- Visual Primary: Frankfurt [Germany] M/Y [Marshalling Yard]
- PFF Primary: Frankfurt M/Y
- Visual Secondary: Frankfurt M/Y
- PFF Secondary: None
- Last Resort: Giessen M/Y
|Zero Hour:|| - 0930|
|Stations:|| - 0720|
|Start Engines:|| - 0730|
|Taxi:|| - 0740|
|Take Off:|| - 0755|
|Target Time:|| - ____|
|ETR [Estimated Time|
| - 1411|
Gasoline 2,300 Gallons
| Lead - ||6 x 1000 S.A.P. [Semi-Armor Piercing] Fusing 3 - 1/10 – 1/40 & 3 - 1/10 – 1/10|
| High - ||6 x 1000 S.A.P. [Semi-Armor Piercing] Fusing 3 - 1/10 – 1/40 & 3 - 1/10 – 1/10|
| Low - ||6 x 1000 S.A.P. [Semi-Armor Piercing] Fusing 3 - 1/10 – 1/40 & 3 - 1/10 – 1/10|
| Composite - ||___|
Intervalometer Settings: Visual – Salvo // PFF - Minimum
Chaff: All bomber A/C [Aircraft] will commence release of chaff at IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] & continue for 12 minutes. Each A/C will carry 288 units.
|Disposition of Forces ||[Bomb Group]||Target||Time of Departure|
|“A” Gp. in 94 CBW|
[Combat Bomb Wing]
|457|| Frankfurt ||0933|
|“B” Gp. in 94 CBW ||351||Frankfurt||0934|
|“C” Gp. in 94 CBW||401||Frankfurt||0935|
|1 Div. Lead||398||Frankfurt||0930|
|2nd Div.||36 Sqdns||Karlsruhe M/Y|
Thionville – Ground Support
|3rd Div.||12 Grps.||Ludwigshafen M/Y|
Thionville – Ground Support
PFF A/C to fly as: 2 PFF – Lead and Deputy Lead in Lead Squadron.
Fighter Cover: 4 Gps. of P-51’s, 1 close [Support] (1-2)
Other Forces: 1 Grp. 47’s on Patrol through target at IP time.
|Lead at||9,000'||feet on|| Kings Cliffe ||Buncher|
|High at||10,000'||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher|
|Low at||8,000'||feet on||Kings Cliffe||Buncher|
|401st at||10,000'||feet on||Cottesmore||Buncher|
|457th at||10,000'||feet on||Glatton||Buncher|
|Composite at||____||feet on||____||Buncher|
Combat Wing Assembly Line: Kings Cliffe - Spalding
Division Assembly Line: Grt. Yarmouth - 51°14’N - 02°55’E [Ostend, Belgium]
- Navigator - _____
- S-2 - _____
- Weather - _____
a. Type of Bombing Formation - 36 A/C Group – 3 x 12 ship Sqdns.
b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
They are: Lead - ____ High - ____ Low - ____
c. Camera A/C L-956, R-156, D-524 to return at ____
d. Spares to turn back at Continental Coast
e. REMARKS: See para. 5G on main F.O. [Field Order] & read.
[Paragraph 5G on main Field Order reads: First Division SCS-51 Localizer will be used in this operation for purpose of checking range and operation of this
equipment. The SCS-51 will be sited at 4902N-0558E [Near Onville, France, 11 miles SW of Metz, France] and will transmit a beam each side and through this point
along a magnetic north and south axis. Pilots will get a yellow indication to the west of the line and blue indication to the east of the line. Frequency
selector "U-Uncle". Operation to be continuous from dawn until conclusion of operations. Report results attained on YS reports.]
BREAK!! PILOT’S STAY!
|CALL SIGN||FLARES|| NAME|
|351st||Woodcraft B - Baker||RG [Red Green]||Major Gorham|
|401st||Woodcraft C - Charlie||RY||Major De Jonckheere |
|457th||Woodcraft A - Able||RY||Major Syptak|
|1st Div. Air Commander||Swordfish - A||GG||Colonel Hunter|
|94th CBW Air Commander||Woodcraft A - Able||RY||Major Syptak|
|Fighters||Balance - One|
|Grnd. Control||Mohair – on Channel 741|
Remarks: Reference Altitude: 21,000’
|Control Points:||Fighter Reference Points:|
|C.P. 1 - Great Yarmouth||N - Malmedy|
|C.P. 2 - 51°14’N-02°55’E||O - Koblenz|
| [Ostend, Netherlands]||T - Gissen|
|C.P. 3 - 50°36’N-05°30’E||I - Heidelberg|
| [Liège, France]||F - Karlshrue|
|_____||Y - Metz|
- Colors of Day are on Flimsy.
Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
- Channel “A” - All except the following:
- Channel “B” - P-258, N-169, P-676
- Channel “C” - 67th F.W.[Fighter Wing] Q-799
- Channel “C” - 8th A.F., G-567
- Channel “D” - All available
- Runway on Take Off. ____
- Expected Runway on return. ____
- Emergency Airfields on Continent. ____
Operational Narrative – Lead Combat Box:
Date of Mission - 5 November, 1944.
- Target Attacked: Frankfurt, Germany (Primary Target) by PFF methods with visual assist.
- Force: 94th “B” Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including two PFF ships and two flying spares, were dispatched.
- Position: Briefed and flew as the second group in the 94th Combat Wing Formation.
|Group Lead |
|Air Commander: ||Major John D. Gorham, Jr.|
|Pilot:||Captain John T. Eickhoff|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. Stanley J. Goodman|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Warren C. Steitz|
|Group Lead (Bombing)|
|Leader: ||1st Lt. Joseph S. Angelini|
|Pilot:||2nd Lt. Virgil M. Bullock|
|Navigator:||1st Lt. Benton F. Love, Jr.|
|Bombardier:||1st Lt. Earl G. Maxwell|
[Combat Bombing Report & all Lead Formation Charts show 2nd Lt. Frank H. Reising as Bombardier.]
Squadron and Group Assembly: The assembly was carried out at the altitude of 10,000 feet over the King’s Cliffe buncher. The increase of 1,000 feet
over the briefed altitude was necessary in order to clear the cloud cover.
Route Over England: Departure from the assembly area was made thirty seconds early. Spalding was reached on course and on time.
A deviation to the north of course was then flown in order to permit the 94th “A” Group to get ahead. Cromer was reached two minutes early
(0923) and an “S” turn was flown in order to get into position behind the 94th “A” Group.
Division Assembly Line: Departure from the English coast was made at the briefed point at 0934 (on time) at the briefed altitude
of 12,000 feet. The 94th “A” Group was followed when it flew to the left of the briefed course and gradually closed in on the briefed course.
The 94th “B” Group was flying in its briefed position. The Belgian coast was crossed north of Ostend at 1007, seven minutes late, at 17,500 feet.
The briefed course was contacted just within the coast.
Route to Target: The briefed route was flown over the continent. Bombing altitude was not reached until shortly before the IP
[Initial Point of Bomb Run]. Due to a bombsight malfunction approximately ten minutes before the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] was reached,
the deputy leader took over the lead of the 94th “B” Group. The IP was reached on course at 1103, nine minutes late.
Description of Bombing Run: The bombing was done by PFF methods with a visual assist. Bombing was done in group formation with the Lead
Squadron flying a magnetic heading of 92°, the High Squadron, 102°, and the Low Squadron, 82° at the time of bomb release. The High Squadron
encountered some difficulty from the prop wash of a preceding group on the bomb run which had cut in front of the 94th “B” Group, and also moved to
uncover the Low Squadron. The briefed turn was made at the IP. Five to seven tenths cloud cover was observed in the target area. No other
difficulties were encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] was not used because the Deputy Leader did not have sufficient time to
set it up upon assuming the lead of the formation.
Flight From Target: After attacking the primary target, at 1111½ - eight and one-half minutes late - the 94th “B” Group followed the
94th “A” Group on the withdrawal. The Group Leader replaced the deputy in the lead position. With the exception of some divergency [sic] in
the target area, the withdrawal was made on the briefed route. Departure from the Belgian coast was made at 1258, five minutes early. Shortly
after leaving the Belgian coast, the diversion message was received. The formation altered course, and flew directly to Beccles. The English
coast was crossed at 5,000 feet and landings were made at Beccles starting at 1352. Three aircraft returned directly to base, thirty-two landed
at Beccles and left there at 1826 (last take-off) and one aircraft remained at Beccles overnight when it became stuck in the mud. A normal
let-down procedure had been previously followed.
Fighter Support: Good.
Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Flak at the target was moderate, scattered, and generally
inaccurate. Ten-tenths clouds were encountered up to the target area, which was found to be five to seven-tenths covered. The Scouting Force
information proved to be accurate and helpful.
Aircraft Not Attacking: Two flying spares returned as planned.
[Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt. Colonel, Air Corps, Operations Officer
|94th "B" GROUP FORMATION|
|Lead Box||High Box||Low Box||TOTAL|
|No. of A/C Failing to Take Off||0||0||0||0|
|No. of A/C Airborne||13||13||12||38|
|No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares||12||12||12||36|
|No. of A/C Sorties||12||12||12||36|
|No. of A/C Attacking||12||12||12||36|
|No. of A/C Not Attacking||0||0||0||0|
|Name of Primary Target||FRANKFURT, GERMANY|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target||12||12||12||36|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|| 72 x 1000# SAP |
| 72 x 1000# SAP || 70 x 1000# SAP || 214 x 1000# SAP |
|Name of Secondary Target|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)|
|(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.|
|(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs|
|No. of A/C Lost - Total||0||0||0||0|
|No. of A/C Lost - Flak|
|No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A|
|No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft|
|No. of A/C Lost - Accident|
|No. of A/C Lost - Unknown|
|Time of Take Off||0750||0752||0754|
|Time of Attack||1111½ ||1111½ ||1111½ |
|Average Time of Flight||6:05||6:10||6:14|
|Altitude of Release||24,930’||25,530’||24,330’|
|Visual or PFF||PFF with Visual Assist|
|Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & Accuracy||MODERATE AND INACCURATE|
|Enemy Resistance – Fighter||0||0||0||0|
|Enemy Resistance – Bombers||0||0||0||0|
|U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft||0||0||0||0|
|Degree of Success||FAIR|
PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: ____
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: ____
Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 5 Nov. 1944
Field Order # 457
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th "B" Group
Target - M/Y [RR Marshalling Yard] at Frankfurt, Germany
Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)? PFF methods with visual assistance.
Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Bombing was in Group Formation
with the High Squadron flying a magnetic heading of 102° and the Low Squadron flying a mag. heading of 82° at time of bombs away.
Was turn made at briefed I.P.? Yes.
Cloud coverage and visibility. 5-7/10 cloud cover.
If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? PFF.
Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Was not used.
Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
[Signed] Frank H. Reising, 2nd Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier
Combat Bombing Flight Record - Lead Squadron 94th “B” Group:
Bombardier - 2nd Lt. Reising, Frank H.
Pilot - 1st Lt. Angelini, Joseph S.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Goodman, Stanley J.
Aircraft B-17G Z-687 Take-off - 0750 Landed - 1745
Objective - M/Y [Marshalling Yard] at Frankfurt, Germany.
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - PFF methods with visual assist.
Initial Point - As Briefed
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 36 Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - __ Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 6 x 1,000-LB., A.P. [Armor Piercing] M52’s
Number of Bombs Loaded - As above Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10 Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On
Information at Release Point:
|Altitude of Target - 310'||Magnetic Heading Ordered 110° Actual 104°|
|True Altitude Above Target - 24,930’||True Heading 098°|
|Indicated Altitude - 25,000’||Drift, Estimated 1° Left - Actual 4° Left|
|Pressure Altitude of Target 350||True Track 94°|
|Altimeter Setting 29.92||Actual Range 15,696.47|
|Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150K||Bomb Sight Type - M-9|
|True Air Speed - 189K||Time of Release 1111½ |
|Ground Speed Est. 276 Actual 238||Length of Bombing Run - 8 min.|
|Wind Direction Metro - 280° Actual - 260°||Intervalometer Setting - Minimum|
|Wind Velocity Metro 55K Actual 50K|| C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] _____|
|D.S. - 129.5 Trail - 36 ATF - 40.90||A-5 Pilot _____|
|Tan. D.A, Est. .62 Actual .59 ||Manual Pilot - X [Used]|
Type of Release - Train
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved
Mean Temp. Metro -35 Actual -30
Winds - Altitude - 25,000 Ft. Direction - Metro 280° Actual 260° Velocity - Metro 55K Actual 50K
Temp C. - Metro -35° C. Actual -30° C.
High Squadron dropped on Lead Squadron on a mag. heading of 112°.
Low Squadron dropped on Lead Squadron on a mag. heading of 82°.
