metro 23K  Actual 28K
Temp C. - Metro -18° C. Actual -14° C.



Preliminary Damage Assessment:
  1. The target for the three boxes of the “A” mission was the experimental establishment at Peenemunde, Germany. Photo coverage was only fair.
  2. The bombs of the Lead Box fell to the right of the target area with three bursts near the target. There are no hits on installations, but there are three near misses on construction of some sort. The pattern is 1,650 feet by 1,210 feet, with the center of the pattern 1,540 feet to the right of the MPI [Mean Point of Impact].
  3. The Low Box bombs fell into smoke of the Lead Box and the pattern is partially obscured. Approximately eleven bombs can be plotted in the target area. There are no hits on installations, but there are two near misses on the building and three near misses on construction forms.
  4. Photo cover was not complete for the High Box due to a sharp turn after bombs away. However, approximately twenty bombs can be plotted and they are all in the target area. There is a direct hit on the building and two possible hits on construction forms.
  [Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence]


Intelligence S-2 Reports:
  1. There were no leaflets carried on today’s mission.
  2. The primary target, the experimental station at Peenemunde, was bombed by the three boxes of this combat wing. Results of this visual bombing show the bombing of the lead box to be fair with the main concentration to the north of the briefed MPI [Mean Point of Impact], but with a few hits directly on the MPI. The low and high boxes show good results, with heavy concentrations on the MPI.
  3. This combat wing suffered no attacks from E/A [Enemy Aircraft], and no claims are being submitted.
  4. Flak encountered at the target was meager to moderate, and accurate. Heavier flak was observed ahead of the target coming from the airfield, but this was avoided by a sharp turn. Meager flak was observed over Heligoland, Amrumbank Island, Westerhever, and Flensburg.
  5. Weather in the target area was clear and good visual sightings were possible.
  6. A considerable amount of shipping was observed in the general area to the north and north-west of Peenemunde. From 15 to 20 T/E E/A [Twin-Engine Enemy Aircraft] were observed on the airfield at Peenemunde. A considerable amount of shipping was docked in Prorer Bay and at least two batteries of flak guns were observed along the shore.
  7. PFF aircraft were used as navigational aids. Fighter support was good. None of our aircraft were lost.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

1. Following are the comments made by combat crew members flying today’s mission to Peenemunde:

    508th Squadron:
A/C 277-O: Suggest announcing chaff away on B Channel. – Lt. Jones.

    510th Squadron:
A/C 955-P: Trucks ran around empty for at least ten minutes before picking up crew. Drivers don’t seem to know where to go.
A/C 108-Y: Would like more cookies and not so much candy. – Crew.
A/C 515-L: Still too much chatter on VHF. From Woodcraft Able, leads, and deputy in particular. – Lt. Whittaker.
A/C 082-B: Too fast a 360° turn at the target. Air speed 180. – Lt. Marsey.
A/C 665-N: Woodcraft Able was using VHF all the way in – even mentioned the target. – Lt. Belmeyer.
A/C 193-P: Air speed too slow, causing poor formation. – Lt. Matre.

    511th Squadron:
A/C 100-B: On the entire mission the lead and deputy lead of some groups were constantly checking altitude and air speed over VHF. If they must give this information wouldn’t it be possible to arrange a code. – Lt. Myers

  [Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2 [Intelligence]


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 43-37854, 509th Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
    2. Airplane No. 42-97252, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31711, 508th Squadron. Flak hole through right wing tip, damaging main wing rib. Plexiglass nose damaged by flak. (MAJOR).
    2. Airplane No. 43-38277, 508th Squadron. Flak hole underside of right wing, between fuselage and #3 nacelle. (MINOR).
    3. Airplane No. 42-31879, 508th Squadron. Slight skin hole by flak underside left stabilizer. Skin rip underside left wing forward of trailing edge. (MINOR).
    4. Airplane No. 42-31192, 508th Squadron. Two flak holes top of right wing, flak lodged in fuel tanks. One flak skin hole underside of each wing. One flak skin hole left side of vertical stabilizer. One flak skin hole left side of fuselage forward of waist window. Two flak skin holes right side of fuselage, forward of waist window. (MAJOR).
    5. Airplane No. 42-97701, 509th Squadron. One flak hole underside of left stabilizer. Numerous flak holes underside of left wing, damaging skin, corrugation and Tokyo tanks. Flak hole #1 nacelle. Flak hole underside of right wing, damaging #4 oil cooler. Two flak holes top of left wing panel, skin damage only. (MAJOR).
    6. Airplane No. 42-97638, 510th Squadron. Flak hole through right elevator, damaging bulkhead. Two flak holes bottom of right wing, one going through tip, damaging skin and stringer. (MAJOR).
    7. Airplane No. 43-38070, 511th Squadron. Flak hole underside left wing, damaging skin, corrugation and #2 fuel tank. Flak hole right wing inboard panel, skin and corrugation damage. (MAJOR).
    8. Airplane No. 43-37986, 511th Squadron. Large flak hole through right wing, skin and corrugation damage. Two flak holes underside of right wing, skin, stringer, corrugation and flap damaged. (MAJOR).
    9. Airplane No. 44-8100, 511th Squadron. Flak hole into fuselage of navigator’s compartment, skin damage only. Flak hole in plexiglass nose section. Flak hole through bottom of right stabilizer, skin and stringer damage. Flak skin hole leading edge of wing. (MINOR).
    10. Airplane No. 43-38080, 511th Squadron. Flak hole into bottom of tail section, skin, stringer and bulkhead damaged. Flak hole through left stabilizer, skin damage. Large flak hole in #4 ring cowl, damaging push rod housing, and #8 cylinder. Large flak hole underside of left wing, skin and flap damage. Flak hole through bottom of left wing, skin and stringer damage. Flak hole through bomb bay emerged through right side of fuselage, damaging skin and former. Flak hole through left wing tip, skin and corrugation damage. (MAJOR).

