351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #156

Credited Mission #150

 
DATE: 5 Sep. 1944
Target: Ludwigshaven, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:
  1. Airplane and Crew Assignment Check.

  2. Time Schedule:
     Lead Box
    Stations   –0655
    Start Engines –0705
    Taxi     –0715
    Take Off   –0730
    Last Take Off –____

  3. Targets:
    Primary: Ludwigshaven, Germany
    Secondary: Biblis A/D [Airdrome] & Darmstadt A/D
    Last Resort: Any military objective east of Rhine [River] positively identified as being in Germany.

  4. Loading:
    351 “A”: All A/C [Aircraft] Max. [Maximum number of] M-47 IB [Incendiary Bomb]
    351 “B”:
    Composite:
    Nickels [Propaganda Leaflets] in Ship # - None
    Chaff: All A/C - Release Chaff at 2 min. before I.P. [Initial Point of Bomb Run] and continue for 15 min. Each A/C will carry 360 units.
  5. Gasoline Loading: 2700 gallons
    Remarks: ____

  6. Wing Formation:
     Wing Formation  94th (A) CBW  94th (B) CBW  94th (C) CBW  Comp. CBW 
    Lead351st401st
    Low351st401st
    High351st401st

  7. Division Formation:
    PositionCBW [Combat Wing]TargetDeparture Time at Coast
    Lead40th "A"0921 Hastings
    2nd40th "B"0923 Hastings
    3rd1st "A"0925 Hastings
    4th1st "B"0927 Hastings
    5th41st "A"0929 Hastings
    6th41st "B"0931 Hastings
    7th94th "A"0933 Hastings
    8th94th "B"0935 Hastings
    9th
    10th
    11th
    2nd Division5 CBW'sKarlsrhue M/Y0937 Brighton
    3rd Division6 CBW'sStuttgart - Air/Armament0939 Selsey Bill
    Marauders
    RAF [Royal Air Force]

    Remarks:
     1. Interval between CBW's - Two minutes
     2. Base Reference Altitude - 22,000 ft.
     3. Division Assembly line - Hastings enroute to 5003-0122E.
  8. Fighter Cover:
    • [Force][Latitude & Longitude][Call Sign]
       1 Group P-51's  4905 to 0445E  Balance 2-1 
      1 Group P-51's 4905 to 0455E  Balance 2-2 
      1 Group P-51's Target Area  Balance 2-3 

  9. Group Assembly:
     94th "A" CBW 
    [Combat Bomb Wing]
    BoxAltitudePlace
    351st Lead 10,000'  Kings Cliffe Buncher 
    351st Low9,000'Kings Cliffe Buncher
    351st High11,000'Kings Cliffe Buncher
     94th "B" CBW 401st Lead 10,000'  Cottesmore Buncher 
    401st Low9,000'Cottesmore Buncher
    401st High11,000'Cottesmore Buncher

  10. Navigator - _____
  11. S-2 - _____
  12. Weather - _____
  13. Special Instructions to Gunners, Bombardiers, and Radio Operators:
     A. Type of Bombing Formation - ____
     Intervalometer settings - Visual - Salvo; PFF - 50 ft.
     Mention about T-1 Candle
     Crews to leave Cowl Flaps all way open until a few seconds before take-off.
     All crews report to all interrogation tables after mission (Eng., comm., etc.).
     Chaff - 2 mins. before IP & continue 15 min.
     (Want H2X pictures for bomb release line.)

  14. Squadron Leaders and Group Deputy report to Target Room. All but Pilots Dismissed.

  15. (A) Code Words –
    PFF Bombing –In the clear
    Visual Bombing –In the clear
    Authenticator –Double Play
    Recall (Abandon)–Big John Special
    Weather Code –TBAVI
    Release "CHAFF" –In the clear

    (B) Call Signs:
    Call SignFlaresRemarks
    351st LeadWoodcraft Able LeadGY [Green Yellow]
    351st HighWoodcraft Able HighGG
    351st LowWoodcraft Able LowRR
    401st LeadWoodcraft Baker LeadRY
    401st B
    457th A
    457th B
    Composite
    1st C.B.W.
    40th C.B.W.
    41st C.B.W.
    Composite C.B.W.

    (C)
    U.S. FightersBalance Two
    R.A.F. Fighters
    BombersVinegrove Two-Seven
    U.S. Grnd. ControlColgate
    R.A.F. Grnd. Control

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    _____W - Compiegne
    _____R - Chalons
    _____I - Nancy
    _____N - Strasbourg
    _____K - Stuttgart
    _____L - Ludwigshaven
    _____E - Karlsruhe

    Remarks: ____

    (D)
    Colors of the Day
    TimeColorLetterChallenge
    0200 – 0800Y-YRJL
    0800 – 1400GYXO
    1400 – 2000RGPZ

    (E) Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. - All A/C monitor except the following:
    2. - R-038, L-956, V-854
    3. - K-252, D-139, X-926
    4. - Available on all A/C for A/S [Air/Sea] Rescue.