Preliminary Damage Assessment:
The three squadrons of this Group attacked the M/Y [Marshalling Yards] at Frankfurt, Germany. The target was partially covered
by 5-7/10ths clouds and bombing was by PFF methods with visual assistance. Photo cover is complete but clouds, smoke and haze
make it impossible to plot all bursts.
The bombs of the lead squadron fell in the vicinity of the A/D [Airdrome], approximately one and one-half miles short (west)
of the briefed MPI [Mean Point of Impact]. The pattern is mainly concentrated around the A/D buildings and across the railroad tracks that form the
choke point of the M/Y. At least two bombs hit trains on the railroad and one explosion can be seen.
- Bombs away can be seen from the high squadron, but a definite pattern cannot be plotted. Six bursts from either the lead or high
squadron are seen in the southern M/Y near the flyover, approximately 3,000 feet to the right (south) of the briefed MPI. This M/Y is
crowded with trains and some damage will be done.
- Bombs away can be seen from the low box, but clouds prevent the bursts from being plotted. From the ground detail visible at bombs
away and from the smoke markers it would indicate that the bombs of the low squadron fell approximately two miles over the MPI and near
the center of the old part of Frankfurt city. This section is the industrial heart of the city, and damage should be heavy.
[Signed:] Thomas L. Cooper, Captain, Air Corps, Group P.I. [Photo Intelligence]
Narrative Teletype Report:
- No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
The three squadrons of this Group bombed the primary target at Frankfurt [Germany] by PFF method [Radar] with visual assist.
Photos show the main concentration to be approximately 1½ miles short of the briefed MPI [Mean Point of Impact], in the vicinity
of the aerodrome. Some bursts are observed on the railroad track and some in the city. Scattered bursts fell into the city area
near the main passenger station.
There was no enemy aircraft opposition, and no claims [of enemy planes being shot down] are being submitted.
Flak at the target was moderate, scattered, and generally inaccurate. Meager flak was observed at Koblenz, and meager, inaccurate
flak was encountered at the Moselle River at 50°10’N – 07°20’E [Treis-Karden, Germany], at the Rhine River at 50°15’N - 07°37’E
[Osterpai, Germany], and at Wiesbaden.
- There were 10/10ths cloud conditions up to the target area, at which point there were scattered, 5-7/10ths, clouds.
The M/Y [Marshalling Yard] at Windecken, 50°14’N, 08°53’E, was observed to have quite a few goods wagons, and some activity.
PFF units were employed; however, the bomb sight in the lead A/C went out and the deputy lead took over five minutes before
the IP and made the bomb run by PFF with visual assist. The fighter support was reported as good. Scouting Force information
proved to be accurate and helpful. One B-17, believed to be from the Combat Wing behind, was seen to go down in flames at approximately
50°30’N - 08°30E [NE of Schoffengrund, Germany] at 1127 hours. Some crews reported seeing two chutes while others reported seeing
none. Our A/C F-366 [Should be F-566.] is stuck in the mud at Beccles and could not return to its home base. None of our A/C is missing.
Click on Chart to Enlarge
Mission Summary Report:
Abortives and Flying Spares:
- Airplane No. 43-38277 [43-37277], 508th Squadron, returned early as planned.
- Airplane No. 43-37862, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned.
- Airplane No. 43-38130, 508th Squadron. Flak hole entered bottom of right wing, inboard panel, damaging diagonal brace. (MAJOR).
- Airplane No. 43-38799, 508th Squadron. Flak hole left wing onboard panel, damaging heater duct, skin and corrugation. (MINOR).
- Airplane No. 43-38070, 511th Squadron. Flak hole entered trailing edge of vertical stabilizer at connection and emerged through rudder, skin, fabric and former damaged. (MAJOR).
