351st Bomb Group

Polebrook, England

Group Mission #236

Credited Mission #230

 
DATE: 29 Nov. 1944
Target: Synthetic Oil Plant, Misburg, Germany
 
Briefing Outline:

    1. TARGETS: 
    2. Visual Primary: Misburg [Germany] – Synthetic Oil
    3. PFF Primary: Misburg [Germany] – Synthetic Oil
    4. Visual Secondary: Same as primary
    5. PFF Secondary: Same as primary
    6. Last Resort: Osnabruck (M.Y.) [RR Marshalling Yard]

  1. TIMINGS:
    Zero Hour: - 1000 1100
    Stations: - 0755 0855
    Start Engines: - 0755 0905
    Taxi: - 0755 0915
    Take Off: - 0755 1930
    Target Time: - ____
    ETR [Estimated Time
       of Return]:
    - ____

      Last Take Off - 1030

      Gasoline 2,500 Gallons

  2. LOADING:
     Lead - 12 x 500 G.P. [General Purpose] 1/10 – 1/40 [Fuses]
     High - Same (A/C F-566 has Delay Action Bombs)
     Low - Same
     Composite - ___

  3. Intervalometer Settings: Visual – Salvo. P.F.F. – 75 FT.

  4. Chaff: 288 Units - Commence release at IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] - For 12 minutes.

  5. Division Formation: 1003
    Disposition of Forces [Bomb Group]TargetTime of Departure
    “A” Gp. in 94 CBW
    [Combat Bomb Wing]
    351 Misburg Syn/Oil 1006
    “B” Gp. in 94 CBW 457Misburg Syn/Oil1007
    “C” Gp. in 94 CBW401Misburg Syn/Oil1008
    1 Div. Lead1 "A"DollbargenZero [Hour]
    2nd CBW41 "A"Misburg
    3rd CBW94 "A"Misburg1006
    4th CBW40 "A"Misburg1009
    2nd Div.32 Sqdns.Bielefield - AltenbekenZ + 17
    3rd Div.8 Grps.MerseburgZ + 39

    PFF A/C to fly as: Lead & Deputy Group Lead.
    REMARKS:
     Fighter escort - 19 Groups for 1st Division.

  6. Fighter Cover: One Gps. of P-51’s - Close Support

  7. Other Forces: 15 /Groups of P-51's for 1st Division. Plus 3 Groups P-38's - Patrol - 1 Group - P-47 Escort Screening Force.

  8. Assembly:
    Lead at10,000feet on Kings Cliffe Buncher
    High at11,000feet onKings CliffeBuncher
    Low at9,000feet onKings CliffeBuncher
    401st at10,000feet onCottesmoreBuncher
    457th at11,500feet onGlattonBuncher
    [457th] Screening Force at12,000feet onKings CliffeBuncher

    Combat Wing Assembly Line: Thorpe Abbots to Felixstowe.
    Division Assembly Line: Felixstowe to 52°37’N-04°37’E - Egmond, Holland.
    Interval Between Groups - 1 Minute.

  9. Navigator - _____

  10. S-2 - _____

  11. Weather - _____

  12. Special Instructions:
     a. Type of Bombing Formation - ___
     b. Bombardier and Navigator of the #3 A/C of each sqdn. report to Photo Lab.
      They are: Lead - Q-799 High - J-579 Low - Z-696
     c. Camera A/C  A-410, G-070, F-566
      to return at  Enemy Coast - Out
     d. Spares to turn back at 03° East.
     e. REMARKS: New type double star flares will be employed this morning - Comments?
      (10 RG [Red Green] in 701, 11 GG [Green Green] in B-691, 20 in Q-116)
      On bomb run, the High Groups will fly slightly in trail of their respective Low Grps.
      If the Primary Target is attacked the Low Groups should turn sharp left after bombing to allow the High Groups as much unimpeded bomb run as possible.

      BREAK!!  PILOT’S STAY!