  16. Let-Down on Kingscliffe Buncher S.O.P. [Standard Operating Procedure], if overcast.
    351st A   030° Mag. [Magnetic Compass Heading]
    351st B   ___° Mag.
    401st A   ___° Mag.
    457th A   ___° Mag.

  17. Flying Control. –
    1. Taxi Plan.
    2. Emergency Fields - Friston 5046N-0010E
    3. Landing Aids.


  18. Special Instructions:
     1. Camera A/C to Return - N-665, F-674, O-277.
     2. The Primary Target will be attacked at altitude of 25,000' if possible. In the event the cloud base necessitates a lower altitude, the primary target will not be attacked at a lower altitude than 22,000 ft.
     3. Spares turn back at mid channel.
     4. Call sign weather A/C is "Partnership Uncle".


Operational Narrative:
  1. Date of Mission - 5 September, 1944.
    1. Target Attacked – Ludwigshaven, Germany.
    2. Force – 94th "A" Combat Bomb Wing. Thirty-eight aircraft, including two flying spares, took off.
    3. Position – Briefed to fly as the seventh combat wing in the First Bomb Division. Flew in sixth position for the first part of mission.
    4. Lead Teams
      Lead Group
      CBW Air Commander: Major Paul L. Fishburne
      Pilot:Captain Sterling L. McClusky
      Navigator:Lt. John R. Gulnac
      Bombardier:Lt. Edward R. Craig

      High Group
      Group Leader: Lt. Charles E. Wolcott
      Pilot:Lt. John R. Coulam
      Navigator:Lt. Joseph A. Glover
      Bombardier:Lt. Wayne R. Smith

      Low Group
      Group Leader: Capt. Kenneth M. Crabb
      Pilot:Capt. James F. Lowry
      Navigator:Lt. Rex E. Kinnucan
      Bombardier:Lt. Alexander H. Kubetin
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Group & Wing Assembly - The assembly of the three groups and of the combat wing was carried out without difficulty at the King's Cliff buncher at the briefed altitude of 10,000 feet.
    2.  Route Over England – The briefed route was followed over England from the assembly point to Colchester. Departure from the assembly point was 3½ minutes early. March was reached on the briefed route 3 minutes early and Colchester two minutes early. Upon leaving Colchester, the Combat Wing Air Commander varied to the left of course in order to make a double drift and thus lose time. However, before the double drift was completed, another combat wing was seen ahead which was thought to be the formation scheduled to precede the 94th "A" CBW in the Division formation. This combat wing was followed, and the remainder of the course over England was flown to the left of course.
    3.  Division Assembly – The Division Assembly Line was not flown as briefed, the 94th CBW being in sixth instead of seventh position. No difficulties were encountered, however, and departure from the English coast was made to the left of course at the briefed time at 15,250 feet, 250 feet above the briefed altitude.
    4.  Flight to Target – A course parallel to the briefed route was flown in crossing the channel and as a result the French coast was crossed to the left of the briefed course one minute early and at 16,000 feet, 1,000 feet above the briefed altitude. The briefed course was loosely flown due to the difficulties encountered in attempting to get through the bad weather. Bombing altitude was reached in sufficient time and the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was reached at the briefed point. The target was not then obscured by cloud and a smoke screen was not effective. The 94th "A" CBW had been able to change its position from sixth in the Division formation to its briefed position of seventh a short distance inside of the French coast by making a double drift and allowing the following combat wing to pass it.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run – Lead Box - The deputy aircraft [The plane to the right of the lead aircraft.] took over the lead when the mickey set [Radar] became inoperative in the lead ship. The deputy aircraft could not bomb after establishing the run due to the PFF being inoperative. The lead aircraft took over the group again and bombed visually after a short run. Intense flak was encountered in the target area. It had been necessary to make a 360° turn at the target after the first run. The low and high boxes followed and bombed on their first runs and the lead Group of the 94th "A" CBW made its run after the 94th "B" CBW, thus bombing as last group. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used with good results. The target area was covered by clouds, but the briefed aiming point was identified 40 seconds before bombs away. The briefed aiming point was used, but results were unobserved. A normal turn was made at the IP. Pre-set data was used in the ABC Computer.
      Low Box - Flak was encountered on the bombing run. The C-1 Pilot was used with good results. The target area was covered by clouds towards the end of the run, but the briefed aiming point was identified 180 seconds before the release lint. The results were observed to be good. The briefed aiming pooint was used. A normal turn was made at the IP. Pre-set data was used in the ABC Computer with good results.
      High Box - Intense flak was encountered on the bombing run. The C-1 Pilot was used. The briefed aiming point was not used when it could not be picked up due to complete cloud cover over the target. Bombs were released on the smoke markers of a preceding group. Results could not be observed. A normal turn was made at the IP. Pre-set data was used in the ABC Computer.
    6.  Flight From Target – Both the lead and deputy lead aircraft of the Lead Group were damaged by the flak encountered in the target area. The Combat Wing Air Commander ordered the deputy leader to take over the formation. After some difficulty in collecting the then scattered formation, the deputy leader led the group on the withdrawal. A decrease in altitude was started soon after the target was left. The briefed route could not be followed due to the bad weather encountered. It was necessary to make several variances from the briefed route, as indicated on the Track Chart. A 360° turn was made shortly before the French coast waas reached in order to get under the bad weather observed ahead. This was completed without difficulty and the French coast was crossed at 1358 at 1600 [16,000?] feet. A normal let down procedure had been followed in the approach to the French coast. Departure from the French coast had been scheduled at 15,000 feet at 1337. Bad weather and variances from the briefed course in attempting to avoid the bad weather had caused the variance in times. The return to base was made by the Lead Group to the right of course in order to follow the instruction of the First Bomb Division to stay forty miles from London on the return flight. Base was reached without further difficulty. It was necessary for several aircraft to land at Glatton when the runway was blocked by a plane with a blown tire.
       The Low Box was able to bomb on the first run. A turn to the right was made after bombing and the briefed course intersected at a point Northeast of the target. The briefed course was loosely followed due to the bad weather encountered. Shortly before reaching the French coast, a dog-leg to the left was made in order to let down to 2,200 [22,000?] feet at the French coast. This was crossed slightly to the right of the briefed point at 1358. The course flown to base was to the right of course in order to stay the required distance from London. Two aircraft landed at Glatton, and the remainder landed at base without further difficulty.
       The High Box made a right turn after bombing, flew due west until the briefed route was located, and then made a large divergency to the north on order to avoid the bad weather ahead. A return to the briefed point of departure was made and the formation left the French coast south of the briefed point at 1348 at 1700 [17,000?] feet. A normal let down procedure had been followed. The English coast was reached at Hastings and the return to base was made without difficulty. None of the groups had had visual contact with one another on the withdrawal and a combat wing formation was at no time flown.
    7.  Fighter Support – Very good.
    8.  Comments – Aircraft 43-38149, pilot Lt. Wright, was hit by flak in the target area and was seen to burst into flames and lose a wing as it fell out of control. Two parachutes were seen before the aircraft was lost in the clouds below. Intense and accurate flak was encountered in the target area. No enemy aircraft were encountered.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking – Two flying spares returned as planned. Aircraft 42-31560, pilot Lt. Matre, did not drop its bombs when over the target. It is reported that the bombardier did not see the bombs away from the lead ship. (Lead Group)