|TOTAL A/C DAMAGED||MAJOR DAMAGE||MINOR DAMAGE||BY FLAK|
[Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer
Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
|a. 94th "B" Group Lead Squadron - 351st Group|
Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, C–8753, G–8567, H–8666, J–7978, K–8130, L–7956, N–7727,
P–7258, Q–8799, (O–8277 Flying Spare)
|Sqdn 509th A/C: (B–7701 PFF)|
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: (Z–7687 PFF)|
|b. 94th "A" Group Low Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 509th A/C: None|
|Sqdn 510th A/C: None|
Sqdn 511th A/C: A–8428, B–8691, D–7524, F–7705, G–8070, H–8435, N–8592, P–2676,
Q–8080, U–7381, X–7571, K–8585
|c. 94th "A" Group High Squadron - 351st Group|
|Sqdn 508th A/C: None|
Sqdn 509th A/C: C–8640, F–6566, L–7676, M–7964, N–7169, P–8432, Q–8116, R–6156,
T–1384, V–7854, U–8591
|Sqdn 510th A/C: A–8465, (G–7862 Flying Spare)|
|Sqdn 511th A/C: None|
- Target: GH-577
W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
|Squadron||508 [Call Sign]||W/T JWV R/T CARLTON||Squadron||510 [Call Sign]||W/T RTF R/T TIPSTAFF|
|Squadron||509 [Call Sign]||W/T TBM R/T HOTMINT||Squadron||511 [Call Sign]||W/T MJV R/T PARTNERSHIP|
Taxi – 0740; Take-Off – 0755; E.T.D. Field – 0755
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)|
|0934||12,000 Ft ||Great Yarmouth|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)|
|1000||19,000 Ft ||51°14'N-02°55'E [Ostend, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)|
|1303||25,000 Ft ||51°14'N-02°55'E [Ostend, Netherlands]|
|Time:||Height: ||Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)|
|1339||10,000 Ft ||Clacton|
- E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1411 Hours
- MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
Lead Squadron: 3 x 1000 SAP [Semi-Armor Piercing] - 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] and 3 x 1000 SAP [Semi-Armor Piercing] - 1/10 x 1/10 [Fuses]
High Squadron: 3 x 1000 SAP [Semi-Armor Piercing] - 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] and 3 x 1000 SAP [Semi-Armor Piercing] - 1/10 x 1/10 [Fuses]
Low Squadron: 3 x 1000 SAP [Semi-Armor Piercing] - 1/10 x 1/40 [Fuses] and 3 x 1000 SAP [Semi-Armor Piercing] - 1/10 x 1/10 [Fuses]
Fuel Load of each A/C: 2300 Gallons
a. Lead Box: Rank & Name: Maj. Gorham A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF 509
b. High Box: Rank & Name: 1st Lt. Secrest A/C No & Sqdn. P-8432 509
c. Low Box: Rank & Name: 1st Lt. Popp A/C No & Sqdn. Q-8080 511
Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
Report Compiled By I.C. Muesing, S/Sgt.
|94th "B" Group Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Gorham–EickhoffA/C 42-97701 B PFF
KevorkianA/C 43-38130 K
AngeliniA/C 42-97687 Z PFF
SullivanA/C 43-37978 J
StahlA/C 43-38666 H
CrutcherA/C 43-38753 C
ButtelA/C 43-38567 G
KennedyA/C 43-38799 Q
WishnewskyA/C 42-97258 P
GlazierA/C 44-8410 A
ParnellA/C 43-38277 O Spare*
WeiseA/C 43-37727 N
KaleA/C 43-37956 L
[* - Spare A/C returned as planned.]
|94th "B" Group High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
Daugherty–SecrestA/C 43-38432 P
Whitaker, G.A/C 43-37964 M
KnightA/C 43-38116 Q
Walker, MA/C 43-37854 V
Walker, G.A/C 43-37676 L
Whittaker, W.A/C 43-38591 U
BarkerA/C 43-38465 A
HibbardA/C 42-97169 N
GoldsboroughA/C 44-6566 F
HorowitzA/C 42-31384 T
CrewsA/C 43-37862 G Spare*
KorgesA/C 43-38640 C
CroninA/C 44-6156 R
[* - Spare A/C returned as planned.]
|94th "B" Group Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target|
PoppA/C 43-38080 Q
WilliamsonA/C 43-38435 H
LambertA/C 43-37957 D
JohnsonA/C 43-38428 A
HadleyA/C 43-38585 K
LangdonA/C 43-37705 F
KasperA/C 43-97381 U
BjoringA/C 42-102676 P
AshtonA/C 43-38070 G
RobinsonA/C 43-38592 N
BoettcherA/C 43-37571 X
FoxA/C 43-37524 D
0930 BST [British Standard Time] Briefing:
Enlisted Men 0415, Officers 0445 Stations:
0720 Start Engines:
Enlisted Men 0315, Officers 0345]
[Wounded On Mission:
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been
declassified by authority NND 745005