  13. CALL SIGNS:
    CALL SIGNFLARES  NAME
    351stWoodcraft AbleRG [Red Green]____
    401stWoodcraft CharlieRY____
    457thWoodcraft BakerRY____
    457thWoodcraft DogYYScreening Force
    1st Div. Air CommanderSwordfish Able LeaderGGColonel Lieber
    94th CBW Air CommanderWoodcraft Able LeaderRYColonel Stewart

    FightersBalance 1
    BombersVinegrove 1-7
    Grnd. Control[Channel] 741 - Mohair, [Channel] 701 - Colgate

    Control Points:Fighter Reference Points:
    C.P. 1 - English CoastR - Zwolle
    C.P. 2 - English Coast - InE - Hamm
    _____V - Bielefeld
    _____O - Dummer Lake
    _____L - Hanover
    _____T - Kassel

    Remarks: Reference Altitude: 23,000’

  14. Ships To Monitor [Radio Channels A, B, C & D]
    1. Channel “A” - All A/C except the following:
    2. Channel “B” - S-512, K-585, N-665
    3. Channel “C” - 67th F.W. [Fighter Wing] O-277
    4. Channel “C” - 8th A.F. [Air Force] C-753
    5. Channel “D” - Available on all A/C except following: Q-080; Q-116; V-079; B-701; F-376 which will have 8th Air Force.

  15. FLYING CONTROL:
    1. Runway on Take Off. ___ 
    2. Expected Runway on return. ___
    3. Emergency Airfields on Continent. ____


Operational Narrative – 94th “C” CBW:
  1. Date of Mission - 29 November, 1944.
    1. Target Attacked:  Misburg, Germany (Primary Target) by PFF methods.
    2. Force: 94th "A" Group. Thirty-eight aircraft, including two flying spares and two PFF ships flying as lead and deputy lead, were dispatched.
    3. Position: Briefed and flew as seventh in the First Division Formation.
    4. Lead Teams
      Wing Lead
      Air Commander: Lt Col James T. Stewart
      Pilot:1st Lt Evan A. Poston
      Navigator:1st Lt. Irl A. Irwin
      Bombardier:1st Lt. George H. Plaut

      High Squadron
      Group Leader: 1st Lt. Paul G. Anderson
      Pilot:1st Lt. Benjamin F. Nay
      Navigator:2nd Lt. Melvin L. Ouder
      Bombardier:2nd Lt. Mart G. Smith, Jr.