  [Signed] Carl C. Hinkle, Jr., Major, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Statistical Summary:
94th "A" COMBAT BOMB WING FORMATION
Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off0000
No. of A/C Airborne13131238
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares12121236
No. of A/C Sorties12121236
No. of A/C Attacking11121235
No. of A/C Not Attacking1001
Name of Primary TargetLudwigshaven, Germany
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target11121235
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs448 x 100# IB501 x 100# IB487 x 100# IB1436 x 100# IB
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
No. of A/C Lost - Total0011
No. of A/C Lost - Flak0011
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off072607280729
Time of Attack115511231122
Average Time of Flight7:377:417:49
Altitude of Release25,178’25,750’24,560’
Visual or PFFVisualVisualVisual
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyIntense and Accurate
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessUnobserved

PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: NONE
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: None


Bombardier’s Narrative For The Mission Of This Date:
Lead Box 94th "A" Wing
Target - Ludwigshafen, Germany
  1. The Deputy A/C was called on to make a PFF run as the Mickey [Radar] was out in the Lead A/C. The Deputy A/C could not bomb after establishing the run due to the PFF being inoperative so the Lead A/C took over on a second run and bombed visually on a short run. Intense flak was encountered on the bombing run.
  2. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used with good results.
  3. Target area was covered by clouds, but briefed aiming point was identified forty (40) seconds before bombs away.
  4. The briefed aiming point was used, but results were unobserved.
  5. A normal turn was made at the initial point.
  6. Preset data was used in the A.B.C. computer.
  [Signed] Edward W. Craig, 1st Lt. Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, Lead Box 94th "A" Wing.