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMAJOR DAMAGEMINOR DAMAGEBY FLAK
    107310
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Armament Report:
  1. The following armament malfunctions were reported on the first Mission of 25 August, 1944.
    1. (HIGH) A/C 42-107124 – Dropped bombs at IP. Questioning of bombardier brought out the fact that the salvo lever was pushed beyond selective position after doors were opened. Bombs were released by navigator who was not familiar with rod and bell crank type bomb releasing system. (Personnel Failure).
    2. (LOW) A/C 43-38171 – Bombs were not released in target area. Bombardier reports salvo system failed to function. Bombing system checked after return of aircraft, and all three salvo switches functioned normally. (Personnel Failure).
  [Signed:] Clement E. Hayes, Captain, USA, Group Armament Officer


“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: O–8277, Q–1879, K–8130, R–1192, L–7956, M–7900, G–7950, P–7258, J–7978, F–1711
    Sqdn 509th A/C: B–7701, (V–7854 Spare)
    Sqdn 510th A/C: Z–7638
    Sqdn 511th A/C:
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ____

    b. 94th "B" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C:
    Sqdn 509th A/C: P–7193, Y–6108
    Sqdn 510th A/C: D–7957, P–2955, B–6082, F–7124, L–7515, R–8038, M–7196, S–7512, N–7665, V–8123, (K–7252 Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C:

    c. 94th "B" Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C:
    Sqdn 509th A/C: U–7216
    Sqdn 510th A/C:
    Sqdn 511th A/C: Q–8080, G–8070, F–8153, X–7571, K–6139, Y–8171, D–7524, S–7318, H–7986, B–8100, P–8089
  2. Target: GU-4387
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T UHQ R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T UCL R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T NGR R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T SRZ R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0750; Take-Off – 0805; E.T.D. Field – Take Off
    b. ____ Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    09318,000 Ft Louth
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    114120,000 Ft 54°27'N-09°00'E [3 miles SW of Husum, Germany]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    141020,000 Ft 54°27'N-09°00'E [3 miles SW of Husum, Germany]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    16072,000 Ft Cromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1638 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    508 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail [Fuses]
    509 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail
    510 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail
    511 Squadron:

    Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" High Box
    508 Squadron:
    509 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail
    510 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail
    511 Squadron:

    Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Low Box
    508 Squadron:
    509 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail
    510 Squadron:
    511 Squadron: 5 x 1000 G.P. 1/10 Nose x 1/40 Tail
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2700 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: J.B. Carraway Rank: Major A/C: B-7701  Sqdn. 509th
    b. High Box: Name: C.H. Auten Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: D-7957 Sqdn. 510th
    c. Low Box: Name: C.T. Pryor Rank: Capt. A/C: Q-8080 Sqdn. 511th
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. PFF A/C:
    A. B-7701 - 509 & Z-7638 - 510 - Flying with 351st Group.
    B. Z-7965 - 508 & C-7951 - 511 - Flying with 457th Group.
    C. A-7687 - 509th - flying with 401st Group.

Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "B" CBW Lead Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
Carraway–Hales
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
Van Sandt
A/C 43-38277 O
Glawe–Crabb
A/C 43-97638 Z PFF
Miller
A/C 43-37956 L
Dryer
A/C 42-31879 Q
Moulton
A/C 43-37850 G
Jizmejian
A/C 43-37900 M
Wishnewsky
A/C 42-31192 R
Kennedy
A/C 43-38130 K
Ballard
A/C 42-97258 P
Gurke
A/C 43-37854 V Spare
Angelini
A/C 42-31711 F
Muffett
A/C 43-37978 J

Spare Aircraft returned as planned.

94th "B" CBW High Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
510th Squadron
Auten–Hillebrand
A/C 43-37957 D
Marsey
A/C 44-6082 B
Fultz
A/C 42-102955 P
Keller
A/C 44-6108 Y
Matre
A/C 42-97193 P
Gray
A/C 42-97196 M
Ford
A/C 42-38038 R
McFarland
A/C 43-37515 L
Barnhart
A/C 42-107124 F
Whitten
A/C 43-37512 S
McGee
A/C 42-97252 K Spare
Hennegan
A/C 43-38123 V
Belmeyer
A/C 43-37665 N

Spare Aircraft returned as planned.

94th "B" CBW Low Box Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
511th Squadron
Pryor
A/C 43-38080 Q
Lambert
A/C 42-38153 F
Myl
A/C 43-38070 G
Anderson
A/C 43-37524 D
Bunnell
A/C 43-37571 X
Bjoring
A/C 43-37986 H
Cregar
A/C 42-97318 S
Butler
A/C 43-38171 Y
Brown
A/C 44-6139 K
Schmellinger
A/C 44-8100 B
Adams
A/C 43-38089 P
Haba
A/C 42-97216 U


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0900 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0500  Stations: 0725  Start Engines: 0735  Taxi: 0750  Take-Off: 0805  Leave Base: 0915 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0330; Officers 0400]

[Wounded On Mission: 0]


The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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