      Low Squadron
      Group Leader: Major Mortimer L. Korges
      Pilot:1st Lt. Harvey W. Powell
      Navigator:1st Lt. Harry U. Perry
      Bombardier:1st Lt. Edward H. Andersen
  2. Narrative.
    1.  Squadron and Group Assembly: Carried out as planned at the Kings Cliffe buncher at the briefed altitude of 10,000 feet.
    2.  Route Over England: Departure from the assembly point was made at 1032 - two minutes early. (The take off time had been delayed one hour. Add one hour to the briefed times indicated on the Track Chart.) The briefed route was followed without difficulty until 52°27'N - 00°48'E [Thetford, England] was reached. At that point it was necessary to make a double drift to the right in order to avoid the 41st Combat Wing formation. When the double drift was started the 94th "A" Group was ahead of schedule. The change in route, however, was not sufficient to lost [sic] all the necessary time by the time the English coast was reached. Felixstowe was reached at 1103½ - 2½ minutes early - at the briefed altitude of 13,000 feet.
    3.  Division Assembly Line: The departure from the English coast was made from the briefed point, but the 94th "A" Group flew slightly to the right in order to stay in the proper position in respect to the preceding formations. Due to the absence of the 41st Combat Wing Formation, the 94th "A" was in fourth place, rather than the briefed position of seventh. Shortly before mid-channel was reached, the missing combat wing made its appearance from the left. The 94th "A" made a double drift to the right in order to permit this formation to get into position and also to lose time. It was followed in this maneuver by the "B" and "C" Groups. A gradual return to the briefed course was flown and the enemy coast was reached at the briefed point one minute late (1144) at 18,000 feet, 2,000 feet below the briefed altitude.
    4.  Flight to Target: The briefed route was followed to the left of course in flying to the target. This was necessary in order to stay in the proper position in respect to the preceding formations. The 94th "A" Group was forced to swing wide of course on the approach to the IP [Initial Point of Bomb Run] in order to avoid cutting off the preceding formations. As a result, the briefed IP was not reached, but a point to the south and east of it was used satisfactorily. This point was reached at 1246 - 6 minutes later than the time for the briefed IP.
    5.  Description of Bombing Run: The target at Misburg, Germany was attacked in group formation by PFF methods. All aircraft then in formation dropped on the lead ship. The target was completely covered. No interference was encountered on the bomb run. The C-1 Pilot [autopilot] functioned satisfactorily. The target was attacked at 1253 - 4 minutes late - from an indicated altitude of 24,500 feet. 500 feet below the briefed altitude. The variance in altitude was necessary in order to stay in the proper position in propects [sic] to the preceding formations and to avoid prop wash on the bomb run.
    6.  Flight From Target: The formation made the turn after the target outside of the briefed course due to evasive action. The briefed course was soon contacted and followed with little variance for the remainder of the mission. It was, however, deemed advisable to fly to the north of course from the turn east of the Zuider Zee to the enemy coast in order to avoid flak installations on the briefed route. The enemy coast was crossed to the right of course and fifteen minutes early at 17,500 feet, 5,500 feet below the briefed altitude. The preceding formations had let down more rapidly than briefed and the 94 "A" Group followed suit. The preceding formations were followed on the flight to England. The English coast was reached southeast of Cromer 23 minutes early at an altitude of 5,000 feet. Return to base was flown from Cromer without difficulty. A normal let-down procedure had been followed.
    7.  Fighter Support: Very Good.
    8.  Comments: No aircraft were lost. No enemy aircraft were encountered. Flak at the target was moderate and inaccurate. There was 10/10ths cloud cover in the target area, but the weather at altitude was no deterrent to formation flying. The Scouting Force furnished the necessary weather information on time. The 94th Combat Wing Leader reported that poor planning of the route over England was responsible for the maneuver to the right of course that was made before reaching Felixstowe. The routes of the 94th and 41st Combat wings were so plotted that such a double drift could not have been avoided.
    9.  Aircraft Not Attacking: The two flying spares returned as planned. One aircraft attacked a target of opportunity and returned to base early.

  [Signed] Clinton F. Ball, Lt Col, Air Corps, Operations Officer


Statistical Summary:
94th “C” COMBAT BOMB WING FORMATION
Lead BoxHigh BoxLow BoxTOTAL
No. of A/C Failing to Take Off0000
No. of A/C Airborne13131238
No. of A/C Airborne Less Unused Spares12121236
No. of A/C Sorties12121236
No. of A/C Attacking12121236
No. of A/C Not Attacking0000
Name of Primary TargetMISBURG, GERMANY
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Primary Target11121235
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs 129 x 500# GP  143 x 500# GP  143 x 500# GP  415 x 500# GP 
Name of Secondary Target
(A) No. of A/C Attacking Secondary Target
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Last Resort Target (LRT)
(A) No. of A/C Attacking LRT
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs
Name of Target of Opportunity (T.O.)51°58'N-09°09'E
(A) No. of A/C Attacking T.O.11
(B) No., Size & Type Of Bombs12 x 500 GP12 x 500 GP
No. of A/C Lost - Total0000
No. of A/C Lost - Flak
No. of A/C Lost - Flak and E/A
No. of A/C Lost - Enemy Aircraft
No. of A/C Lost - Accident
No. of A/C Lost - Unknown
Time of Take Off092609280931
Time of Attack125312531253
Average Time of Flight6:186:366:26
Altitude of Release24,216’24,316’23,916’
Visual or PFFPFFPFFPFF
Enemy Resistance – AA Intensity & AccuracyModerate and Inaccurate
Enemy Resistance – Fighter0000
Enemy Resistance – Bombers0000
U.S. A/C Engaged by Enemy Aircraft0000
Degree of SuccessRESULTS UNOBSERVED

PFF A/C were borrowed from Groups as follows: None
PFF A/C were loaned to Groups as follows: None