Combat Bombing Flight Record, Lead Box 94th "A" Wing:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Craig, Edward W.  Pilot - Major Fishburne, Paul L. Navigator - 1st Lt. Gulnac, John R.
Aircraft B-17G   Z-687  Take-off - 0726 Landed - 1513
Objective - Ludwigshafen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 Lb., M47A1
Number of Bombs Loaded - 42   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - Instantaneous   Tail - ____
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:

Altitude of Target - 300'Magnetic Heading Ordered 58° Actual 26°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,178'True Heading 20°
Indicated Altitude - 25,000Drift, Estimated 5° Right - Actual 7° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +471True Track 28°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 20,586'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KB.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 230KTime of Release 1155
Ground Speed Est. 315 Actual 224Length of Bombing Run - 40 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 250° Actual - 255°Intervalometer Setting - * Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 60K Actual 75K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 121.5  Trail - 150   ATF - 46.72A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .68 Actual .67 Manual Pilot - ____
 * - Group Intervalometer setting was minimum.

Type of Release - Min.
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved
Mean Temp. Metro -1 Actual -1
Winds - Altitude - 25,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 250°  Actual 255°  Velocity - Metro 60K  Actual 75K
Temp C. - Metro -27° C. Actual -21° C.



Bombardier’s Narrative For The Mission Of This Date:
High Box 94th "A" Wing
Target - Ludwigshafen, Germany
  1. Intense flak was encountered on the bombing run.
  2. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used.
  3. Briefed aiming point could not be picked up due to 10/10 cloud directly over the target.
  4. Bombs were released on the smoke markers of a Preceding group. Results could not be unobserved.
  5. A normal turn was made at the initial point.
  6. Preset data was used in the A.B.C. computer.
  [Signed] Wayne R. Smith, 2nd Lt. Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, High Box 94th "A" Wing.


Combat Bombing Flight Record, High Box 94th "A" Wing:

Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Smith, Wayne R.  Pilot - 1st Lt. Wolcott, Charles E. Navigator - 2nd Lt. Clover, Joseph A.
Aircraft B-17G   Y-651  Take-off - 0728 Landed - 1509
Objective - Ludwigshafen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - Bomb on smoke bomb of preceding Group.
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: None
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: None   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 Lb., M47A1
Number of Bombs Loaded - 42   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - Instantaneous   Tail - ____
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  No aiming point used.

Altitude of Target - 300'Magnetic Heading Ordered 58° Actual 35°
True Altitude Above Target - 25,750'True Heading __°
Indicated Altitude - 25,600Drift, Estimated 4° Right - Actual 5° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +471True Track __°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,202'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KB.S. Type - M-9
True Air Speed - 228KTime of Release 1123
Ground Speed Est. 315 Actual ___Length of Bombing Run - ___
Wind Direction Metro - 250° Actual - ___°Intervalometer Setting - * Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 60K Actual __K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 119  Trail - 150   ATF - 46.35A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .66 Actual .63 Manual Pilot - ____
 * - Group Intervalometer setting was minimum.

Type of Release - Minimum
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved
Mean Temp. Metro -1 Actual __
Winds - Altitude - 25,600 Ft.  Direction - Metro 250°  Actual ___°  Velocity - Metro 60K  Actual __K
Temp C. - Metro -27° C. Actual -__° C.



Bombardier’s Narrative For The Mission Of This Date:
Low Box 94th "A" Wing
Target - Ludwigshafen, Germany
  1. Flak was encountered on the bombing run.
  2. C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was used with good results.
  3. Target area was covered by clouds towards the end of the run, but briefed aiming point was identified 180 seconds before the release line. Results were observed to be good.
  4. The briefed aiming point was used.
  5. A normal turn was made at the initial point.
  6. Preset data was used in the A.B.C. computer with good results.
  [Signed] Alexander H. Kubetin, 1st Lt. Air Corps, Lead Bombardier, Low Box 94th "A" Wing.


Combat Bombing Flight Record, Lead Box 94th "A" Wing:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Kubetin, Alexander H.  Pilot - Capt. Crabb, Kenneth M. Navigator - 1st Lt. Kinnucan, Rex E.
Aircraft B-17G   H-004  Take-off - 0729 Landed - 1518
Objective - Ludwigshafen, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - As Briefed
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 12   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 100 Lb., M47A1
Number of Bombs Loaded - 42   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - Instantaneous   Tail - ____
Synchronization - On

Information at Release Point:  Clouds toward the end of the run.

Altitude of Target - 300'Magnetic Heading Ordered 58° Actual 42°
True Altitude Above Target - 24,560'True Heading 34°
Indicated Altitude - 24,300Drift, Estimated 4° Right - Actual 8° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +471True Track 42°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 17,234'
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KB.S. Type - "g" Norden
True Air Speed - 228KTime of Release 1122
Ground Speed Est. 315 Actual 250Length of Bombing Run - 50 sec.
Wind Direction Metro - 250° Actual - 240°Intervalometer Setting - * Minimum
Wind Velocity Metro 60K Actual 55K C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 122.5  Trail - 150   ATF - 45.05A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .70 Actual .65 Manual Pilot - ____
 * - Group Intervalometer setting was minimum.

Type of Release - Min.
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved
Mean Temp. Metro -1 Actual -1
Winds - Altitude - 24,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 250°  Actual 240°  Velocity - Metro 60K  Actual 55K
Temp C. - Metro -27° C. Actual -20° C.



Intelligence S-2 Reports:
  1. There were no leaflets carried on today's mission.
  2. Cloud coverage and lack of ground detail prevented plotting of bomb strikes. Heavy black smoke was observed at the target, and no bomb bursts could be seen.
  3. No enemy aircraft were encountered, and there are no claims.
  4. Flak at the target was intense and accurate. There appeared to be a barrage before our formation reached the target, but continuous following was used over the target. About six inaccurate bursts were observed in the area of Saarburcken.
  5. 8/10ths clouds prevailed in the target area, but a break in the clouds at the target enabled visual sighting and bombing. Results were obscured by clouds.
  6. [Observations] Nil.
  7. PFF units were used as navigational aids. Fighter support was good. Our A/C D-139 is missing in action. It was hit by flak in the target area, burst into flames and lost a wing as it fell out of control. Two parachutes were seen before this plane was lost in the clouds below.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron:
A/C O-277: Waited over one hour for transportation. - Lt. Wishnewsky.
  Camera ships should have Gee box so it can return early. - Lt. Shaver.
A/C K-130: Additional rations needed on plane. - Crew.
A/C N-727: Stick together after bomb run; Let's not break up. - Lt. Goodman.

    509th Squadron:
A/C L-676: Leader of low element of the high group kept boxing us in on the route in as we were flying #6 position. - Lt. Horowitz.
A/C S-914: Navigation without a G-box was extremely difficult today. - Lt. Kyser.
A/C Y-216: Very good judgment on part of group leader in turning away from target. - Lt. Cunningham.

    510th Squadron:
A/C V-123: Short three flak aprons in this aircraft. - Lt. Whittaker.
A/C G-862: Formation broke up completely after bombs away. - All officers.
A/C N-665: No rations. - Lt. Bennett.
A/C Z-965: No rations in plane. - Crew.

  [Signed:] Robert P. Ramsey, Major, Air Corps, Group S-2.