PFF AircraftPOSITION
42-97701GROUP LEADAttacked Primary
44-8079DEPUTY LEADAttacked Primary








Lead Bombardier’s Narrative:
Date - 29 Nov. 1944
Field Order # 535
Squadron or Group - Lead Sqdn., 94th "A" Group
Target - Secondary Target - Misburg, Germany
  1. Type of Bombing (Visual, PFF or Combined)?  PFF
  2. Did Squadron perform own sighting operation, bomb on smoke marker, or was bombing done in Group Formation? Bombing was in Group Formation. Mag. [Magnetic Compass] heading of High Sqdn. was 005°. Mag. heading of Low Sqdn. was 349°. Lead Sqdn. - 002°.
  3. Was turn made at briefed I.P.? 51°51'N., 09°37'E [10.5 miles WNW of Einbeck, Germany]
  4. Cloud coverage and visibility. 10/10 Cloud cover.
  5. If Visual, when was MPI identified? If not actually seen, how was it located? PFF
  6. Any Interference on Bomb Run? None
  7. Did C-1 [Autopilot] function satisfactory? Yes
  8. Any other factors affecting accuracy? None
  [Signed] George H. Plaut, 1st Lt., Air Corps, Lead Bombardier.

Combat Bombing Flight Record:

Bombardier - 1st Lt. Plaut, George H.
Pilot - lt. Col. Stewart, J.T. & Lt. Poston, E.A.
Navigator - 1st Lt. Irvin, Irl A.

Aircraft B-17G   B-701  Take-off - 0926 Landed - 1546
Objective - Secondary Target - Misburg, Germany
Aiming Point (MPI) [Mean Point of Impact] - PFF
Initial Point - 51°51'N., 09°37'E [10.5 miles WNW of Einbeck, Germany]
Method of Attack - Group
No. of Attacking A/C in Group: - 35   Composite Group - ____
Number A/C Dropping Bombs by own Sighting Operation: ONE
Deflection and Range Sighting, Group: Lead A/C   Composite Group - ____
Range Sighting only, Group - ____   Composite Group - ____
Bombs, Types and Sizes - 10 x 500 AN-M43 G.P.'s [General Purpose] & 2 Markers
Number of Bombs Loaded - As Above   Released - Same
Fusing, Nose - 1/10   Tail - 1/40
Synchronization - On PFF

Information at Release Point:  Bombing was in group formation.

Altitude of Target - +190Magnetic Heading Ordered 024° Actual 002°
True Altitude Above Target - 24,216True Heading 356°
Indicated Altitude - 24,500Drift, Estimated 9° Right - Actual 10° Right
Pressure Altitude of Target +62True Track 006°
Altimeter Setting 29.92Actual Range 14,087
Calculated Indicated Air Speed - 150KBomb Sight Type - Norden - M9
True Air Speed - 222KTime of Release 12253
Ground Speed Est. 262 Actual 290Length of Bombing Run - 35 miles
Wind Direction Metro - 260° Actual - 245°Intervalometer Setting - 75 Feet
Wind Velocity Metro 60 Actual 70 C-1 Pilot [Autopilot] - X [Used]
D.S. - 127.7  Trail - 58   ATF - 41.5A-5 Pilot _____
Tan. D.A, Est. .57 Actual .58 Manual Pilot ____

Type of Release - Train 75 Feet
Point of Impact If Seen - Unobserved
Mean Temp. Metro -13 Actual -12
Winds - Altitude - 26,000 Ft.  Direction - Metro 260°  Actual 245°  Velocity - Metro 60K  Actual 70K
Temp C. - Metro -39° C. Actual -38° C.