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 42-31192, 508th Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
    2. Airplane No. 43-37515, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned. (Reason: Flying Spare).
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. Airplane No. 42-97965, 508th Squadron. Extensive damage, skin corrugation and control cables. Aircraft DS Glatton. (Major).
    2. Airplane No. 43-37900, 508th Squadron. Flak skin hole Pilot's compartment. (Minor).
    3. Airplane No. 43-38277, 508th Squadron. Flak hole underside right inboard wing panel, fuel tank damaged. Five flak holes underside left inboard wing panel, damaging skin, corrugation, tokio tank, and main tank. (Major).
    4. Airplane No. 43-37727, 508th Squadron. Flak skin and corrugation damage to top and bottom of right wing tip. (Minor).
    5. Airplane No. 43-37850, 508th Squadron. Skin damage by flak to left and right elevators. (Minor).
    6. Airplane No. 42-97193, 509th Squadron. Flak skin hole leading edge right wing between #3 and #4 nacelles. Flak skin hole left side of fuselage, forward of waist window. (Minor).
    7. Airplane No. 43-37674, 509th Squadron. Flak damage to Pilot's window. (Minor).
    8. Airplane No. 43-37854, 509th Squadron. Fabric hole by flak left elevator. Flak skin hole left bomb bay door. Broken window Navigator's compartment and skin damage by flak. (Minor).
    9. Airplane No. 42-31384, 509th Squadron. Extensive battle Damage. Airplane is DS Glatton. (Major).
    10. Airplane No. 42-97216, 509th Squadron. Two flak holes through left elevator and one through right elevator. Two flak holes through left stabilizer. Flak hole ball turret. Flak hole left side of tail section. Two flak holes underside right wing. Three flak holes, skin and corrugation damage, to underside right wing. Three flak holes, skin and corrugation damage, to underside left wing. Flak hole gusset plate, damaging hydraulic line, bulkhead four and which emerged out ball turret. (Major).
    11. Airplane No. 42-39914, 509th Squadron. Flak hole underside right wing, near trailing edge. Flak damage to #4 propeller. Bombardier's window cracked by flak. Three flak holes right side of tail section. Flak hole #1 nacelle, skin damage only. Flak hole underside nose section, rear of plexiglass. (Major).
    12. Airplane No. 43-37964, 509th Squadron. Flak hole left stabilizer tip. Flak hole plexiglass nose. Flak damage to #1 engine, necessitating change. Flak hole through right wing tip. Flak hole underside left wing, inboard panel. (Major).
    13. Airplane No. 43-37676, 509th Squadron. Six flak holes through left wing, damaging fuel and tokio tanks. Two flak holes underside left wing. Seven flak holes underside right wing. Flak damage to #3 and #4 nacelles. Two .50 cal. holes through vertical stabilizer. Five flak holes left side of fuselage from tail section to wing. Five flak holes right side of fuselage between nose and tail section. Three flak holes through right stabilizer tip. One flak hole through right elevator. (Major).
    14. Airplane No. 42-38038, 510th Squadron. Two flak holes through left aileron, sheet metal and fabric damage. One flak hole #4 prop dome. One flak skin hole #2 nacelle. Three flak holes left stabilizer, necessitating change. Flak hole through tail section, damaging longeron. Flak hole through right aileron. Flak hole entered dorsal fin at right side, damaged AFCE [Automatic Flight Control Equipment (Autopilot)] wires, radio wires, elevator cables and circumferential stiffeners. Two flak skin holes right side of fuselage forward of tail section. Flak hole #3 nacelle. Six flak holes through right wing tip and outer panel. One flak hole inner panel, damaging spar. Flak entered left inner wing panel fairing and emerged through fuselage near ball turret, damaging ball turret, bulkhead and oxygen system. Three flak holes underside of fuselage. Flak holes top of both wings, skin damage only. (Major).
    15. Airplane No. 43-37665, 510th Squadron. Two flak holes top of left wing tip. One flak hole just rear of leading edge right inboard wing panel, possible tokio tank damage. Flak hole underside left inboard wing panel, skin corrugation and spar damaged, possibly tokio tank also. (Major).
    16. Airplane No. 42-97252, 510th Squadron. Flak hole in top of fuselage above right waist window causing skin damage. Flak skin hole in leading edge of right wing. Flak hole in bottom of #3 nacelle damaging skin and push rod cover. Flak skin hole in left side of fuselage aft of waist window. Flak skin hole in right side of nose compartment. Flak hole on underside of right outer wing panel damaging skin, corrugation and spar. Flak hole on underside of left inner wing panel damaging skin, corrugation and flap. (Major).
    17. Airplane No. 42-97687, PFF, 511th Squadron. Two flak holes in bottom of tail compartment damaging skin and wiring. Flak hole in right side of radio compartment causing skin damage. Three flak holes in left side of radio compartment causing skin and bulkhead damage. Three flak holes in right bomb-bay door causing skin damage. Two flak holes on underside of fuselage near ball turret causing skin damage. Two flak holes through right elevator causing skin and former damage. Several small flak skin holes on underside of left elevator. Two flak holes through left outer wing panel damaging skin, corrugation, and former damage. Numerous flak holes through vertical stabilizer and rudder damaging skin, stabilizer, formers, corrugation and structural damage. Ten flak holes on underside of right outer wing panel damaging skin, corrugation, stringer, spar and tanks. Five flak holes on underside of right inner wing panel damaging skin, stringer, corrugation and tank. Seven flak holes on underside of left inner wing panel damaging skin, corrugation, #2 fuel tank, spar and tokio tank. Flak hole on underside of #2 nacelle damaging skin and supercharger. Three flak holes through RH stabilizer damaging skin corrugation and formers. Two flak holes on top of right inner wing panel damaging skin and corrugation. Three flak holes in top of left inner wing panel damaging skin and ring cowling. Two flak holes in leading edge of left inner wing panel damaging skin, corrugation and oil cooler. (Major).

    TOTAL A/C DAMAGEDMAJOR DAMAGEMINOR DAMAGEBY FLAKBY FLAK & FRIEND
    17116161
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Aircraft Returning Early:

Aircraft No. 1192 Squadron - 508   Pilot - Jizmejian, V.C., 1st Lt.
Time of Abortive - 0945  Location when Aborted - Mid channel
Reason For Abortive - Flying Spare
Disposition of Bombs: BB [Brought Back]
Altitude At Time of Aborting: 16,000'
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: ____
[Signed] V.C. Jizmijian



Aircraft No. 37515 Squadron - 510   Pilot - Lt. Shera
Time of Abortive - ___  Location when Aborted - ___
Reason For Abortive - ___
Disposition of Bombs: ___
Altitude At Time of Aborting: ____
Enemy Opposition Encountered - None
Remarks: (F/S) [Flying Spare]
[Signed] [Not Signed]