Narrative Teletype Report:
  1. No leaflets were carried on today's mission.
  2. The three squadrons of this Group bombed the Secondary target by PFF methods. Vertical photos show complete cloud coverage with no ground detail visible. PFF operators believe that bombs should have fallen in the MPI [Mean Point of Impact] area.
  3. No E/A [Enemy Aircraft] were encountered and no claims [of enemy aircraft being shot down] are being submitted.
  4. Flak at the target was moderate and inaccurate, probably fired as a barrage. There was meager inaccurate flak at Osnabruck, Hengelo, Zwolle, and Egmond.
  5. There was 10/10 cloud cover in the target area but weather at altitude was no deterrent to good formation flying.
  6. Two rocket trails were observed coming up from the area just to the north of Amsterdam at 1417 hours. At approximately 52°37'N - 05°59'E, one crew observed two large white letters, "M" and "W", about 100 feet tall on the ground. They appeared to be out in open country and not near any military installations.
  7. Bombing was done on the lead PFF A/C of the Group and the equipment of this A/C and the Deputy PFF A/C worked well. The Scouting Force furnished the necessary weather information on time. Fighter support was very good. None of our aircraft is missing.


Track Chart:
Click on Chart to Enlarge



Combat Crew Comments:

    508th Squadron:
A/C 108-Y The leader of the Low Squadron kept knocking us out of position by flying too close up under the leader of the Lead
      Squadron. - Capt. Glazier.
A/C 900-M The new flares lasted longer and are easier to see. - Whole Crew.
A/C 277-O British rations are no good; we prefer one chocolate bar. - Lt. Zimmerman.
A/C 956-L Air Speed of the Lead Squadron was too fast for tailenders. - Lt. Wiese.
A/C 753-C Very good formation at Bombs Away. - Crew.

    509th Squadron:
A/C 676-L The airspeed was too fast all around. - Lt. Walker.
A/C 665-N Flimsies should be in some sort of folder. As it is, they are not fastened together, and vibration makes them fly all over
      the airplane. - Lt. Lockard.
A/C 384-T The bomb bay doors and racks on this aircraft have been reported three times for malfunctions. Today we were forced
      to salvo the bombs again. - Lt. Beveridge.

    511th Squadron:
A/C 650-M The turrets in many of our ships were not manned, while we were still over the continent. - Lt. Slater.

  [Signed:] Charles A. Hillway, 1dt Lt., Air Corps, Ass't S-2 [Intelligence] Officer.


Mission Summary Report:
  1. Abortives and Flying Spares:
    1. Airplane No. 43-38567, 508th Squadron, returned early as planned.
    2. Airplane No. 43-38461, 510th Squadron, returned early as planned.
  2. Battle Damage:
    1. None
  [Signed:] John W. Freeman, Captain, Air Corps, Group Engineering Officer


Deficiencies and Disabilities:

1. Following interrogation the following deficiencies and disabilities were found to be true.

    508th Squadron:
A/C Q-799 Pilot and co-pilot [oxygen] regulators draw hard.
A/C O-277 Heated suit outlet in radio room on right side is out.
A/C L-956 "Y" operator rheostat in radio room is out.

    510th Squadron:
A/C A-465 Oxygen line behind co-pilot is out.

  [Signed:] Ernest J. Cater, Captain, Air Corps, Group Equipment Officer.


“J” Form:
  1. Last Four numbers and Call Letter of A/C in each Squadron:
    a. 94th "A" Group   Lead Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: A–8410, C–8753, F–1711, K–8130, L–7956, M–7900, O–8277, Q–8799, Y–6108, (G–8567 Spare)
    Sqdn 509th A/C: B–7701 PFF
    Sqdn 510th A/C: S–7512, V–8079 PFF
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None

    b. 94th "A" Group   Low Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: C–8640, (F–6566 DA*), G–6078, L–7676, N–7169, O–7595, P–8432, Q–8116, R–6156, T–1384, Z–7696
    Sqdn 510th A/C: N–7665
    Sqdn 511th A/C: None