“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "A" Combat Wing   Lead Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: Z–7965
    Sqdn 509th A/C:
    Sqdn 510th A/C: A–1560, K–7252, G–7862, R–8038, S–7512, C–2576, V–8123, B–6082, N–7665, M–7196, (L–7515 Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: Z–7687
    P.F.F. Sqdn ___ A/C: ___

    b. 94th "A" Combat Wing   High Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: (R–1192 Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: Y–6108, N–7169, X–7926, P–7193, V–7854, S–9914, U–7216, T–1383, M–7964, F–7674, L–7676
    Sqdn 510th A/C: Y–7651
    Sqdn 511th A/C:

    c. 94th "A" Combat Wing   Low Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: H–8004, C–7843, G–7850, L–7956, N–7727, D–8139, J–7978, K–8130, M–7900, Q–1879, P–7258, O–8277
    Sqdn 509th A/C:
    Sqdn 510th A/C:
    Sqdn 511th A/C:
  2. Target: GS-38
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T WFX R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T LKQ R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T TKX R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T MKL R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. a. Lead Box: Taxi – 0715; Take-Off – 0730; E.T.D. Field – At Take Off
    b. ____ Box: Taxi – ____; Take-Off – ____; E.T.D. Field – ____
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    093315,000 Ft Hastings
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    095515,000 Ft 50°03'N-01°22'E [Le Treport, France]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    133715,000 Ft 50°03'N-01°22'E [Le Treport, France]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    140015,000 Ft Hastings
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1440 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "N"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    508 Squadron: All A/C Maximum [Number of] M-47 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    509 Squadron:
    510 Squadron:
    511 Squadron:

    Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" High Box
    508 Squadron: All A/C Maximum [Number of] M-47 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    509 Squadron:
    510 Squadron:
    511 Squadron:

    Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Low Box
    508 Squadron: All A/C Maximum [Number of] M-47 IB's [Incendiary Bombs]
    509 Squadron:
    510 Squadron:
    511 Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2500 Gallons
  13. Group Leader:
    a. Lead Box: Name: P.L. Fishburne Rank: Major A/C: Z-7687  Sqdn. 511th
    b. High Box: Name: C.E. Wolcott Rank: 1st Lt. A/C: Y-7651 Sqdn. 510th
    c. Low Box: Name: K.M. Crabb Rank: Capt. A/C: H-8004 Sqdn. 508
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None
  15. PFF A/C: Z-7965 - 508, Y-7651 - 510, Z-7687 - 511 Flying with 351st

Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "C" CBW Lead Box Formation at Take–Off
510th Squadron
Fishburne–McClusky
A/C 42-97687 Z PFF
Ford
A/C 42-38038 R
Hillebrand
A/C 42-97965 Z PFF
Whitten–Belmyer
A/C 43-37512 S
Matre–Barnhart
A/C 42-31560 A
Theys
A/C 43-38123 V
Redman
A/C 42-102576 C
Purcell
A/C 43-37862 G
McGee
A/C 42-97252 K
Marsey–McFarlane
A/C 44-6082 B
Shera
A/C 43-37515 L Spare
Miller
A/C 42-97196 M
Bennett
A/C 43-37665 N

Spare Aircraft returned as planned.

94th "C" CBW High Box Formation at Take–Off
509th Squadron
Wolcott
A/C 42-97651 Y PFF
Walker
A/C 43-37854 V
Dawson
A/C 44-6108 Y
Weatherman
A/C 42-39914 S
Seacrest
A/C 42-97169 N
Tebbel
A/C 42-31384 T
Cunningham
A/C 42-97216 U
Barker
A/C 42-97193 P
Underhill
A/C 42-97926 X
Whittaker
A/C 43-37964 M
Jizmejian
A/C 42-31192 R Spare
Baseshore
A/C 43-37676 L
Powell
A/C 43-37674 F

Spare Aircraft returned as planned.

94th "C" CBW Low Box Formation at Take–Off
508th Squadron
Crabb–Lowry
A/C 43-98004 H
Muffett
A/C 43-37956 L
Miller
A/C 42-97843 C
Lord
A/C 43-37978 J
Muhleman
A/C 43-37850 G
Lenze
A/C 43-37900 M
Gurke
A/C 43-38130 K
Wright
A/C 43-38139 D
Angelini
A/C 43-37727 N
Moulton
A/C 42-31879 Q
Wishnewsky
A/C 43-38277 O
Stahl
A/C 42-97258 P


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 0900 DBST [Double British Standard Time]  Briefing: 0430  Stations: 0655  Start Engines: 0705  Taxi: 0715
Take-Off: 0730 Leave Base: 0730 [Breakfast: Enlisted Men 0300; Officers 0330]



Missing Air Crew Report (MACR):
  • A/C# 43-38139   YB-D  Pilot: Lt. Wright  A/C's 11th Mission   MACR # 8452

    Aircraft Loss Circumstances:

    Eyewitness Account
    I, Frank L. Muhleman, 0-757247, was flying as pilot of Aircraft No. 43-37850 which was in No. 1 Position of the High Squadron on a mission to Ludwigshaven, Germany on 5 September 1944. Lt Wright was flying on my left and I noticed that he was hit by a direct burst of flak over the target, which set the no. 4 Engine afire. This fire spread to the wing, and the plane immediately peeled out of the formation. The plane kept descending and when the outboard end of the wing fell off, the plane went into a spin and gradually went out of sight. No parachutes were observed by myself nor any member of my crew. The plane was not seen to explode.
    [Signed] Frank L. Muhleman, 1st Lt., Air Corps.