    c. 94th "A" Group   High Squadron - 351st Group
    Sqdn 508th A/C: None
    Sqdn 509th A/C: None
    Sqdn 510th A/C: (T–8461 Spare)
    Sqdn 511th A/C: A–8428, B–8691, C–8694, F–7705, G–8070, H–8435, J–6579, K–8585, M–8650, P–2676, Q–8080, U–7381
  2. Target: GQ-1625
  3. W/T and R/T Operational Call Sign of each Squadron:
    Squadron508 [Call Sign]W/T SHF R/T CARLTONSquadron510 [Call Sign]W/T SAG R/T TIPSTAFF
    Squadron509 [Call Sign]W/T NCO R/T HOTMINTSquadron511 [Call Sign]W/T RGL R/T PARTNERSHIP
  4. Taxi – 0815; Take-Off – 0830 0930; E.T.D. Field – 0830 0930
  5. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (OUT)
    1006 110613,000 Ft Felixstowe
  6. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (IN)
    1043 114320,000 Ft 52°37'N-04°37'E [10 miles NE of Dunkirk, France]
  7. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing Enemy Coast: (Out)
    1336 143623,000 Ft 52°37'N-04°37'E [10 miles NE of Dunkirk, France]
  8. Time:Height:  Place of Crossing English Coast: (IN)
    1430 15305,000 Ft Cromer
  9. E.T.R.(Estimated Time of Return) Base: 1504 1604 Hours
  10. MF/DF [Medium Frequency/Direction Finder] Section: "G"
  11. Bomb load of Each A/C: "A" Lead Box
    Lead Squadron: 12 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    Low Squadron: 14 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40 - 1 Delay Action, F-6566 (509)
    High Squadron: 14 x 500 G.P. - 1/10 x 1/40
    ___ Squadron:
  12. Fuel Load of each A/C: 2500 Gallons
  13. Leaders:
    Lead Box: Rank & Name: Lt. Col. J.T. Stewart A/C No & Sqdn. B-7701 PFF (509)
    Low Box: Rank & Name: Maj. M.L. Korges A/C No & Sqdn. Q-8116 (509)
    High Box: Rank & Name: 1st Lt. P.G. Anderson A/C No & Sqdn. B-8691 (511)
  14. Passengers, if any: (Full Name, Rank, A/C and Squadron Passenger flying with)
    None

Report Compiled By Grasmehr, D.W. Sgt.



Formation Chart:
94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Lead Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
508th Squadron
Col. Stewart–Poston
A/C 42-97701 B PFF
Ballard
A/C 43-38799 Q
Angelini
A/C 44-8079 V PFF
Sullivan
A/C 43-38130 K
Olson
A/C 43-37900 M
Wishnewsky
A/C 43-37512 S
Crutcher
A/C 43-38753 C
Wiese
A/C 43-37956 L
Zimmerman
A/C 43-38277 O
Glazier
A/C 44-6108 Y
Buttel
A/C 43-38567 G Spare*
Lenze
A/C 42-31711 F
Parnell
A/C 44-8410 A

(* - Spare A/C returned as planned)

94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - High Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
511th Squadron
Anderson, P.G.–Nay
A/C 43-38691 B
Lambert
A/C 44-6579 J
Robinson
A/C 43-38080 Q
McNamara
A/C 43-38428 A
Schwartz
A/C 43-38435 H
Williamson
A/C 42-102676 P
Hadley
A/C 43-38585 K
Butler
A/C 43-38465 A
Fox
A/C 43-37705 F
Johnson
A/C 43-38694 C
Carle
A/C 43-38461 T Spare*
Kasper
A/C 43-38650 M
Taylor
A/C 43-38070 G

(* - Spare A/C returned as planned)

94th "A" Combat Bomb Group - Low Squadron Formation at Take–Off and Over Target
509th Squadron
Korges–Powell
A/C 43-38116 Q
Hammond
A/C 43-37696 Z
Coulam
A/C 43-38432 P
Walker
A/C 43-37676 L
Crews
A/C 42-97169 N
Horowitz
A/C 44-6156 R
Cronin
A/C 43-37595 O
Barker
A/C 43-37665 N
Basehore
A/C 44-6078 G
Claggett
A/C 43-38640 C
Beveridge
A/C 42-31384 T
Goldsborough
A/C 44-6566 F


Time Schedule:
Zero Hour: 1100 BST [British Standard Time]  Briefing: ____ Stations: 0855 Start Engines: 0905 Taxi: 0915 Take-Off: 0930  Leave Base: 0930 

[Wounded On Mission: 0]
The above records were obtained at the National Archives Records Administration and have been declassified by authority NND 745005
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