    Eyewitness Account
    I, John W. Ernst, 35874827, was flying as Tail Gunner on Aircraft 43-37727 which was in No. 2 Position, High Squadron, on a mission to Ludwigshaven, Germany on 5 September 1944. Lt Wright was flying on our left, and the first thing I noticed was that he suddenly fell out of the formation with his right wing afire. He went into a cloud and when he came out he was in a spin and it looked as though his whole right wing was off. Then I definitely saw two parachutes come out of the plane as it was spinning towards the earth. Then it went into the clouds again and I saw no more.
    [Signed] John W. Ernst, 35874827, Sgt, 508th Bomb Sq. (H).

    Eyewitness Account
    I, Kenneth D. Henrichsen, 39027548, was flying as Ball Turret Gunner on Aircraft No. 43-37727 which was in No. 2 Position, High Squadron, on a mission to Ludwigshaven, Germany on 5 September 1944. Lt. Wright was flying on our left, and although I did not see him actually fall out of the formation, he was later pointed out to me by the Tail Gunner. He was then in a spin and his right wing was burning. Shortly after I caught sight of him, I saw two (2) chutes come from the plane. Then a few seconds later I saw the plane hit the ground and explode. I am certain that it hit the ground because I noticed very clearly the definite impact and the burst of flame and smoke immediately afterward. I heard nothing on VHF.
    [Signed] Kenneth D. Henrichsen, 39027548, Sgt, 508th Bomb Sq. (H).

    Eyewitness Account
    I, Charles M. Craver, 19095537, was flying as Ball Turret Gunner on Aircraft No. 44-6108 which was in the Deputy Lead Position, High Box, on a mission to Ludwigshafen, Germany on 5 September 1944. Lt Wright was flying in High Squadron, Low Box. I did not see him fall out of the formation, but I first saw a plane with a right wing burning at 2 o'clock in front of and below our Lead Squadron. I cannot be absolutely certain that the plane was a 351st Bomb Gp plane, but it is very possible that it could have peeled out of the Low Box to the right and arrived at a point in front of and below us. The plane was too distant to observe markings. It began to dive steeply until it reached about 10,000 feet below us. It then exploded in mid-air. I saw no chutes.
    [Signed] Charles M Craver, 19095537, S/Sgt, 509th Bomb Sq. (H).

    According to the MACR the plane crashed near Vierheim about 7 miles NE of Mannheim, Germany.

    Individual Accounts of Crewmen Fates:
    • Pilot - 1st Lt Wright, William G., Killed in Action
    • Co-pilot - 2nd Lt Swanson, Robert A., Killed in Action
    • Navigator - 2nd Lt Swenson, John S., Killed in Action
    • Bombardier - 2nd Lt Mahony, Rollins O. Jr., POW at Stalag Luft 1 Barth-Vogelsang Prussia 54-12, Returned to Military Control, Liberated.
    • Top Turret Gunner - S/Sgt Bender, Andrew H., Killed in Action
    • Radio Operator - Sgt Thomas, Leroy O., Killed in Action
    • Left Waist Gunner - Sgt Hopper, Dick O., Killed in Action
    • Ball Turret Gunner - Sgt Anello, George F., POW at Stalag Luft 4 Gross-Tychow (formerly Heydekrug) Pomerania, Prussia (moved to Wobbelin Bei Ludwigslust) (To Usedom Bei Savenmunde) 54-16, Returned to Military Control, Liberated.
    • Tail Gunner - Sgt Cain, Lewis L., Killed in Action
    Burial Records:

    The burial records below courtesy of the American Battle Monuments Commission. http://www.abmc.gov and findagrave.com

    • 1st Lt Wright, William G., Buried Plot C Row 39 Grave 6, Ardennes American Cemetery, Neupré, Belgium. Awards: Air Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters, Purple Heart
    • 2nd Lt Swanson, Robert A., Buried Plot A Row 28 Grave 28, Lorraine American Cemetery, St Avold, France. Awards: Air Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
    • 2nd Lt Swenson, John S., Buried Plot D Row 33 Grave 30, Lorraine American Cemetery, St Avold, France. Awards: Air Medal with 2 Oak Leaf Clusters
    • S/Sgt Bender, Andrew H., Burial: Plot: Section J Site 859, Golden Gate National Cemetery, San Bruno, San Mateo County, California.
    • Sgt Thomas, Leroy O., Burial: Chandler Cemetery, Marseilles, Wyandot County, Ohio
    • Sgt Hopper, Dick O., Burial: Itasca Cemetery, Itasca, Hill County, Texas
    • Sgt Cain, Lewis L, Burial Unknown


Click on Photo to Enlarge

[Killed in Action: 7]
[Prisoner of War: 2]
[Wounded On Mission: 1]

The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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